ma'oste bau la'o by English by ji'u la jbovlaste de'i li 2016-01-10

a
A
logical connective: sumti afterthought or.

a'a
UI1
attitudinal: attentive - inattentive - avoiding.
See also {jundi}, {rivbi}.

a'acu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: attentive - inattentive - avoiding.

a'anai
UI*1
attitudinal: attentive - inattentive - avoiding.

a'au [experimental]
UI1
attitudal: moved deeply - unimpressive
emotionally moved deeply (not only positive means). using express complexed/unexplainable emotion.

abu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral for a.

a'e
UI1
attitudinal: alertness - exhaustion.
See also {sanji}, {cikna}, {tatpi}.

a'ei [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: appeal/call/invocation/summoning
Compare {e'u} - 'suggestion'

a'enai
UI*1
attitudinal: alertness - exhaustion.

ai
UI1
attitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal.
See also {termu'i}, {terzu'e}, {seljdi}, {selcu'a}.

a'i
UI1
attitudinal: effort - no special effort - repose.
See also {gunka}, {slunandu}, {guksurla}, {troci}, {selprogunka}.

a'icu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: effort - no special effort - repose.

aicu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal.

ainai
UI*1
attitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal.

a'inai
UI*1
attitudinal: effort - no special effort - repose.

ai'y [experimental]
BY
letteral for i when ending a diphthong (ai, ei, oi), sometimes written as ị

a'o
UI1
attitudinal: hope - despair.
See also {pacna}.

a'oi [experimental]
COI
vocative: slightly piratical greetings
See also {xai}, {coi}, {co'oi}, {o'ai}. This is an {u'ivla} from "ahoy".

a'onai
UI*1
attitudinal: hope - despair.

au
UI1
attitudinal: desire - indifference - reluctance.
See also {djica}.

a'u
UI1
attitudinal: interest - disinterest - repulsion.
See also {cinri}, {selcni}.

a'ucu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: interest - disinterest - repulsion.

aucu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: desire - indifference - reluctance.

aunai
UI*1
attitudinal: desire - indifference - reluctance.

a'unai
UI*1
attitudinal: interest - disinterest - repulsion.

au'u [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: cute (attractive in an innocent way) - lack of cuteness - repulsively uncute
See {citmle}, {dibmle}

au'y [experimental]
BY
letteral for u when ending a diphthong (au), sometimes written as ụ

a'y [experimental]
BY
letteral for a.
Synonymous with the original CLL definition of .{abu}.

ba
PU
time tense relation/direction: will [selbri]; after [sumti]; default future tense.

ba'a
UI2
evidential: I expect - I experience - I remember.
See also {kanpe}, {bavykri}, {lifri}, {morji}.

ba'acu'i
UI*2
evidential: I expect - I experience - I remember.

ba'ai [experimental]
MAI
discursive suffix: attaches to number. "I expect with probability..."
Takes a number before it. "pimu ba'ai" = "I expect with probability 0.5". See {kanpe}, {ba'a}, {lakne}, {la'a}

ba'anai
UI*2
evidential: I expect - I experience - I remember.

ba'au [experimental]
CUhE
tense: refers to future of current space/time reference absolutely
in the future of {nau}

baba
PU*
time tense: will be going to; (tense/modal).

baca'a
PU*
time tense: future actuality; modal aspect.

baca'o
ZAhO*
time tense: will be then; (tense/modal).

ba'e
BAhE
forethought emphasis indicator; indicates next word is especially emphasized.

ba'ei [experimental]
BAhEI
forethought emphasis indicator; indicates next WORD only, even if that word is a construct-indicating cmavo
According to CLL 19.11, regular {ba'e} doesnt always emphasize just one word. If it is placed in front of a construct (e.g. {la}), it emphasizes the entire construct. {ba'ei} was designed especially for these cases.

bai
BAI
bapli modal, 1st place (forced by) forcedly; compelled by force ...

ba'i
BAI
basti modal, 1st place replaced by ...

bai'ei [experimental]
VUhU3
unary mathematical operator: successor/augment/increment (by one), succ(a) = a++ = a+1
See also: {su'i} {pa}, {pau'oi}, {balvi}, {jersi}, {selyli'e}, {rebla}, {lamji}

bai'i [experimental]
VUhU
mekso string operator (ternary): find-and-replace; in string/text/word/sequence X1 formally replace X2 (ordered tuple of terms to be replaced) with X3 (ordered tuple of terms to be respectively substituted)
X2 and X3 are ordered tuples of substrings/letters/characters/letterals/digits/numerals. The ith term in tuple X2 is replaced with the ith term in tuple X3; the replacements are executed simultaneously (thus, no overlap/contradiction can be allowed to arise in the substitution- in particular, in X2) - alternatively, if there is overlap/conflict in/between the terms of X2, the replacements are performed in order of presentation (the ith term in X2 is replaced by the ith term in X3, and then the (i+1)th term in X2 is replaced with the (i+1)th term in X3, starting with the 1st term in each). X2 and X3 must have the same length/number of terms - alternatively, X3 cannot be longer/have more terms than X2; in this situation, the ith term of X2 is replaced with the ith term of X3 until and including when the last term of X3 is reached, after which point the remaining terms in X2 are not replaced at all. Use a permutation acting on X2 as the argument for X3 in order to rearrange the substrings of X1; if the alphabet is ordered, then operators can be applied to the letters in order to rotate through the alphabet. In particular, if X1 is a binary string (a word over an alphabet of two letters) and X2 is the 2-tuple of the letters of that binary alphabet (length-1 substrings), then without specification of X3, this operator defaults to bitwise binary negation (bit conjugation) wherein each letter in X1 is replaced by the unique other letter in the binary alphabet (otherwise, the replacement would be the identity/trivial replacement or just a formal substitution letter-by-letter which does not really change the nature of the word). X1 and each entry in X2 and X3 should be quoted, match a necessary type (such as being a character), or be abstracted a level by symbolics. In general, the replacement is formal and the strings in X3 need not be over the same alphabet as the one over which X1 is written. This operator is useful for combinatorial lines and for expanding digits (such as, in a binary string, replacing each occurrence of "0" with "01" and each occurrence of "1" with "10"; note that the replacement is instantaneous and simultaneous for all terms of X2 and every occurrence of such terms in X1, thus this substitution is perfectly acceptable).

ba'o
ZAhO
interval event contour: in the aftermath of ...; since ...; retrospective/perfect | |----.

ba'oi [experimental]
ROI
Converts PA into tense; in [number (usually nonspecific)] possible futures where [sumti (du'u)] is true
Possible futures, given the actual past and present; what might happen. Cf. {mu'ei}.

bapu
PU*
time tense: will have been; (tense/modal).

bau
BAI
bangu modal, 1st place in language ...

ba'u
UI3
discursive: exaggeration - accuracy - understatement.
See also {satci}, {dukse}.

ba'ucu'i
UI*3
discursive: exaggeration - accuracy - understatement.

ba'unai
UI*3
discursive: exaggeration - accuracy - understatement.

baze'e
ZEhA*
time tense: forever after / forevermore

be
BE
sumti link to attach sumti (default x_2) to a selbri; used in descriptions.

be'a
FAhA1
location tense relation/direction; north of.

be'e
COI
vocative: request to send/speak.

be'ei [experimental]
BAI
benre modal, 1st place for beneficiary...
See {benre}, {seva'u}, {tezu'e}, {ko'au}

be'ei'oi [experimental]
VUhU
ternary mekso operator: x_1th Bergelson multiplicative interval with exponents bounded from above by function x_2 and with sequence of shifts x_3, where exponents belong to set x_4
x1 must be a positive integer. x2 must be a strictly monotonic increasing function mapping from all of the positive integers to a subset (not necessarily proper) thereof. x3 must be a sequence of natural numbers. x2 without context will default to the same value as x1 (it is simple linear on the set of positive integers), x3 without context will be a sequence all and only of 1's, x4 without context defaults to the set of all non-negative integers. Let p_i be a prime for all i, with p_1 = 2 and the ith prime (in the normal monotonic increasing order) being p_i. Let all other symbols match the aforementioned conditions. Represent the nth term of the sequence x3 by x3_n; represent the function in x2 being applied to the number m by x2(m). Then x1 be'ei'oi x2 boi x3 boi x4 produces the set of all numbers of the form x3_(x1) * (p_1)^(e_1) *...* (p_(x1))^(e_(x1)), where e_j belongs to the intersection of the interval [0, x2(x1)] with x4.

bei
BEI
separates multiple linked sumti within a selbri; used in descriptions.

be'i
BAI
benji modal, 1st place (sender) sent by ...

bei'e [experimental]
BEIhE
Multiple sumti link
Terminated by {be'o}. Until terminated, all following sumti are considered to successively fill the terbri (in order) of the selbri which immediately precedes this word, filling in accord with the order presented (overridden by FA), starting at x2 by default. In a sense, this word delves into the world of the selbri, treating it (temporarily/until terminated) as the selbri of a bridi. (This word reduces the number of {be}'s and {be'o}'s required, as well as reduces the amount of jumping around in an utterance/the thinking required.)

bei'oi [experimental]
BEIhOI
Tag linkarge 2
"fi'o broda fe'u be'oi ko'a bei'oi ko'e" = "fi'o broda be ko'a bei ko'e"

be'o
BEhO
elidable terminator: end linked sumti in specified description.

be'oi [experimental]
BEhOI
Tag linkarge
"fi'o broda fe'u be'oi ko'a" = "fi'o broda be ko'a fe'u"

be'u
UI5
attitudinal modifier: lack/need - presence/satisfaction - satiation.
See also {claxu}, {nitcu}, {mansa}.

be'ucu'i
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: lack/need - presence/satisfaction - satiation.

be'unai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: lack/need - presence/satisfaction - satiation.

bi
-biv-
PA1
digit/number: 8 (digit) [eight].

bi'a [experimental]
UI3a
emphasis indicator; indicates the previous word is especially emphasized
Equivalent to {ba'e} but in UI. See also {ba'e}

bi'ai [experimental]
CAhA
Sumtcita indicating that the bridi must be true under the conditions indicated by the tagged sumti.
See also {narfaunarcu'i}

bi'e
BIhE
prefixed to a mex operator to indicate high priority.

bi'i
-biz-
BIhI
non-logical interval connective: unordered between ... and ...

biki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 8,000 expressed with comma.

bimei
MOI*
quantifier selbri: convert 8 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with the octet of members x_2.

bimoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 8 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is eighth among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

bino
PA*
number/quantity: 80 [eighty].

binono
PA*
number/quantity: 800 [eight hundred].

binonovo
PA*
number/quantity: 8004, without comma.

bi'o
BIhI
non-logical interval connective: ordered from ... to ...

bi'u
UI3a
discursive: newly introduced information - previously introduced information.
See also {nindatni}, {saurdatni}.

bi'unai
UI*3
discursive: newly introduced information - previously introduced information.

bo
-bor-
BO
short scope joiner; joins various constructs with shortest scope and right grouping.
Cf. {ke}, {ke'e}.

bo'a [experimental]
KOhA8
pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 1; x_1
May be used to define words with {cei'e}, or to talk about definitions of existing or proposed words. Series: {bo'a} {bo'e} {bo'i} {bo'o} {bo'u}

bo'ai [experimental]
LI2
convert number into pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable with associated number; x_n
Extends {bo'a} series indefinitely.

bo'e [experimental]
KOhA8
pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 2; x_2
May be used to define words with {cei'e}, or to talk about definitions of existing or proposed words. Series: {bo'a} {bo'e} {bo'i} {bo'o} {bo'u}

bo'ei [experimental]
GOhOI
single Lojban-word name quote, turns to selbri-unit: "x_1 is that which has this name"
Similar to {ze'oi}, but specifically used for names. Convenient for tanru with {brivycme} and grammars with brivla-cmevla merge, to avoid having to wrap a single word up in "{me} {la} ... {ku}".

boi
BOI
elidable terminator: terminate numeral or letteral string.

bo'i [experimental]
KOhA8
pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 3; x_3
May be used to define words with {cei'e}, or to talk about definitions of existing or proposed words. Series: {bo'a} {bo'e} {bo'i} {bo'o} {bo'u}

boi'ai [experimental]
VUhU
immediately convert number into a single digit
See: http://mw.lojban.org/papri/Proposal:_distinguishing_digits_from_numbers#Clean-Up

boi'au [experimental]
JOIhI
immediately convert symbolic string to number (explicit)
See: http://mw.lojban.org/papri/Proposal:_distinguishing_digits_from_numbers#Clean-Up

boi'oi [experimental]
BOIhOI
preserve formal interpretation of mekso subexpression with no substitutions made
In a sense, "converts" an expression from one that has been tampered with in any way to exactly what was uttered in the first place. See: http://mw.lojban.org/papri/Proposal:_distinguishing_digits_from_numbers#Avoiding_the_.22.22D.22_Equals_.229.22.22_hole

bo'o [experimental]
KOhA8
pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 4; x_4
May be used to define words with {cei'e}, or to talk about definitions of existing or proposed words. Series: {bo'a} {bo'e} {bo'i} {bo'o} {bo'u}

bo'oi [experimental]
UI5
attitudinal: silliness - maturity
Expresses silliness, similar to one sense of ":P" (another sense being "zo'o"). What the speaker said is intended to be interpreted as being silly (not necessarily the same as humorous). Based on bebna and zo'o. See also {zo'o}, {bebna}

bo'u [experimental]
KOhA8
pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 5; x_5
May be used to define words with {cei'e}, or to talk about definitions of existing or proposed words. Series: {bo'a} {bo'e} {bo'i} {bo'o} {bo'u}

bu
-bus-
-bu'i-
BU
convert any single word to BY.

bu'a
-bul-
GOhA
logically quantified predicate variable: some selbri 1.

bu'a'a [experimental]
UI1b
naturalistic interjection: used to express a fit of overwhelming or uncontrollable laughter; the stereotypical 'evil laugh'
Additional -'a syllables may be added as desired. See {u'i}, {le'o}, {xa'a}, {cmila}, {palci}

bu'ai [experimental]
NU
abstractor: abstractor to create logically quantified selbri variable to be used in predicate logic of third or higher order.
{zo'e} and {da} are a constant and a bound variable of predicate logic of first order respectively; {co'e} and {bu'a} are a selbri constant and a bound selbri variable of predicate logic of second order respectively; in order to express predicate logic of third or higher order, it is essential to have selbri that treat selbri variables in the domain of all selbri of second order. {su'u} and {bu'ai} in selma'o NU can compose respectively a selbri constant and a bound selbri variable in the domain of all selbri of second order. In the case that {bu'ai} takes plural number of selbri variables, connect them with {ju'e} or something. Higher order is also possible by nesting {bu'ai}. Example: su'o bu'ai xe'u kei su'o bu'a ro da zo'u bu'ai da bu'a (This {xe'u} is an abstraction-variable-indicator-{selbrisle} used in order to put a word of selma'o NU in prenex.) See also {su'u}, {bu'a}; {xe'u}.

bu'e
GOhA
logically quantified predicate variable: some selbri 2.

bu'i
GOhA
logically quantified predicate variable: some selbri 3.

bu'o
UI7
attitudinal contour: start emotion - continue emotion - end emotion.

bu'ocu'i
UI*7
attitudinal contour: start emotion - continue emotion - end emotion.

bu'o'e [experimental]
BY
elliptical/unspecified/vague letteral/symbol
Has use in mekso at the least; in this context, it might subsume {xo'e} (but see: {xo'e'o'e}). It also may be useful in spelling, initialisms, etc. If used as a pro-sumti (as other letters are), it means {zo'e} but only for reasonable or previously specified letterals assignments.

bu'oi [experimental]
COI
Interjection: Boo!
A way to shock people analogous to yelling "BOO!" at someone.

bu'onai
UI*7
attitudinal contour: start emotion - continue emotion - end emotion.

bu'u
FAhA3
location tense relation/direction; coincident with/at the same place as; space equivalent of ca.

by
BY2
letteral for b.

ca
PU
time tense relation/direction: is [selbri]; during/simultaneous with [sumti]; present tense.

ca'a
-caz-
CAhA
modal aspect: actuality/ongoing event.

ca'au [experimental]
KOhA7
Refers to what is usually assumed to be the argument of tense tags when no explicit argument is given
Usually, {pu} {ca'au} means the same as {pu} {ku}. What {ca'au} refers to depends on the bridi operators before it.

caba'o
ZAhO*
time tense: has been, is now in the aftermath of; (tense/modal).

caca'a
PU*
time tense: present actuality; modal aspect.

caca'o
ZAhO*
time tense: is now/simultaneously, is now in the middle of; (tense/modal).

ca'e
UI2
evidential: I define.
See also {mitcu'a}, {mitsmu}.

ca'edai
UI*2
discursive / expression: "If you say so"
See {ca'e}, {dai}, {vi'o}

ca'enai
UI2
evidential: I don't define

cai
CAI
attitudinal: strong intensity attitude modifier.

ca'i
BAI
catni modal, 1st place by authority of ...

cai'e [experimental]
NAhE
strong scalar intensifier: extremely...
{rei'e}:{ru'e}:{milxe} ; {noi'e}:{na'oi}:{cnano} ; {sai'e}:{sai}:{mutce} ; {cai'e}:{cai}:{tcetce}. See http://mw.lojban.org/papri/zipcpi:_scalar_modifiers

cajeba
PU*
time tense: during and after; (tense/modal).

caku
PU*
Now. At the present time.
The terminator {ku} is used to close the tense {ca}.

ca ma
PU*
sumti question asking for a time/date/event; simultaneous with what?.

canlu bu
bu-letteral
BY*
space (character)
Unicode code point U+20.

ca'o
ZAhO
interval event contour: during ...; continuative |-----|.

capu'o
ZAhO*
time tense: is going to, is now just about to, is now anticipating; (tense/modal).

cau
BAI
claxu modal, 1st place lacked by ...

ca'u
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction; forwards/to the front of ...

cau'a [experimental]
NA
elliptical/unspecified truth value; "maybe, maybe not"
{cau'i}, but in NA. Indicates unspecificity or uncertainty between {ja'a} and {na}. See {cau'e}.

cau'e [experimental]
NAhE
elliptical/unspecified scalar modifier: "maybe, maybe not", modifies next selbri-unit or tag
{cau'i}, but in NAhE. Shortened from {cau'o'e}. See {cau'a}.

cau'i [experimental]
CAI
modifier / discursive: elliptical affirmative; "maybe, maybe not"
Elliptical NAI/CAI. "Maybe yes, maybe no, maybe somewhere in between". Can also modify attitudinals: {uicau'i} = "Maybe I'm happy, maybe I'm sad". See {ju'ocu'i}, {ju'acu'i}, {ju'oinai}, {cau'a}, {cau'e}, {na'i}, {ge'e}

cau'o'e [experimental]
NAhE
elliptical/vague/indecisive scalar affirmer/negator; true neutral/non-committed/uninvolved scalar truthfulness/assertion
Useful for when the truthfulness or falseness of a bridi is undesirable (the speaker makes no firm stance or assumption on the matter). Different from {no'e} in that it does not necessarily select a neutral value on a scale; it merely acknowledges that some value on the scale could be chosen/that the scale exists, but does not choose one (it is hands-off). If one does not want to accuse someone of being or doing something, but wants to talk about it, this word would be used; often can be used for "are or are not".

cazi
PU*
right now
Narrows the scope/meaning of "now" to be relatively more immediate (but it still may encompass a small interval that extends into the objective/physical past and/or future).

cazu
PU*
nowadays, wide sense of "now"
The interval that is considered to be "now" by the speaker is relatively large(r).

ce
-cec-
JOI
non-logical connective: set link, unordered; "and also", but forming a set.

ce'a
LAU
2-word letteral/shift: the word following indicates a new font (e.g. italics, manuscript).

ce'ai [experimental]
ZOhU
lambda variable prenex; marks the end of introduction of lambda-scope variables.
Cf. {zo'u}. In effect this word is used as a shortcut around verbose repeated assignment in a {ka} prenex: lo ka ce'u goi ko'a ce'u goi ko'e ... zo'u ... is the same as lo ka ko'a ko'e ... ce'ai ... In either form this style can be used to avoid subscripting and to disambiguate nested {ka}, {ni}, etc.

ce'e
CEhE
links terms into an afterthought termset.

cei
CEI
selbri variable assignment; assigns broda series pro-bridi to a selbri.
Note: Directionality of assignment may be ambiguous. {ca'e} on the "toward" side may be used to disambiguate.

ce'i
-cez-
PA3
digit/number: % percentage symbol, hundredths.

cei'e [experimental]
SEI
define following selbri with sentence or tu'e...tu'u clause
Usage: The selbri after {cei'e} is defined by the associated sentence or {tu'e}...{tu'u} clause. {bo'a}, {bo'e}, {bo'i}, {bo'o}, and {bo'u} represent places x_1 through x_5 within its place structure. (Use {bo'ai} for more places if needed, or {ce'u} for "next place"). // {cei'e} is meant to be used to define new words (implicit {ca'e}) but may be modified by evidentials to express an assertion ({ju'a}) or opinion ({pe'i}) on a meaning instead. Alternatively, {smuni} and {ka'ei} may be used. // See {cei}, {goi}, {goi'e}

cei'i [experimental]
GOhA
pro-bridi: the universal predicate
See also: {zai'o} (pro-sumti; empty), {gai'o} (pro-bridi; empty), {mai'i} (pro-sumti; universal), {ctaipe}.

ce'o
-ce'o-
JOI
non-logical connective: ordered sequence link; "and then", forming a sequence.

ce'oi [experimental]
JOI
argument list separator: acts as a comma between arguments in an argument list supplied to a function.
"ce'oi" is the word of choice to separate the arguments in bridi_3. Using {ce'o} there has obvious limitations when the selbri actually calls for a sequence. Obviously, ce'oi has issues too if the selbri can accept an argument list, but this can be circumvented more readily with {ke}...{ke'e} brackets than it can with {ce'o}. Consider ".i lo ka broda cu selbri fi ko'a ce'o ko'e". Without inspecting the type requirements of {broda} and the respective types of {ko'a} and {ko'e}, one cannot determine the meaning of the {bridi}. Furthermore, if one accepts non-static typing of {sumti} places, multiple correct answers can be given for a question asking what is the bridi_1. This would create ambiguity that is otherwise resolved by "ce'oi". See also {ka}, {du'u}, {me'au}

ce'u
KOhA8
pseudo-quantifier binding a variable within an abstraction that represents an open place.

ci
-cib-
PA1
digit/number: 3 (digit) [three].

ci'ai [experimental]
UI
discursive: marks an utterance as using something that is experimental/not official, especially experimental grammar
In some sense, functions as an error marker or an error quote (but without the quote).

ci'ai'u [experimental]
VUhU
unary mex operator: n-set; maps a nonnegative integer 'a' to the set \\{1, \\dots ,a\\} (the intersection of the set of all natural numbers with the closed ordered interval [1,a] such that a \\geq1)
0 maps to the empty set.

ci'au'u'au'i [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: pride about having just invented a new attitudinal - shame about having just invented a new attitudinal

ci'e
BAI
ciste modal, 1st place used in scalar negation in system/context ...

ci'i
PA5
digit/number: infinity; followed by digits => aleph cardinality.

ci'iroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: occurs infinite times, eternally; objective tense; defaults as time.

ciki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 3,000 expressed with comma.

cimei
MOI*
quantifier selbri: convert 3 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with the trio of members x_2.

cimoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 3 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is third among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

cino
PA*
number/quantity: 30 [thirty].

cinono
PA*
number/quantity: 300 [three hundred].

ci'o
BAI
cinmo modal, 1st place emotionally felt by ...

ci'o'au [experimental]
VUhU
mekso operator (binary): projection function; the Bth term/entry ("element") of tuple A
A must be a tuple. Let L = length(A); then L is a positive integer, 0, or infinity (countable), and A = (A_1, A_2, ..., A_L), and B must be a natural number and belong to the ordered interval [1, L]. If L = 0, the output is a placeholder "blank element"; else, if B does not satisfy the aforementioned condition, then the function is undefined. Using the aforementioned notation, and letting Proj represent the projection function, Proj(A, B) = A_B; note that B = 1 will cause the output of the first entry in the tuple, which is A_1. For any i, there is no restriction on the typing/value of A_i so long as it is defined; the type of A_i need not even match the type of A_j for i =/= j. See also: {bai'ei}, {no'au'au}, {pi'ei}. Notice that the input is a single tuple and an integer, it does not rely on anyou underlying stucture; this is markedly different from a the dot product of vectors, although by establishing a basis and an underlying field, they can look quite similar.

ci'oi [experimental]
COI2
Converts following cmevla or zoi-quote into psychomime.
Narrower term than {tai'i}. See also {ci'o}, {cinmo}, {sa'ei}, {ki'ai}. Examples in some languages. jpn: そわそわ (sowasowa): restlessly. nep: सुखदुख (sukhadukha): lit. happiness-sorrow; the human condition. eng: "zing", "yoink"

ciroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: thrice; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.

ci'u
BAI
ckilu modal, 1st place on the scale ...

co
-col-
CO
tanru inversion operator; "... of type ..."; allows modifier trailing sumti without sumti links.

co'a
-co'a-
ZAhO
interval event contour: at the starting point of ...; initiative >|< |.

co'e
-com-
-co'e-
GOhA
elliptical/unspecified bridi relationship.

coi
COI
vocative: greetings/hello.

co'i
ZAhO
interval event contour: at the instantaneous point of ...; achievative/perfective; point event >|<.

coico'o
COI*
vocative: greetings in passing.

co'o
COI
vocative: partings/good-bye.

co'oi [experimental]
COI
Combination of {coi} and {co'o}, indicating either greetings or partings according to context.
The scalar negated forms of this COI are apparently identical to its positive form. cf. {coi}, {co'o}, {rinsa}, {tolrinsa}.

co'u
-co'u-
ZAhO
interval event contour: at the ending point of ... even if not done; cessative | >< |.

cu
CU
elidable marker: separates selbri from preceding sumti, allows preceding terminator elision.

cu'a
VUhU3
unary mathematical operator: absolute value/norm |a|.

cu'ai [experimental]
VUhU3
binary mathematical operator: vector norm/magnitude of vector a in structure (normed vector space) b
Contextless default for b: Euclidean normed vector space over the reals or complexes; in relativity, without context, the default interpretation for a four-vector is the Minkoski magnitude. b determines the meaning of the norm. Accompanies and clarifies {cu'a}.

cu'au [experimental]
universial famyma'o: terminates the most recently opened construct or clause.
cu'au looks back for the most recently opened construct that has not been terminated, and emulates whatever {famyma'o} would terminate it. It can also be subscripted with {xi}, and will terminate that many times. Note that that means grammatical function is being put in a {xi} clause, so be careful when using it. Additionally, cu'au {xi} {ro} will terminate all the way up to the last sentence-starting word (.i mi klama lo zarci pe lo pendo be mi cu'au xi ro -> .i mi klama lo zarci pe lo pendo be mi cu'au-be'o-ku-ge'u-ku-vau). This will also terminate to sentences started in {lu} (will NOT emulate li'u UNLESS used multiple times), {ni'o}, and {no'i}. It will NOT emulate {le'u}. In addition to {ro}, it can be subscripted with {da'a}, which terminates to the sentence level, minus 1. In the previous example, this would just leave the {vau} remaining, and allow you to continue to add to the place structure of {klama}.

cu'au'ei [experimental]
VUhU
mekso binary/unary operator: multinomial coefficient/binomial coefficient/choose
If unary, a list (n_1,...,n_r) must be supplied as input; the terms of the list may not be distinct; for appropriate values, output is ((n_1 +...+ n_r)!)/((n_1)! *...* (n_r)!). If binary, a single number n must be supplied for the first variable and the second variable must be a list (k_1,...,k_s); for appropriate values, the output is (n!)/((k_1 !) * ((n - k_1)!) *...* (k_s !) * ((n - k_s)!)); note that this is not exactly the typical definition, but it allows for easier immediate usage for the binomial case (where s=1).

cu'e
CUhE
tense/modal question.

cu'ei [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have {sa'a} attached to it by default. Using {sa'anai} would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'ei'a [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'a; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'ei'ai [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to first person (mi); used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'ei'e [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'e; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'ei'ei [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to general third person (zo'e); used generally in quotations.
Notes: Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'ei'i [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'i; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'ei'o [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'o; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'ei'oi [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to second person (do); used generally in quotations.
Notes: Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'ei'u [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'u; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

cu'i
CAI
attitudinal: neutral scalar attitude modifier.

cu'o
MOI
convert number to probability selbri; event x_1 has probability (n) of occurring under cond. x_2.

cu'u
BAI
cusku modal, 1st place (attribution/quotation) as said by source ...; used for quotation.

cu'u ko'a
BAI*
tagged sumti: can be used for embedded: it-1 said, "...", with editorial unquote and insert.

cy
BY2
letteral for c.

da
-dav-
-dza-
KOhA1
logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 1 (usually restricted).

da'a
-daz-
PA4
digit/number: all except n; all but n; default 1.

da'a'au [experimental]
VUhU
mekso operatory: prime mark append
For ordered inputs (A, B, C), where A is a general mathematical object, B is an integer (normally nonnegative), and C is a nonnegative integer; appends B prime(s)/distinguishing marks of type C to A. Presumably objects that have the same symbol as A but different B and C values are mutual(ly) related/analogs, but are at least formally distinguishable. B and C each default to 1. In practice, tick marks are usually called prime marks (and probably will effectively/culturally have a value of C=1); other distinguishing features are employed usually once these are used, such as overbars, over-tildes/over-twiddles, dagger, asterisks, etc. For a fixed C, this operator forms a series in B for each A. The meaning is context-specific. B = 0 iff C = 0; if A in unprimed (lacks any distinguishing marks), then B = 0; thus all mathematical objects have this operator implicitly attached to them with the value of 0 for the second and third argumentsize (note that this is not the default value for these arguments when this operator is explicitly mentioned). It is possible therefore to reference both primed and unprimed objects of form A simultaneously via reference to, for example, (1±1)/2 for the value for B and/or C (employing the setting of defaulting to the value of 1 as appropriate).

da'ai [experimental]
KOhA3
other than me
Can include {do}. {ma'a} can be defined as "{mi} {jo'u} {do} jo'u {da'ai}"

da'amei
MOI*
quantifier selbri: convert all but one to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with all but one members x_2.

da'amoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: converts all-but-(1) to ordinal selbri; x_1 is penultimate among x_2 by rule x_3.

da'ane'e
PA*4
digit/number: counting from least contextually-possible number; least possible number + n; default n=1
Counts up from {rone'e}, similar to how {da'a} counts down from {ro}

da'aremoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: converts all-but-2 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is antepenult. among x_2 by rule x_3.

da'au [experimental]
KOhA1
pro-sumti: forgetful something/memory-less da
Functions as {da} does with respect to existential quantification. Each usage acts as though the scope of all previous usages have been closed/terminated (or that all assignments to the meaning of this word have been forgotten/erased/overridden/unassigned). Even within the same given scope, multiple usages of this word can refer to different things (with or without qualification) and are (modulo qualification) completely free in their reference sets absolutely and with respect to one another; of course, they can mean the same thing, but it is not necessary. Usage within prenexes is essentially pointless if intended to be used after the same. See also: {da'o}, {da}, {kau'a}, {kau'e}, {kau'i}, {zo'e}.

da'e
KOhA2
pro-sumti: remote future utterance; "He'll tell you tomorrow. IT will be a doozy.".

da'ei [experimental]
DOI
attitudinal cause attribution
Whereas dai simply marks an attitudinal as applying to someone other than the speaker, and da'oi attributes the preceding attitudinal as belonging to someone specific, da'ei attributes the cause of one's feeling to someone/something else.

dai
UI5
attitudinal modifier: marks empathetic use of preceding attitudinal; shows another's feelings.
See also {cnijmi}.

da'i
UI3
discursive: supposing - in fact.
See also {sruma}.

dai'i [experimental]
CAI
attitudinal modifier: supposed emotion - factual emotion
Used for emotions that are non-factual, for example when talking about hypothetical events. la'a ui dai'i mi ba te dunda lo karce lo mi patfu I will probably be given a car by my dad and I would feel happy about it if that happened.

da'inai
UI*3
discursive: supposing - in fact.

dai'o [experimental]
DAhO
discursive & gafyzmico: reset/restore all defaults (permanently) to discourse-exterior specification; cancel all following discourse-interior default assignments
Any modification made to the default value of all terbri is hereby cancelled and the definitions of all words (with respect to default specifications for terbri), as they explicitly appear in official Lojban word lists and other resources, is hereby used. Permanent until future alterations (with respect to terbri default specifications) is explicitly made. See also: {do'ai}, {zmico}, {gafyzmico}, {da'o}.

da'o
DAhO
discursive: cancel pro-sumti/pro-bridi assignments.

da'oi [experimental]
DOI
attitudinal attribution
Whereas {dai} simply marks an attitudinal as applying to someone other than the speaker, da'oi explicitly attributes the preceding attitudinal. In particular, dai is equivalent to da'oi na'e bo mi.

dau
PA2
digit/number: hex digit A (decimal 10) [ten].
Experimental rafsi: -duv-

da'u
KOhA2
pro-sumti: a remote past utterance; "She couldn't have known that IT would be true.".

dau'a [experimental]
DEhAU
gafyzmico: Reset all default specifications of immediately previous word to official definition specifications hereinafter (permanently)
Restores all default specifications in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted {zo'e} and {di'au} that may fill the terbri of that word are predefined/specific in reference and do indeed necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-external/“official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default restoration (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so restored all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by {be} or {bei}; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. Affects all future uses of the word (permanent), until the end of the text/conversation or explicitly undone in some manner. See also: {doi'a}, {de'au}, {zmico}.

dau'i [experimental]
CAI2
attitudinal: equal intensity attitudinal relativizer
Specifies an equal intensity - relative to any previously specified intensity of the same UI/cmavo. See also {mau'i}, {me'ai}, {cu'i}

de
KOhA1
logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 2 (usually restricted).

de'a
ZAhO
event contour for a temporary halt and ensuing pause in a process.

de'ai [experimental]
DEhAI
default value (re)specification/(re)assignment/(re)definition/over-write; set new default value (terbri-specific; permanent)
Terminates immediately previous sumti. The immediately following (next) unfilled terbri at that level of nesting is affected by this word; if no such terbri exists at that level of nesting, this word's affects apply to the next unfilled terbri in the immediately higher level of nesting (unnested once); if no unfilled terbri exist at any/all levels of nesting and following the immediately previous sumti (even if unfilled terbri exist prior to that sumti), this word has no meaningful affect and can be ignored. This word must be followed by a sumti; for the purpose of this explanation, this sumti will be xy (as in "de'ai xy"). The affected terbri is defined to default to the value xy (the sumti as a whole, including gadri, tanru, relative clauses, etc.); in other words, when not explicitly filled or when filled be {di'au}, the sumti value filling the affected terbri is that of xy. This affect remains in effect until the end of the text/conversation or until/unless the default setting of this terbri explicitly redefined (overriding by {di'ei} is temporary/only applies to that usage). If xy is {zo'e}, the default value is completely general and elliptical; thus, permanently overriding a default setting on a specific terbri may be done by "de'ai zo'e". The scope of this word fully encompasses and ends with the following sumti (xy); thus, the second sumti, same-/higher-level terminator, a FA cmavo, etc. following this word ends the new default specification in addition to its other functions. Additionally, this word does not actually fill the affected terbri with any particular sumti/value; it merely defines its default value hereinafter. CAUTION: Thus, the second same-level sumti uttered actually fills the affected terbri; in order to access the newly-defined default value of the terbri immediately after definition, follow "xy" (with terminator) immediately with implicit (or possibly explicit) "{zo'e}" (possibly necessitating terminators), "{di'au}", or "xy" itself. Moreover, therefore, the default value defined by this word does not immediately/necessarily affect the truth value of the statement in which it appears (it only does so if the second following sumti is not {di'au}, implicit (or possibly) explicit {zo'e}, or xy itself); however, in all future uses of the brivla to which the terbri belongs, unless explicitly filled with a sumti of a different value, the truth value of those statements will be affected. Also, {su} does not erase this new definition of default. If the affected terbri is naturally defined to have a default or if it has no naturally defined default value, this word semi-permanently over-writes them. See also: {dai'o}, {de'au}, {de'ei}, {de'oi}, {di'au}, {di'ei}, {di'oi}.

de'au [experimental]
DEhAU
gafyzmico: Cancellation (permanent) of all defaults in immediately previous word
Cancels/overrides/ignores/"kills" all defaults (default specifications) in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted {zo'e} and {di'au} that may fill the terbri of that word are general in potential reference (modulo context) and do not necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-exterior/“official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default override (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so overridden all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by {be} or {bei}; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. Affects all future uses of the word (permanent), until the end of the text/conversation or explicitly undone in some manner. See also: {dau'a}, {de'oi}, {zmico}.

de'au'u [experimental]
VUhU3
mekso ternary operator: positive super-logarithm; the super-logarithm (inverse operator of hyper-operator with respect to "height" of power tower) of a with base b and of order c-2
c is a nonnegative number (currently, must be an integer). Currently, b must be a positive integer in order to be well-defined. c=3 produces the normal/standard/simple logarithm; c=4 produces slog. See also: {te'au'u}, {fe'au'u}, {dei'au'o}.

de'e
KOhA2
pro-sumti: a near future utterance.

de'ei [experimental]
ROI
on (n)-th day from a given point (by default from today)
"{ni'u} de'ei / yesterday", "{no} de'ei / today", "{pa} de'ei / tomorrow". When tagging a sumti, the sumti specifies the given point. See also {zu'oi}, {djedi}

dei
KOhA2
pro-sumti: this utterance.

de'i
BAI
detri modal, 1st place (for letters) dated ... ; attaches date stamp.

de'i'a [experimental]
BAI
in the Nth century.
{na'arctodetri} modal. ex.) lo ratni jbama cu co'a zvati lo terdi de'i'a li reno (The atomic bomb has been on the Earth since the 20th century.) See also {de'i}; {de'i'e}, {de'i'i}, {de'i'o}, {de'i'u}.

dei'a [experimental]
TAhE
tense interval modifier: decreasingly...; decrementative. Tagged sumti, if present, indicates amount of decrease (lo te jdika)
See {jdika}. Opposite of {zei'a}.

dei'au'o [experimental]
VUhU
mekso binary operator: Lambert product-log W function; W(a, b)
Default: b=0. a can be any complex number (for which W is defined) and b is any integer denoting the branch (where b=0 implies the principal branch). See also: {vau'au'o}.

de'i'e [experimental]
BAI
in the year N.
{na'ardetri} modal. ex.) la berlin.bitm cu porpi de'i'e li pasobiso (The Berlin Wall was broken in 1989.) See also {de'i}; {de'i'a}, {de'i'i}, {de'i'o}, {de'i'u}.

dei'e [experimental]
KOhA
pro-sumti: the next word

dei'ei [experimental]
KOhA2
pro-sumti: this entire document/text
Similar to {dei}, but refers to the entire text. See se {uencu}, se {cukta}

de'i'i [experimental]
BAI
in the Nth month.
{ma'irdetri} modal. ex.) lo ckule cu de'a gubni de'i'i li bi (The school is closed in August.) See also {de'i}; {de'i'a}, {de'i'e}, {de'i'o}, {de'i'u}.

de'i'o [experimental]
BAI
on the Nth day of the month.
{ma'irdeidetri} modal. ex.) mi cliva lo gugde de'i'o li cino (I will leave the country on the 30th.) See also {de'i}; {de'i'a}, {de'i'e}, {de'i'i}, {de'i'u}.

dei'o [experimental]
KOhA
pro-sumti: this word
mnemonic: dei + zo -> dei'o

de'i'u [experimental]
BAI
on the Nth day of the week.
{jefydeidetri} modal. ex.) lo karni cu co'a gubni de'i'u li ci (The journal is published on Wednesday.) See also {de'i}; {de'i'a}, {de'i'e}, {de'i'i}, {de'i'o}.

dei'u [experimental]
KOhA
pro-sumti: the previous word

denpa bu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral: Lojban "." character.

de'o
VUhU3
binary mathematical operator: logarithm; [log/ln a to base b]; default base 10 or e.
see also {dugri}, {te'a}

de'oi [experimental]
DEhAU
Cancellation (instant-/usage-wise; temporary) of all defaults in immediately previous word
Cancels/overrides/ignores/"kills" all defaults (default specifications) in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted {zo'e} and{di’au} that may fill the terbri of that word are general in potential reference (modulo context) and do not necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-external/“official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default override (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so overridden all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by {be} or {bei}; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. The cancellation is only effective for the single occurrence/instant/usage of this word (the next use of the affected word will be implicitly accompanied by its terbri defaults, as defined elsewhere (by official definition or by other (permanent) modifications made to the word)). See also: {doi'a}, {de'au}, {zmico}.

de'u
KOhA2
pro-sumti: a recent utterance.

di
KOhA1
logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 3 (usually restricted).

di'a
ZAhO
event contour for resumption of a paused process.

di'ai [experimental]
COI
vocative: well-wish - curse
Used to express well-wishes/curses. See also {dimna}, {zandapma}, {dapma}, {ki'e}, {doi}

di'au [experimental]
KOhA7
pro-sumti and sumyzmico: discourse-interior default it (terbri-specific)
Explicitly and emphatically references the specified default value of the relevant terbri as specified/designated by the discourse; thus, its value is context-dependent and subject to specification modifications. It does not necessarily reference the value defined "officially". ({zo'e}, implicit or explicit, may do so as well, but the use of this word implies some degree of a more deliberate choice to follow the default specification.) When a default of the terbri is not specified by the previous discourse (nor by the discourse-exterior "official" definition of the terbri if not specification modifications have been made previously), this word is equivalent to completely general and elliptical {zo'e}. See also: {di'oi}, {di'ei}.

di'e
KOhA2
pro-sumti: the next utterance.

di'ei [experimental]
KOhA7
pro-sumti and sumyzmico: an elliptical/unspecified value which does not necessarily obey the default setting for the corresponding terbri that is explicitly specified in the definition of the word; has some value which makes bridi true
Some brivla have default specifications for certain terbri; when any explicit sumti is omitted from filling these terbri (an implicit {zo'e} fills them instead), the meaning of that sumti is interpreted in accordance with the default specification; it is reasonable to suppose that an explicit {zo'e} used in order to fill such terbri will likewise obey the default specification in its interpretation. Thus, there is no simple way to reference the "general" elliptical/unspecified value for these sumti, other than by using this word. {zo'e} typically is interpreted as meaning any value of some general and unspecified set of potential sumti referents, modulated by context and the need to make the statement true; in the case of an explicit default setting of a terbri by the definition of a word, {di'ei} takes on this general and unspecified meaning, effectively ignoring the default (although it can take on the value of that default (doing so, simply, is just not necessary)); when no default is specified for the terbri in the definition, this word has the same meaning as {zo'e}. See also: {di'au}, {di'oi}, {zmico}.

di'ei'o'au [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical ternary operator: Dirichlet convolution (a*b)(c)
a,b are arithmetic functions, c is an integer (the output is defined for at least strictly positive integers c). (a*b)(c) is given by the sum (over all of the distinct ordered pairs (n,m) belonging to the Cartesian product of the set of all strictly positive integers with itself, such that n is not equal to m and such that nm = c (where adjacency represents typical multiplication of integers)) of a(n)b(m) (where adjacency represents typical pointwise multiplication).

di'i
TAhE
tense interval modifier: regularly; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense.

di'inai
TAhE*
tense interval modifier: irregularly/aperiodically; tense/modal; defaults as time tense.

di'o
BAI
diklo modal, 1st place in the location of ...

di'oi [experimental]
KOhA7
pro-sumti & sumyzmico: discourse-exterior default it
Explicitly and emphatically references the specified default value of the relevant terbri as given by "official" definitions (exterior to the discourse); this value ignores and is independent of any modifications made to the relevant default specification during the discourse. (zo'e, implicit or explicit, may do so as well, but the use of this word implies some degree of a more deliberate choice to follow the discourse-exterior default specification.) When a default is not specified by the definition of a word, this word is equivalent to completely general and elliptical {zo'e}. See also: {di'au}, {di'ei}, {zmico}.

di'u
KOhA2
pro-sumti: the last utterance.

do
-don-
-doi-
KOhA3
pro-sumti: you listener(s); identified by vocative.

do'a
UI3
discursive: generously - parsimoniously.
See also {dunda}.

do'ai [experimental]
DAhO
discursive & gafyzmico: ignore/kill all following default specifications (permanently)
Hereinafter, no terbri will have any default specification unless explicitly given one in the discourse or unless the "official" definition default value is referenced explicitly by the appropriate pro-sumti. See also: {dai'o}, {zmico}, {gafyzmico}, {da'o}.

do'anai
UI*3
discursive: generously - parsimoniously.

do'e
BAI
elliptical/unspecified modal.

do'ei [experimental]
KOhA7
impersonal pronoun; generic-you; generic-one; a generalized person
See {su'a}, {da'i}, {lo'e}, {do}, {da}, {zo'e}

doi
DOI
generic vocative marker; identifies intended listener; elidable after COI.

do'i
KOhA2
pro-sumti: elliptical/unspecified utterance variable.

doi'a [experimental]
DEhAU
gafyzmico: Reset all default specification of the immediately previous word to their respective discourse-external/official definition specifications for this instance/usage only.
Resets all defaults (default specifications) in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted {zo'e} and {di'au} that may fill the terbri of that word are predefined/specific in reference and do indeed necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-exterior/”official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default restoration (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so restored all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by {be} or {bei}; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. The restoration is only effective for the single occurrence/instant/usage of this word (the next use of the affected word will be implicitly accompanied by its terbri defaults, as defined elsewhere (by official definition or by other (permanent) modifications made to the word)). See also: {dau'a}, {de'oi}, {zmico}

doido'u
DOI*
generic vocative address to intended listener;.

doinai
DOI*
"anti-vocative": specifically denies that the referent is the intended listener.
*Note: Only accepted by experimental grammar* (u'u doinai la .djon.) = "Sorry, I wasn't talking to you, John". May also be used alone if the referent is obvious from context.

doi'oi [experimental]
COI
vocative: to the attention of, CC, carbon-copy(ing) ...
Used in order to alert a non-addressee party to an utterance.

do'o
KOhA3
pro-sumti: you the listener & others unspecified.

do'oi [experimental]
DOhOI
generic single-word generic vocative marker; identifies intended listener with a single, possibly non-Lojban word, delimited by pauses (in speech) or by whitespace (in writing).
The intent is that it is allowed everywhere in the grammar where DOI and COI are. See also {zo'oi}, {la'oi}, {me'oi}, {ra'oi}. Not similar to {co'oi}. Equivalent to {doi} {la'oi}.

do'u
DOhU
elidable terminator: end vocative (often elidable).

du
-dub-
-du'o-
GOhA
identity selbri; = sign; x_1 identically equals x_2, x_3, etc.; attached sumti refer to same thing.

du'a
FAhA1
location tense relation/direction; east of.

du'au [experimental]
LAhE
Text to bridi conversion
Roughly equivalent to just la'e, but precise about the type of the result. Inverse of {lu'au}.

du'e
PA4
digit/number: too many; subjective.

du'ei [experimental]
VUhU
mekso binary operator: left-handed vectorial cross product (ordered input), -a×b (if using right-hand convention)
Generally noncommutative; left-handed in three dimensions. See also: {za'ei}.

du'emei
MOI*
quantifier selbri: convert too many to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with too many members x_2.

du'eroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: too many times objective tense, defaults as time tense.

du'i
BAI
dunli modal, 1st place (equalled by) equally; as much as ...

du'o
BAI
djuno modal, 1st place (info source) authoritatively; according to ...; known by ...

du'oi [experimental]
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction (angular); clockwise from..., locally rightwards/to the right of ...
See also: {dutso}, {zu'au}

du'u
-dum-
NU
abstractor: predication/bridi abstractor; x_1 is predication [bridi] expressed in sentence x_2.

du'u bu
bu-letteral
BY*
the last sumti having a {du'u}-abstraction at its topmost level inside
See also {ka bu}, {ni bu}, {nu bu}

du'ukau
NU*
bridi abstractor: x_1 is the answer to the question x_2
Experimental cmavo compound. Equivalent to {du'u} with {kau} attached to all question words (e.g. {ma}, {mo}, {xo}) contained. See {preti}, {danfu}, {du'umrei}

dy
BY2
letteral for d.

e
A
logical connective: sumti afterthought and.

e'a
UI1
attitudinal: granting permission - prohibiting.
See also {curmi}.

e'anai
UI*1
attitudinal: permission - prohibition.

ebu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral for e.

e'e
UI1
attitudinal: competence - incompetence/inability.
See also {kakne}, {certu}.

e'enai
UI*1
attitudinal: competence - incompetence/inability.

ei
UI1
attitudinal: obligation - freedom.
See also {bilga}, {zifre}.

e'i
UI1
attitudinal: feeling constraint - independence - challenge/resistance against constraint.
See also {selri'u}, {seljimte}.

e'icu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: feeling constraint - independence - challenge/resistance against constraint.

ei'e [experimental]
UI1
irrealis attitudinal: competence (ja'ai) - incompetence (nai)
Meaning identical to the old meaning of {e'e}

ei'i [experimental]
UI1
irrealis attitudinal: constraint (ja'ai) - independence (cu'i) - resistance against constraint (nai)
Meaning identical to the old meaning of {e'i}

einai
UI*1
attitudinal: obligation - freedom.

e'inai
UI*1
attitudinal: feeling constraint - independence - challenge/resistance against constraint.

enai
A*
logical connective: sumti afterthought x but not y.

e'o
UI1
attitudinal: request - negative request.
See also {cpedu}, {pikci}.

e'onai
UI*1
attitudinal: request - negative request.

e'u
UI1
attitudinal: suggestion - abandon suggest - warning.
See also {stidi}, {kajde}.

e'ucu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: suggestion - abandon suggest - warning.

e'unai
UI*1
attitudinal: suggestion - abandon suggest - warning.

e'y [experimental]
BY
letteral for e.
Synonymous with the original CLL definition of .{ebu}.

fa
FA
sumti place tag: tag 1st sumti place.

fa'a
FAhA4
location tense relation/direction; arriving at/directly towards ...

fa'ai [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical ordered n-ary operator: (pointwise) functional left composition; °
Inputs must be appropriate functions; outputs a function; follow by {boi} in order to include arguments (producing a number). a_1 ° a_2 °…° a_n = a_1(a_2(…(a_n(•))…)). Replaces all of the inputs with a (possibly stripped, as appropriate) tuple; for replacing a single argument in a multivariate function with a function (either evaluated or not), use (partial) (e)valuation.

fa'au [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical unary operator: map notation
Input is unary: a function f; the output is an ordered tuple: (the domain set of f, the codomain set of f, the image of f, the mapping rule of f (defined with a dummy variable which is taken to belong to the the domain set of f), the graph/plot (set of input-output pairs) of f). Might be useful for lambda calculus, etc. Equip the output with {ma'o} in order to use as a/the function. Extract a term in the tuple in order to use it directly.

fa'e
BAI
fatne modal, 1st place backwards; reverse of ...

fai
FA
sumti place tag: tag a sumti moved out of numbered place structure; used in modal conversions.

fa'i
VUhU2
unary mathematical operator: reciprocal; multiplicative inverse; [1/a].

fai'a [experimental]
UI
translation marker - original/native version: marks a construct as having been translated and therefore particularly (possibly, but not necessarily) susceptible to the errors or limitations associated with translation (especially if the translator is unsure of the best result/option)
Might be useful for translations of idioms, songs, poetry, wordplay, political speeches, nuanced phrasings, (in stories) prophecies, riddles, rhymes, etc. Followed by members of selma'o CAI, the marker indicates the corresponding level of uncertainty in the best possible choice of translation according to the opinion/expectation/judgment of the speaker/translator. Also may indicate a cultural or linguistic gap. For Lojban especially, it might be useful when various ambiguities arise in the original text and the translator is forced to pick interpretations from among them.

fai'e'ai [experimental]
digit/number: the second Feigenbaum constant α = 2.502907875095892822283902873218...
See also: {fai'e'au}

fai'e'au [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: first Feigenbaum constant δ = 4.669 201 609 102 990 671 853 203 821 578(...).
See also: {fai'e'ai}

fai'u [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: phi, the "golden ratio" (approx. = 1.6180...); the ratio a/b such that it equals (a+b)/a

fai'u'a [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: the fine-structure constant α ≈ 7.2973525698(…)*10^{-3} ≈ 1/137.035999074

fa'o
FAhO
unconditional end of text; outside regular grammar; used for computer input.

fau
BAI
fasnu modal, 1st place (non-causal) in the event of ...

fa'u
JOI
non-logical connective: respectively; unmixed ordered distributed association.

fa'u'ai [experimental]
JOI
non-logical connective: antirespectively; unmixed but reverse ordered distributed association.
Works together with {fa'u}; given an ordering by {fa'u}, the terms connected by this word are (applied) in opposite order.

fau'au [experimental]
JAhOI
two-tier function map/assignment writer notation: X1 (ordered list, no repetitious terms) maps termwise-respectively to X2 (ordered list; may be repetitious but must have exactly as many terms as X1)
So named because, in mathematical notation, the domain set of the function is written down in some order in its entirety and then, below it, the range of the function is written so that each image and preimage line up vertically with their appropriate/respective partner. Really useful when mapping from a countable set/object that is either human-small or in which the pattern is clear. Occasionally used for a more explicit form of notation for permutations (in which cycle decomposition is not necessarily as evident, but the structure as a how is, at least, explicit). The ith term of X1 is mapped to the ith term of X2; there is no knowledge of what happens to any value that is not term of list X1. Useful for lambda calculus.

fau'e [experimental]
iterated function left-composition with self: f∘f∘...∘f, n times.
First argument must be a function(al) or some object f that can be left-composed with itself; second argument is a real number (usually nonnegative integer) n for which n compositions of f makes sense; the result is f left-composed with itself n times. This word is a shortcut for longer expressions. See also: {fa'ai}, {se'au}, {te'a}, {fe'a}.

fauroda
any way, under any events

fau'u [experimental]
COI
Forgive me!/I'm sorry!
cf. {fraxu}, {u'u}.

fe
FA
sumti place tag: tag 2nd sumti place.

fe'a
VUhU3
binary mathematical operator: nth root of; inverse power [a to the 1/b power].

fe'au'u [experimental]
VUhU3
mekso ternary operator: positive super-root; the bth super-root (inverse operator of hyper-operator with respect to base) of a of order c-2.
c must be nonnegative (and currently must also be an integer). See: {dei'au'o}, {te'au'u}, {de'au'u}

fe'e
FEhE
mark space interval distributive aspects; labels interval tense modifiers as location-oriented.

fe'eba'o
ZAhO*
location event contour tense: perfective in space; beyond the place of ...

fe'eca'o
ZAhO*
location event contour tense: continuative in space; throughout the place of ...

fe'eco'a
ZAhO*
location event contour tense: initiative in space; on this edge of ...

fe'eco'i
ZAhO*
location event contour tense: achievative in space; at the point of ...

fe'emo'u
ZAhO*
location event contour tense: completive in space; at the far end of ...

fe'enau
CUhE*
tense: right here; refers to current spatial reference absolutely
*Note: Not currently accepted by grammar parsers.* It may be desirable to separate the spatial and time senses of the word {nau}; this is one proposed solution. Alternative: {bu'u} {nau'u}. See {zva'ati}, {ca'abna}

fe'enoroi
ROI*
location tense interval modifier: never in space; objectively quantified tense.

fe'epu'o
ZAhO*
location event contour tense: anticipative in space; up to the edge of ...

fe'eroroi
ROI*
location tense interval modifier: always in space; objectively quantified tense.

fe'eza'o
ZAhO*
location event contour tense: superfective in space; continuing too far beyond ...

fei
PA2
digit/number: hex digit B (decimal 11) [eleven].
Experimental rafsi: -fel-

fe'i
VUhU1
n-ary mathematical operator: divided by; division operator; [(((a / b) / c) / ...)].
see also {dilcu}, {pi'i}

fei'i [experimental]
VUhU
mekso variable arity (at most ternary) operator: number of prime divisors of number A, counting with or without multiplicity according to the value B (1 or 0 respectively), in structure C
A may be a number in a generalized sense: anything living in a ring with primes. Units are not considered to be prime factors. B toggles the type of counting: If B=0, then the prime factors are counted without multiplicity (they are counted only uniquely, ignoring their exponents); if B=1, then multiple factors of the same prime are counted (the exponents of the prime factors are added together); no other option for the value of B is currently defined; B might have contextual/cultural/conventional defaults but the contextless default value is B=1. C specifies in which (algebraic) structure primehood/factoring is being considered/performed; it need not be specified if the context is clear.

fei'u [experimental]
KE
Prefix division by following unit selbri
Cf. {pi'ai}, {te'ai}, {fi'u}. Essentially attaches "te'ai ni'u pa" to all subsequent unit-selbri in the tanru. E.g. "pi'ai ki'otre fei'u cacra" = "pi'ai ki'otre cacra te'ai ni'u pa" = "kilometers per hour"; "pi'ai mitre fei'u snidu snidu" = meters per second per second. May even be used without pi'ai: "fei'u snidu" = reciprocal of the second / hertz

fe'o
COI
vocative: over and out (end discussion).

fe'u
FEhU
elidable terminator: end nonce conversion of selbri to modal; usually elidable.

fi
FA
sumti place tag: tag 3rd sumti place.

fi'a
FA
sumti place tag: place structure number/tag question.

fi'e
BAI
finti modal, 1st place (creator) created by ...

fi'i
COI
vocative: hospitality - inhospitality; you are welcome/ make yourself at home.

fi'i'e [experimental]
COI
Welcome to

fi'inai
COI*
vocative: hospitality - inhospitality.

fi'o
FIhO
convert selbri to nonce modal/sumti tag.

fi'oi [experimental]
FIhOI
Right-scoping adverbial clause: encloses a bridi and turns it into an adverbial term; the antecedent (ke'a) of the enclosed bridi stands for the outer bridi {lo su'u no'a ku} (the bridi in which this fi'oi term appears), including all the other adverbial terms (tags...) within this bridi located on the right of this fi'oi term (rightward scope).
Terminator: fi'au.

fi'u
PA3
digit/number: fraction slash; default "/n" => 1/n, "n/" => n/1, or "/" alone => golden ratio.
See also {fe'i}, {frinu}

fi'ure
PA*
half.
synonym {pimu}; see also {xadba}

fo
FA
sumti place tag: tag 4th sumti place.

fo'a
-fo'a-
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #6 (specified by goi).

fo'e
-fo'e-
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #7 (specified by goi).

foi
FOI
terminator: end composite lerfu; never elidable.

fo'i
-fo'i-
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #8 (specified by goi).

foi'e [experimental]
FOIhE
GOI attachment modifier: allows a cmavo of selma'o GOI (which must follow immediately) to be attached to a selbri
This word must (ignoring quotes, etc.) be preceded by a selbri (to which it immediately attaches, even in sumti) and must be followed by a member of selma'o GOI (ignoring erasure, etc.). All other semantics and syntax of the GOI construct remains the same, it just applies to the selbri immediately prior to this word, rather than a sumti. See also: {po'oi}.

fo'o
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #9 (specified by goi).

fo'u
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #10 (specified by goi).

fu
FA
sumti place tag: tag 5th sumti place.

fu'a
FUhA
reverse Polish mathematical expression (mex) operator flag.

fu'a'ai [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: first Foias' constant; the unique value of x_1 such that x_n -> ∞ as n -> ∞ for x_{n+1} = (1 + (1/( x_n )))^n; such x_1 = 1.187…
See also: {fu'a'au}

fu'a'au [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: second Foias constant; the value x for which (1/x)(1 + (1/x))^x=1 is true; ≈ 2.293…
See also: {fu'a'ai}

fu'au [experimental]
UI3
discursive: luckily - not pertaining to luck - unluckily.
Expresses fortune/misfortune of the speaker. Use {dai} to express fortune/misfortune of the listener. See also {funca}.

fu'e
FUhE
begin indicator long scope.

fu'ei [experimental]
FUhE
begin within-context quote.
Terminated by {fu'o}. Quoted text need not be grammatical on its own, but must be grammatical in context with the surrounding text.

fu'ei'a [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'a; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

fu'ei'e [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'e; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

fu'ei'i [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'i; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

fu'ei'o [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'o; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

fu'ei'u [experimental]
UI
discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'u; used generally in quotations.
Considered to have sa'a attached to it by default. Using sa'anai would cancel that effect. Used to quote dialogues.

fu'i
UI5
attitudinal modifier: easy - difficult.
See also {frili}.

fu'inai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: easy - difficult.

fu'o
FUhO
end indicator long scope; terminates scope of all active indicators.

fu'u
VUhU0
n-ary mathematical operator: elliptical/unspecified mathematical expression (mex) operator.

fy
BY2
letteral for f.

ga
GA
logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal or (with gi).

ga'a
BAI
zgana modal, 1st place to observer ... ; witnessed by ...

ga'au [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Euler–Mascheroni constant, usually denoted by lowercase gamma (γ); approximately 0.5772156649 (in decimal).
The difference in the limit as n becomes arbitrarily large between/of: the sum of (1/k) for all strictly positive integers k < (n+1), and the natural logarithm of n.

ga'e
BY1
upper-case letteral shift.

gai
PA2
digit/number: hex digit C (decimal 12) [twelve].
Experimental rafsi: -gam-

ga'i
UI5
attitudinal modifier/honorific: hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one of lower rank.
See also {gapru}, {cnita}.

ga'icu'i
UI*5
attitudinal modifier/honorific: hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one of equal rank.

gai'i [experimental]
BAI
zgadi/cadga modal; 1st place: with just/expected result ...; should/ought to result in ...
Not necessarily causal; may be hypothetical.

ga'inai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier/honorific: hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one of higher rank.

gai'o [experimental]
GOhA
pro-bridi: the empty predicate
See also: {zai'o} (pro-sumti; empty), {mai'i} (pro-sumti; universal), {cei'i} (pro-bridi; universal), {ctaipe}.

ganai
GA*
logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal conditional/only if (with gi).

ga'o
GAhO
closed interval bracket marker; mod. intervals in non-logical connectives; include boundaries.

gau
BAI
gasnu modal, 1st place agent/actor case tag with active agent ...

ga'u
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction; upwards/up from ...

ga'u'au [experimental]
GAhUhAU
mekso n-ary operator: append contravariant (upper) indices to tensor
Terminated by {te'oi'oi}. Takes ordered input (A, X_1, X_2, …, X_(n-1)), where A is a tensor and X_i is an index with an understood (or elsewhere defined) ordered domain. It appends/assigns X_i to be the ith contravariant index of A, which is usually designated as a superscript in the ith position to the right of A. See also: {ni'a'au}. It is probable that Einstein summation notation will be conventionally in effect.

gau'i'o [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Gauss' arithmetic-geometric mean of 1 and √(2) constant G ≈ .8346268…

ga'u re'o
FAhA2*
location tense relation / direction; upon ...
See also {cpana}.

ge
GA
logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal and (with gi).

ge'a
VUhU0
mathematical operator: null mathematical expression (mex) operator (used in >2-ary ops).

ge'ai [experimental]
ZOhU
metasyntactic variable prenex
Explicitly marks variables, e.g. ko'a ko'e, lerfu-strings, and/or brodV (must be converted into sumti using {me'ei}) as being metasyntactic: i.e. having no specific meaning or referent and merely used to demonstrate syntax or hypothetical scenarios. Automatically unassigns these variables from any previous assignment. e.g. (me'ei broda me'ei brode ko'a ko'e fo'a fo'e ge'ai). See {ge'ei}, {ce'ai}, {ke'au}, {zo'u}, {da'o}

ge'e
UI6
attitudinal: elliptical/unspecified/non-specific emotion; no particular feeling.

ge'ei [experimental]
UI3a
metasyntactic variable marker
Explicitly marks the preceding variable, e.g. ko'a ko'e, lerfu-strings, and/or {broda} series as being metasyntactic: i.e. having no specific meaning or referent and merely used to demonstrate syntax or hypothetical scenarios. Automatically unassigns the variable from any previous assignment. May also be used for pronouns like {mi} or {do} or {dei}. This is useful to refer to {mi} as a 'first-person pronoun' rather than the actual speaker themself, for example, when giving the definition of {mi'o}: '{mi} {ge'ei} {jo'u} {do} {ge'ei}', makes it clear that the speaker doesn't literally mean the speaker and the listener, but are using {mi} and {do} metasyntactically. Similarly, one might define {mi} as '{lo} {cusku} {be} {dei} {ge'ei}'. See {ge'ai}, {da'o}

gei
VUhU2
trinary mathematical operator: order of magnitude/value/base; [b * (c to the a power)].

ge'i
GA
logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal connective question (with gi).

gei'i'e [experimental]
JOIhI
mekso unary operator: converts a string of digits which includes {pi} to the same string of digits without {pi}; if {pi} is not present in the original/input string, the output is identical
Probably can be generalized to handle {pi'e} and distinguish macro- from micro-digits. Notice that it produces a string of digits; the meaning of this string must be established by processing through JUhU or the like. The input must also be a string of digits (not a number). Useful for certain algorithms, such as an nth root algorithm.

ge'o
BY1
shift letterals to Greek alphabet.

ge'u
GEhU
elidable terminator: end GOI relative phrases; usually elidable in non-complex phrases.

ge'u'i [experimental]
GEhUhI
elidable terminator for connective modifiers
Terminates {noi'i}.

gi
GI
logical connective: all but tanru-internal forethought connective medial marker.

gi'a
GIhA
logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought or.

gi'e
GIhA
logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought and.

gi'ei [experimental]
GIhEI
afterthought abstraction wrapper
Accepts 'gi'ei LE NU', 'gi'ei NU' (elided LE defaults to {lo}), or 'gi'ei LOhOI'. Wraps the bridi before it within an abstraction. e.g. 'mi klama le zarci gi'ei-le-nu cabna lo nu do klama' = 'le nu mi klama le zarci cu cabna lo nu do klama'. Also see {xoi}, {jai'i}. Grammar note: The {gi'ei}-group acts like a specialized {vau}, grabbing a single bridi. If you are in a sub-bridi of the bridi you wish to convert, you need to close the sub-bridi with {vau}, or use {i'au} to return to the top bridi of the sentence.

gi'enai
GIhA*
logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought x but not y.

gi'i
GIhA
logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought conn question.

gi'o
GIhA
logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if.

gi'onai
GIhA*
logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'.

gi'u
GIhA
logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought whether-or-not.

go
GA
logical connective: forethought all but tanru internal biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if(with gi).

go'a
GOhA
pro-bridi: repeats a recent bridi (usually not the last 2).

go'e
GOhA
pro-bridi: repeats the next to last bridi.

goi
GOI
sumti assignment; used to define/assign ko'a/fo'a series pro-sumti; Latin 'sive'.
Note: Directionality of assignment may be ambiguous. {ca'e} on the "toward" side may be used to disambiguate.

go'i
GOhA
pro-bridi: preceding bridi; in answer to a yes/no question, repeats the claim, meaning yes.

goi'e [experimental]
COI3
assign sentence or tu'e...tu'u group to sumti
Works like {cei'e}, but assigns the abstraction involving the associated sentence(s) to a sumti variable. E.g. (goi'e ko'a mi tavla do) assigns (lo su'u mi tavla do) to {ko'a}. Use {lu'e} on the assigned variable to refer to the text itself. See {goi}, {cei}

go'ira'o
GOhA*
pro-bridi: preceding bridi; repeats claim as true, updating for speaker/listener change.

gonai
GA*
logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal exclusive or (with gi); Latin 'aut'.

go'o
GOhA
pro-bridi: repeats a future bridi, normally the next one.

go'oi [experimental]
GOhOI
pro-bridi: quotes the next word and repeats the most recent bridi containing that word
The quoting rules are the same as {zo}.

go'o'i'a [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Goloumb-Dickman constant ≈ .6243…

go'u
GOhA
pro-bridi: repeats a remote past bridi.

gu
GA
logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal whether-or-not (with gi).

gu'a
GUhA
logical connective: tanru-internal forethought or (with gi).

gu'ai [experimental]
VUhU2
binary operator: left group action g.x
a.b = (a,b), where a is the group element and b is an element of the set. The type/description/label/name may be subscripted or denoted by function notation, as might be the group to which it belongs and/or the set upon which it acts (typically, the label should denote in the order: group, set, descriptor). See also: {ma'e'o}, {zi'a'o}, {ru'ei}

gu'anai
GUhA*
logical connective: tanru-internal forethought conditional/only if (with gi).

gu'au [experimental]
BAI
non-distributivity tag: as a mass
equivalent to {fi'o} {gunma}. {gu'au} {je} {fa} {lo} {tadni} {cu} {sruri} {lo} {dinju} is the same as {loi} {tadni} {cu} {sruri} {lo} {dinju}.

gu'au'i [experimental]
VUhU
mekso operator, variable arity - algebraic structure order of X1; OR: order of/(size of) period of element X1 in algebraic structure X2 under operator/of type X3
If applied to an algebraic structure (such as a group) it gives the order thereof (which, for a group, is the cardinality of the underlying set). If applied to an element of an algebraic structure, one has the options to specify the structure in which its order is being considered and/or the operator with respect to which its order is being considered (for example, in a given ring, an elements additive order is usually not its multiplicative order), although either of these made remain vague and be inferred from context; order is the smallest non-negative number of applications of the operator needed to be applied (in composition) to the original element in order for it to result in the identity element of the structure (thus, order is not always finite or even defined). See also: {mau'au}, {cu'a}.

gu'e
GUhA
logical connective: tanru-internal forethought and (with gi).

gu'i
GUhA
logical connective: tanru-internal forethought question (with gi).

gu'o
GUhA
logical connective: tanru-internal forethought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if (with gi).

gu'onai
GUhA*
logical connective: tanru-internal forethought exclusive or (with gi); Latin 'aut'.

gu'u
GUhA
logical connective: tanru-internal forethought whether-or-not (with gi).

gy
BY2
letteral for g.

i
I
sentence link/continuation; continuing sentences on same topic; normally elided for new speakers.

.i [experimental]
I
sentence link/continuation; continuing sentences on same topic; normally elided for new speakers.
= {i} . Added due to the habit of wrapping {.i} up as a link whenever discussing it.

ia
UI1
attitudinal: belief - skepticism - disbelief.
See also {krici}, {jinvi}.

i'a
UI1
attitudinal: acceptance - blame.
See also {nalna'e}, {nalpro}, {no'epro}, {nalzugjdi}.

iacu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: belief - skepticism - disbelief.

ianai
UI*1
attitudinal: belief - skepticism - disbelief.

i'anai
UI*1
attitudinal: acceptance - blame.

iau [experimental]
IhAU
reset bridi-level to zero
Shortened variant of {i'au}.

i'au [experimental]
IhAU
reset bridi-level to zero
Auto-inserts all necessary terminators to reset to the top-level bridi of the sentence (i.e. everything that {i} would insert except the last {vau}). This is useful if you have opened multiple NU/NOI subclauses, and just want to close them all to add more sumti, terms, or a {xoi} clause to the main bridi without using a bunch of terminators. // May also be used with UI-cmavo. UI-cmavo placed immediately after {i'au} would scope over the entire sentence. This is useful for attaching attitudinals as afterthoughts, without having to close the entire sentence manually with the right number of {vau}s. See {ji'au}, {fu'e}, {fu'o}.

ia'u [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: trust - lack of trust - distrust
Used to express trust (as in trustworthiness). Based on {lacri}.

ibu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral for i.

ie
UI1
attitudinal: agreement - disagreement.
See also {tugni}.

i'e
UI1
attitudinal: approval - non-approval - disapproval.
See also {zanru}.

i'ecu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: approval - non-approval - disapproval.

ie'i [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: disgust - attraction
Expresses disgust (loathing, revulsion). Based on {rigni}, its opposite is {trina} (attraction, liking). To be used instead of the "disgust"/repulsion of {a'unai} for any kind of disgust whose opposite is not {cinri}, but trina.

ienai
UI*1
attitudinal: agreement - disagreement.

i'enai
UI*1
attitudinal: approval - non-approval - disapproval.

ii
UI1
attitudinal: fear - security.
See also {terpa}, {snura}.

i'i
UI1
attitudinal: togetherness - privacy.
See also {kansa}, {gunma}, {sivni}, {sepli}.

iinai
UI*1
attitudinal: fear - security.

i'inai
UI*1
attitudinal: togetherness - privacy.

ija
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought or.

ijanai
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought: (preceding sentence) if this sentence.

ije
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought and.

ije'i
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought conn question.

ijenai
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought x but not y.

ijo
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if.

ijonai
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'.

iju
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought whether-or-not.

inaja
JA*
logical connective: sentence afterthought conditional/only if.

io
UI1
attitudinal: respect - disrespect.
See also {sinma}.

i'o
UI1
attitudinal: appreciation - envy.
See also {ckire}, {jilra}.

ionai
UI*1
attitudinal: respect - disrespect.

i'onai
UI*1
attitudinal: appreciation - envy.

iu
UI1
attitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred.
See also {prami}.

i'u
UI1
attitudinal: familiarity - mystery.
See also {slabu}, {nalni'o}, {kufra}.

iucu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred.

iunai
UI*1
attitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred.

i'unai
UI*1
attitudinal: familiarity - mystery.

iy [experimental]
BY
letteral for the i semi-vowel, sometimes written as ĭ

i'y [experimental]
BY
letteral for i.
Synonymous with the original CLL definition of .{ibu}.

iy'y [experimental]
BY
letteral for y
Synonymous with {ybu}. Formed by analogy with {a'y} et al., but {y'y} is already taken.

ja
-jav-
JA
logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought or.

ja'a
NA
bridi logical affirmer; scope is an entire bridi.

ja'ai [experimental]
NAI
affirm last word: attached to cmavo to affirm them; denies negation by nai whenever it is applicable.
Suggested by Mark Shoulson in 1999 as an affirmative of {nai}. By analogy with the pairs {na}/{ja'a}, {na'e}/{je'a}, and {na'i}/{jo'a}.

ja'aku
NAKU
(adverbial) bridi logical affirmer; "it is true that...."; affirms the bridi as well as any other adverbial or quantifier located on its right.
See also {naku}.

ja'aru'e
NA*
weak bridi affirmation; barely; almost not at all.

ja'e
BAI
jalge modal, 1st place resultingly; therefore result ...

ja'ei [experimental]
JAI
jai equivalent of la'e
tu'a:jai::la'e:ja'ei. So ko'a ja'ei broda equals la'e ko'a broda

ja'enai
BAI*
na'e jalge modal, 1st place (event causal); without result ...
Cf. {na'e} {jalge}

jai
-jax-
JAI
convert tense/modal (tagged) place to 1st place; 1st place moves to extra FA place (fai).

ja'i
BAI
javni modal, 1st place (by standard 1) orderly; by rule ...

jai'a [experimental]
JAIhA
grammatically converts LAhE to SE; semantically the result tags the x_1 of the selbri as being LAhE the supplied x_1. Can be converted to other than x_1 with SE.
Cf. {jai} in the TAG sense. Note that {jai} in the non-TAG sense is the same as jai'a tu'a. Example usage: lo tadni cu jai'a lu'o sruri lo dinju gi'e krixa <-> loi tadni cu sruri lo dinju gi'e jai'a lu'a krixa <-> loi tadni cu sruri lo dinju .ije lu'a lo go'i cu krixa

jaica
SE*
convert time tense (tagged) place to 1st place; 1st place moves to extra place (fai).

jaigau
SE*
makes x_1 the agent of a bridi; old 1st place moves to extra place (fai).

jai'i [experimental]
JAIhI
takes NU or LE NU, turns into sumtcita: clarifies the semantic NU-type of the current bridi.
'mi jai'i li'i klama lo zarci', 'jai'i li'i ku mi klama lo zarci', and 'mi klama lo zarci jai'i li'i' are all acceptable and equivalent. Implies '(zo'e) li'i mi klama lo zarci', but avoids wrapping the bridi in an abstraction that makes its sumti hard to access via {le} {go'i} etc. Tagged sumti, if present, fills the x_2 of the NU; e.g. 'jai'i li'i do mi klama lo zarci' implies 'fe do li'i mi klama lo zarci'

jaivi
SE*
convert location tense (tagged) place to 1st place; 1st place moves to extra place (fai).

ja'o
UI2
evidential: I conclude.
See also {selni'i}, {ni'ikri}.

ja'oi [experimental]
JAhOI
permutation cycle writer notation start
Basically like {jo'i}, but for cycles. Use {boi} in order to separate terms. Terminated by {tei'u}. In this notation, each term maps to the the subsequent term as read from left to right or heard in chronological order of utterance; the last term (immediately before {tei'u}) maps to the first term. The object constructed is a cyclic permutation, a group element. The singleton cycle is identity on that term. It can be applied to a single element among its terms or may left group act upon a set or structure, or an element if the application is not directly upon it (such as when the application is to an index or variable of that element). Permutations are composed when viewed from outside of their group structure and have the group operator act upon them when within that context. The transposition (1 2) is expressed as ' li ja'oi pa boi re tei'u '. See also: {tei'u}, {ma'o'e}, {gu'ai}, {ru'ei}, {fa'ai}.

jau
PA2
digit/number: hex digit D (decimal 13) [thirteen].
Experimental rafsi: -juz-

jau'au [experimental]
VUhU3
unary mathematical operator: length/number of components/terms of/in object/array/formal string/sequence/word/text in some alphabet/base/basis which includes each digit; number of digits/components/entries
For a numerical string, the number of digits are counted. For a tuple/vector/array/matrix/tensor, the number of entries/conponents is counted. Not literally the number of symbols used, but the number of meaningful "spots" occupied; for example "(1,0)" uses five characters, but its length is just 2 (for "1" and then "0"); this is due to the fact that formal representation may vary but the amount of information conveyed must remain constant. Note that digit strings are essentially considered to be vectors in the basis of powers of the base.

je
-jev-
-jve-
JA
logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought and.

je'a
NAhE
scalar affirmer; denies scalar negation: Indeed!.
See also: {ja'a}.

je'abo
NAhE+BO
negation sumti qualifier: that which indeed is.
Cf. {je'a}, {bo}, {na'ebo}, {no'ebo}, {to'ebo}.

je'ai [experimental]
NAhE
NAhE question.

je'au [experimental]
UI3
discursive: correcting/corrective/correction - inattentive/uncaring/neutral toward the presence of possible errors - permitting (known/likely/plausible) error/incompleteness/approximation

je'aucu'i
UI3*
discursive: correcting/corrective/correction - inattentive/uncaring/neutral toward the presence of possible errors - permitting (known/likely/plausible) errordiscursive: correcting/corrective/correction - inattentive/uncaring/neutral toward the presence of possible errors - permitting (known/likely/plausible) error/incompleteness/approximation
Potentially useful for academic/technical honesty.

je'aunai
UI3*
discursive: correcting/corrective/correction - inattentive/uncaring/neutral toward the presence of possible errors - permitting (known/likely/plausible) errordiscursive: correcting/corrective/correction - inattentive/uncaring/neutral toward the presence of possible errors - permitting (known/likely/plausible) error/incompleteness/approximation
Not quite lying since this construct alerts the audience in good faith to the presence of (known/plausible/likely) errors or "incomplete truths" in the utterance; the plausibility and pertinence of the presence of such errors is subject to the utterer's judgment, opinion, knowledge, philosphy, desire to draw attention to them at that stage in the discussion, belief, etc. - in other words, absolute Truth (such as in an existential sense external to the utterer) does not necessarily result in the utterance of this construct, even if errors may be present. Potentially useful for academic or technical honesty. "Error" may be rendered as "incompleteness of truth" or "approximation" in this context.

je'e
COI
vocative: roger (ack) - negative acknowledge; used to acknowledge offers and thanks.

je'enai
COI*
vocative: roger (ack) - negative acknowledge; I didn't hear you.

jei
-jez-
NU
abstractor: truth-value abstractor; x_1 is truth value of [bridi] under epistemology x_2.

je'i
JA
logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought conn question.

jei'u [experimental]
UI2
evidential: I intuit... / I suspect...
Contains no negative connotation. See {jijnu}, {jijyji'i}, {pe'i}

jenai
JA*
logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought x but not y.

je'o
BY1
shift letterals to Hebrew alphabet.

je'u
UI3
discursive: truth - falsity.
See also {jetnu}.

je'unai
UI*3
discursive: truth - falsity.

ji
A
logical connective: sumti afterthought connective question.

ji'a
UI3b
discursive: additionally.
See also {jmina}.

ji'asai
UI*3b
even
Used to indicate an intense additional case or intense additional cases. ex.) lo xagji cribe cu citka lo cinki ku ji'a sai (A hungry bear will eat even insects.)

ji'au [experimental]
TOIhE
attitudinal scope modifier: marks following attitudinal/UI-cluster as applying to the last lexical unit
Part of a proposal to redefine attitudinals/UI-clauses as being inherently ambiguous in scope; placing ji'au before the UI-clause (e.g. ji'au ui) will restore and emphasize the original functionality of UI-clauses attaching to the last lexical unit. See {i'au}, {toi'e}, {fu'e}, {fu'o}. Closable with {toi'o}.

ji'e
BAI
jimte modal, 1st place limitedly; up to limit ...

ji'e'ai [experimental]
VUhU
mekso unary operator: determinant, det(A)
A must be an n×n matrix, or a linear operator or a system of equations which can be represented as such.

ji'ei [experimental]
UI5
animate - inanimate
See also {jmive}.

ji'einai
UI*5
animate - inanimate
See also {ji'ei}, {jmive}.

ji'i
PA4
digit/number: approximately (default the typical value in this context) (number).

ji'ima'u
PA*
rounded up (appended after string of digits indicating a rounded value).

ji'ini'u
PA*
rounded down (appended after string of digits indicating a rounded value).

ji'i'u [experimental]
VUhU
mekso at-most-4-ary operator: a rounding function; ordered input list is (x,n,m,t) and the output is b^{(-t)} * round(b^t * x), with rounding preference n and where the fractional part of b^t * x being 1/2 causes the function to map b^t * x to the nearest integer of form 2Z+m, for base b and an integer Z determined by context
x must be a real number; n must be exactly one of exactly the following: -1, 0, 1; m must be 0 xor 1 if defined at all; t must be an integer if defined at all; the output is a real number. n does not have a contextless default value. m is defined iff n = 0; if m is undefined, then its slot is automatically and implicitly deleted from this word in that context (so the operator is at-most-3-ary and a third argument would fill the 't' slot under the condition that t is defined). If m is defined, then its contextless default value is m = 0. It first determines the base being used for interpretation of digit strings (determined by context or by explicit specification (JUhAU)) for x; this determination takes place even before inputs are accepted after x; let this base be represented by b throughout this description. If the base is not a positional system wherein each digit represents a corresponding multiple of a fixed natural number raised to the power of its position (as determined relative to the radix point) and wherein the overall number is the sum of these results/representands, then t is defined; if the base is sufficiently bad or unclear, then t is undefined; if t is undefined, then its slot is automatically and implicitly deleted from this word in that context (so the operator is at-most-3-ary and its input acceptance is terminated by the n or m slot, whichever one is later yet defined) and b = 1 for the purposes of this definition (but not for any digit-to-number interpretation/conversion!). If t is defined, then its contextless default value is t = 0. The rounding function, determined by n, is performed (b^{t})*x. If n = 1, then the rounding function is the ceiling function: (b^{t})*x is mapped to the least integer that is greater than or equal to it. If n = -1, then the rounding function is the floor function: (b^{t})*x is mapped to the greatest integer that is less than or equal to it. These integers are both determined by the ordering and metric. If n = 0, then the rounding function maps (b^{t})*x to the integer that minimizes the metric distance between itself and (b^{t})*x if a unique such integer exists (id est: (b^{t})*x is mapped to the nearest integer, where "nearest"-ness is determined according to the order and metric); if no such unique integer exists, then (b^{t})*x is mapped to the unique integer among these aforementioned options for which there exists an integer Z such that 2Z+m is the integer in question; if no unique such integer exists, then the function is undefined. Thus n = 0 produces the commonly used unbiased nearest-integer rounding function. In each of these cases, the output of the rounding function is then multiplied by b^(-t). Thus, it rounds at the tth digit, so to speak. The order on, and the operators and metric endowing, the metric space and field of all real numbers is determined by context or by explicit specification.

ji'o
BAI
jitro modal, 1st place (control) controlledly; under direction of ...

ji'o'e [experimental]
connective: elliptical/generic/vague
Like {zo'e} or {co'e}, but for connectives. The connectives referred to may be logical or non-logical; they take the form proper for the syntax/context (probably is best implemented using post-original CLL connective system modification such as the MAD proposal or the system developed by selpa'i); in standard original CLL usage, this would be the inter-tanru after-thought connective. Synonymous with but morphologically and phonotactically allowed version of .{y'i}.

ji'u
BAI
jicmu modal, 1st place (assumptions); given that ...; based on ...

jo
-jov-
JA
logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if.

jo'a
UI3a
discursive: metalinguistic affirmer.
See also {drani}.

jo'au [experimental]
COI3
change version/dialect of parser
{do'u} is the elidable terminator. The morphology and the grammar of cmevla/sumti/selbri following {jo'au} should conform to the version 134 of the page ``BPFK Section: PEG Morphology Algorithm'' on the website lojban.org and the official grammar so that a {jo'au} clause forms a free modifier compatible with every version/dialect of lojban parser: for example, ``jo'au jie bu'' and ``jo'au xy xi xei'' are not meaningful clauses. As a standard usage, {jo'au} clause appears at the very beginning of the whole text, just as the inverse of the usage of {fa'o}. The scope of the meaning of {jo'au} clause spans over the following part until the next {jo'au} clause appears. Optionally, if the first {jo'au} clause appears in the middle of a text, the meaning of it spans from the beginning of the text until the next {jo'au} clause appears. Examples of meaning: jo'au cylyly xi papipa (official yacc and jbofi'e http://www.lojban.org/jboski/ ); jo'au camxes (current peg http://camxes.lojban.org/ ); jo'au iocixes (zasni gerna of la xorxes https://skami2.iocikun.jp/lojban/zasniGerna , http://www.lojban.org/tiki/zasni+gerna ); jo'au zantufa xi nopipapa (zantufa version 0.11 http://guskant.github.io/gerna_cipra/zantufa-0.11.html ); jo'au ilmentufa xi renopavopi'epapapi'erevo (ilmentufa version 2014-11-24 http://mw.lojban.org/extensions/ilmentufa/camxes-exp.html , https://github.com/Ilmen-vodhr/ilmentufa ); jo'au fancylojban (fancylojban http://mw.lojban.org/lmw/fancylojban , http://mw.lojban.org/lmw/ce_ki_tau_jau .); jo'au gadganzu (gadri reinterpretation/reassignment proposal, http://mw.lojban.org/papri/zipcpi:_Yet_another_gadri_article ; no grammar changes, only semantic)

jo'aunai
COI*3
denial of dialect
Used to express that a {jo'au}-dialect is not currently being used. E.g. "jo'aunai {tcekitaujau}"

jo'au'o [experimental]
BY1
shift letterals to Lojban alphabet
What a "Lojban alphabet" constitutes is determined by culture/context. This shift returns letterals to their contextless default/natural form. (Part of a proposal to restrict definition of {lo'a} to strictly the Latin script.)

jo'e
-jom-
JOI
non-logical connective: union of sets.

jo'ei [experimental]
JOI
nonlogical connective: disjoint union

jo'ei'i [experimental]
JOI
nonlogical connective (and mekso operator) - symmetric difference of sets
'X1 jo'ei'i X2' is equivalent to 'X1 kei'i X2 jo'ei X2 kei'ibo X1'. Analogous to .{onai} (logical XOR).

joi
-jol-
-joi-
JOI
non-logical connective: mixed conjunction; "and" meaning "mixed together", forming a mass.

jo'i
JOhI
join mathematical expression (mex) operands into an array.

joi'au'a [experimental]
JOI
non-logical connective: to be in a (nontrivial) superposition of (states); mixture
Schrödinger's cat is not 'dead and alive' nor is it 'dead and alive'; so long as its wavefunction does not collapse, it is in a (linear) nontrivial superposition of the states 'dead' and 'alive'. In a sense, it is in both but also neither. Likewise, someone travelling northwestward is not travelling (due) northward AND (due) westward, nor are they travelling (due) northward OR (due) westward; they are travelling a mixture of both. It can also be used for answering "yes"/"no" questions; it may or may noy be helpful in this role, but it is distinct from an elliptical or non-definitive answer. Waves especially work well with superpositions. The only decent way to denote this concept in English without resorting to long-winded roundabout descriptions is '+'.

joibu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral: ampersand character; especially used in standing for a mixed connective.

joi'i [experimental]
VUhU
mekso string operator (n-ary): formal left-concatenation; X_1+X_2+X_3+..., where X_i is a string/word/text
Generally noncommutative. The result is a single string written over the alphabet that is the union of each of the alphabets of the X_i's. "ABC"+"DEF"+"GHI" = "ABCDEFGHI". See {konkatena}.

jonai
JA*
logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'.

jo'o
BY1
shift letterals to Arabic alphabet.

jo'u
-jo'u-
JOI
non-logical connective: in common with; along with (unmixed).

ju
-juv-
JA
logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought whether-or-not.

ju'a
UI2
evidential: I state - (default) elliptical/non-specific basis.
See also {xusra}.

ju'acu'i
UI*2
evidential: I say without asserting; "supposedly… / allegedly…"
Used to describe something as others describe it or as convenient, but without asserting that the description is accurate or correct. Something like English "so-called", but without necessarily implying sarcasm ({xo'o}). See {ju'a}, {iacu'i}

ju'ai [experimental]
MAI
Default number radix modifier: changes the value of the default radix assumed for any numeral lacking an explicit radix within the following text, until another {ju'ai} appears.
By default, the number radix is deduced from context; it is always possible to restore a context-dependent default with {xo'e ju'ai} or {no'o ju'ai}. {pa no ju'ai} isn't a good usage because {pa no}'s interpretation depends on the current default radix; {dau ju'ai} should be preferred. For setting hexadecimal as the default, you may use {bi pi'i re ju'ai}.

ju'aku'i
UI*
evidential: although, even though, while, whilst

ju'anai
UI*2
evidential: I say without asserting; "supposedly… / allegedly…"
Used to describe something as others describe it or as convenient, but without asserting that the description is accurate or correct. Something like English "so-called", but without necessarily implying sarcasm ({xo'o}). See {ju'a}, {iacu'i}

ju'au [experimental]
JUhAU
semi-mathematical binary operator: named number base operator/interpreter
Follows a number and is followed by a sumti string (introduced with appropriate gadri, multiple sumti strung together via connectives); scope terminates with the end of the sumti and/or with {ke'e'au}. The construct as a whole syntactically functions as a parenthetical so that mekso may be resumed immediately thereafter without any difficulty. This word attaches to/affects the immediately preceding macrodigit string extending from the last evaluated number, number operation, etc. or bracket to/until this word. The preceding number is semantically interpreted according to the description to which the following sumti refers. If a sequence is supplied as the following sumti, the preceding number is interpreted so that each digit, starting from the left (default: see next), is understood as a multiple of the corresponding value in the sequence under the ordering given (which may produce an invalid/ill-formed result; the placement of {pi} matters as well). If a single number is submitted (such as "li {dau}"), this word acts as {ju'u}; the number is interpreted according to the rules of mekso and is its own island for such interpretation (thus {ju'u} is needed to override a cultural/grammatical default interpretation, such as decimal, even if this is done within the mekso expression outside of and including the scope of this word). In this way, the sumti being (10^n)_n, which is a sequence, is the same as the sumti being just 10, but is very different from it being the sequence (10)_n. The original default for numeral-position/string reading/interpretation is from left-to-right, where a digit on the left in a pair of digits represents that multiple of a "later" term in the sequence as compared to right member of the pair; thus "23" in decimal means (2*(10^1)) + (3*(10^0)), which is twenty-three. This default may be overridden via specification of the sequence (either its ordering, its domain being negated, or alteration to the base); alternatively, and perhaps more easily, the appearance of "la'e zoi jbo. ri'u bi'o zu'a .jbo" will always reverse it (this is a special input value with interpretation defined by this grammar); when reversed, "23" in decimal means (2*(10^0)) + (3*(10^1)), which is to say thirty-two. Generally, this word overrides the default interpretation of a string of microdigits when computing the value of a macrodigit (see: {ju'u'i}). See also: {ju'u}, {ju'u'i}, {pi'e}.

ju'e
JOI
vague non-logical connective: analogous to plain ".i".

ju'ei [experimental]
JUhEI
Tight scope bridi separator; analogous to {.i} without ending the abstractor or relative clause.
"nu broda ju'ei brode" is equivalent to "nu ju'e gi broda gi brode". Similarly "ko'a noi broda ju'ei brode" is equivalent to "ko'a noi ju'e gi broda gi brode".

ju'i
COI
vocative: attention - at ease - ignore me.

ju'icu'i
COI*
vocative: attention - at ease - ignore me.

ju'inai
COI*
vocative: attention - at ease - ignore me.

ju'o
UI5
attitudinal modifier: certainty - uncertainty - impossibility.
See also {birti}, {cumki}.

ju'ocai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: intense certainty.

ju'ocu'i
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: certainty - uncertainty - impossibility.

ju'oi [experimental]
UI2
evidential: I know that...
May also be used to say you know the answer to a question asked to you, or an indirect question ({kau}) you had tagged. See {ju'oinai}, {djuno}, {ju'o}

ju'oinai
UI*2
evidential: I don't know that...
May be used to say you don't know the answer to a question asked to you, or an indirect question ({kau}) you had tagged. See {ju'oi}, {djuno}, {ju'o}

ju'onai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: certainty - uncertainty - impossibility.

ju'opei
UI*6
attitudinal: certainty question.

ju'u
VUhU2
binary mathematical operator: number base; [a interpreted in the base b].

ju'u'i [experimental]
JUhUhI
long-digit interpretation specifier; macrodigit named base specifier
When a string of multiple digits is on either side of {pi'e}, the string is to be interpreted as a single "macrodigit" in the longer numeric string; let the digits that compose it be called "microdigits" for clarity. By default, the macrodigit is interpreted as being written/expressed in some cultural or grammatical default (this default is overridden by {ju'au} if its specifying sumti requires an alternative interpretation for the value of the macrodigits), probably decimal- the interpretation of the string of microdigits produces a number, x; the "{pi'e}" implies the denominator to be used in determining the fraction for which x is in the numerator and context or possibly a specified base determines its value- in timekeeping, the interpretation is typically x/60 for certain macrodigits. However, the default for determining the value of x given a string of microdigits might be useful to override (for example, Tsohnai uses an overall factorial base but each macrodigit is written in balanced quinary); this word specifies the base used for interpreting the macrodigit from a string of microdigits. It is placed at the end of the string (possibly before the next "{pi'e}") and its scope of effect extends from there, through the string of microdigits, to either the beginning of the number as a whole or the most recent "{pi'e}" (whichsoever was more recently uttered). It is to be followed by a sumti (or multiple sumti strung together by connectives) and has its scope of specification terminate with that sumti; in this regard, it works syntactically and semantically exactly like {ju'au}. In fact, {ju'au} can be used outside of the number in order to specify the macrodigit interpretation instead of this word (for example, if its sumti were la .tsonais., this word would not be needed); however, if only a sequence were to have been given as the argument of {ju'au} (such as the factorial sequence) and if some base other than decimal were desired for the interpretation of each macrodigit from the string of microdigits, then this word would be used. If only one macrodigit appears in the number, then this word is equivalent to {ju'au}. In short, the scope of this word is one contiguous string of microdigits, and it influences their interpretation into a macrodigit value in the same way that {ju'au} does. However, if both {ju'au} and this word specify how to interpret a given string of microdigits in the same number (composed of macrodigits), this word overrides the interpretation specified by {ju'au} (but only for this macrodigit); thus, for example, a Tsohnai number can have each of its macrodigits be interpreted in balanced quinary except one, which the speaker specifies via this word, because they know the value but did not want to convert it to balanced quinary (because it may be too large or hard to do so easily), so they instead expressed it in decimal.

jy
BY2
letteral for j.

ka
-kam-
NU
abstractor: property/quality abstractor (-ness); x_1 is quality/property exhibited by [bridi].

ka'a
BAI
klama modal, 1st place gone to by ...

ka'ai [experimental]
BAI
kansa modal, 1 place; with .../with a companion ...
See also {kansa}

ka'au [experimental]
VUhU3
mekso unary operator: cardinality (#, | |)
Usually should be reserved for use on sets; if applied to group, it is the cardinality of the underlying set (Which is the order of the group)- but it should probably not be applied to an element of a group. Application to a graph is ambiguous: is it the number of vertices or edges, or both, or neither, (if it defined at all)? For a set, each unique heretofore not counted element increments the running subtotal by 1 if the set is countable (small infinite or finite). See: {cu'a}, {zilkancu}, {nilzilcmi}, {gu'au'i}.

ka bu
bu-letteral
the last sumti having a {ka}-abstraction at its topmost level inside
See also {nu bu}, {ni bu}, {du'u bu}

ka'e
CAhA
modal aspect: innate capability; possibly unrealized.

ka'ei [experimental]
NU
abstractor: predicate abstractor. x_1 is the predicate expressed by [bridi], using bo'a, bo'e, etc for variables.
Identical in meaning to an n-ary {ka}, but with lambda-variables bound to {bo'a}/{bo'e}/{bo'i}/{bo'o}/{bo'u} ({bo'ai} for additional variables) instead of {ce'u} (which may still be used for "next place"). This is mainly for convenience, to avoid having to assign pro-sumti to {ce'u} variables either with {goi} or {ce'ai}. See {me'ei}, {me'au}, {cei'e}, {ckaji}, {ckini}

ka'ei'a [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Conway's look-and-say constant λ ≈ 1.303577269…
Especially important for Lojban. Assumes decimal counting(?); therefore, not entirely culturally neutral or mathematically important, but it makes sense in the context of typical Lojban.

ka'enai
CAhA*
modal aspect: impossible to be realized
See also {nu'o}

kai
BAI
ckaji modal, 1st place characterizing ...

ka'i
BAI
krati modal, 1st place represented by ...

kai'a [experimental]
UI2
evidential: by definition... / essentialistically...
Differs from {ca'e}, in that rather than defining something to be true, this gives an opinion on an existing definition or essential characteristic. See {kairpau}.

kai'e [experimental]
UI2
evidential: I expect - I deny expecting
See {kanpe}, {lai'i}, {vei'i}. Split from {ba'a} so that it can be properly negated with {nai} or questioned with {pei}

kai'ei [experimental]
NU
abstractor: x_1 (x_2, ...) are such that they satisfy [bridi], using bo'a/bo'e/etc for variables
{kai'ei} is to {kai'u} what {ka'ei} is to {ka}. Uses {bo'a}/{bo'e}/{bo'i}/{bo'o}/{bo'u} ({bo'ai} for more variables) instead of {ce'u} (which may still be used for "next place").

kai'o [experimental]
PA5
quaternion i
Works like {ka'o} (as a comma) and is isomorphic to (and might even be considered identical to/equivalent with) it. See also: {ka'o}, {kei'o}, {koi'o}, {kau'o}.

kai'u [experimental]
NU
abstractor: x_1 (x_2, ...) are such that they satisfy [bridi], binding to the open {ce'u} slots.
See also {me'au}, {emna}, {ka} and {ce'u}

ka'o
PA5
digit/number: imaginary i; square root of -1.
See also: {kau'o}, {ka'o'ai}, {ka'o'ei}.

ka'o'ai [experimental]
PA5
imaginary i (non-comma)
This is literally a unit, a pure number that is treated as a scalar; it is what happens when considering C to be a field over C - ordered pairs/tuples for coordinates no longer make much sense. Thus, this number operates exactly as one might think i would/should operate: as a single number, without components. In certain bases, it can be used a pure digit (which simplifies some potential numeric strings, compared to the usage of {ka'o} therein). See also: {ka'o}

ka'o'ei [experimental]
imaginary i, comma - spherical coordinates: first coordinate gives magnitude (complex modulus/radius) of the number, the second number gives the angle from the positive real axis measured counterclockwise (default: in the primary branch/Arg) as measured in some units (which that number should contain; the contextless default will suppose radians); the angle is not normalized
The number (r, x) = r*e^(i x). The angle x is (by default) measured in radians and is not normalized (contains no hidden/inherent multiples of pi). See also: {te'o}, {ka'o}.

kau
UI3a
discursive: marks word serving as focus of indirect question: "I know WHO went to the store".

ka'u
UI2
evidential: I know by cultural means (myth or custom).
See also {kluju'o}.

kau'a [experimental]
KOhA1
pro-sumti: strong-memory something1/eidetic da/elephant thing1 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
The meaning is the same as {da} and it functions the same way except that any assignment/qualification placed upon it (except for quantification) is semantically retained throughout a discourse until {da'o} is uttered; it acts as though the scope (except for quantification that occurs outside of a POI-clause) of all previous usages are arbitrarily long, terminated only by {da'o} or the end of the discourse. User beware: usage is tricky. See also: {kau'e}, {kau'i}, {da'au}, {da}.

kau'e [experimental]
KOhA1
pro-sumti: strong-memory something2/eidetic de/elephant thing2 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
The meaning is the same as {de} and it functions the same way except that any assignment/qualification placed upon it (except for quantification) is semantically retained throughout a discourse until {da'o} is uttered; it acts as though the scope (except for quantification that occurs outside of a POI-clause) of all previous usages are arbitrarily long, terminated only by {da'o} or the end of the discourse. User beware: usage is tricky. See also: {kau'a}, {kau'i}, {da'au}, {de}.

kau'i [experimental]
KOhA1
pro-sumti: strong-memory something3/eidetic di/elephant thing3 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
The meaning is the same as {di} and it functions the same way except that any assignment/qualification placed upon it (except for quantification) is semantically retained throughout a discourse until {da'o} is uttered; it acts as though the scope (except for quantification that occurs outside of a POI-clause) of all previous usages are arbitrarily long, terminated only by {da'o} or the end of the discourse. User beware: usage is tricky. See also: {kau'a}, {kau'e}, {da'au}, {di}.

kau'o [experimental]
PA5
generic algebra unit e_n
The structure/space in which it is being considered should be specified. Subscripts are expected. Used for octonions, sedenions, etc. Can also be used for R, C, or H. Works like {ka'o} (as a comma) and is isomorphic to it. See also: {ka'o}, {kai'o}, {kei'o}, {koi'o}.

ke
-kem-
KE
start grouping of tanru, etc; ... type of ... ; overrides normal tanru left grouping.
Cf. {ke'e}, {bo}.

ke'a
KOhA7
pro-sumti: relativized sumti (object of relative clause).

ke'ai [experimental]
KEhAI
Toggles to no grouping
rafsi -ked- The grouping of gismu/rafsi is left ambiguous. So with a statement like: ke'ai melbi cmalu nixli ckule or kedmlecmaxlicu'e it is unclear whether this is referring to a (((pretty little)girls)school), (pretty(little(girls(school))), etc. Overridden by ke'ei or ke'ei'a. (Applies only to next selbri.)

ke'au [experimental]
ZOhU
relative clause prenex: assigns a variable to the object of the relative clause
Works like {ce'ai}, but binds to {ke'a} rather than {ce'u}. lo broda poi ko'a ke'au brode ko'a = lo broda poi ke'a goi ko'a zo'u brode ko'a

ke'e
-kep-
-ke'e-
KEhE
elidable terminator: end of tanru left grouping override (usually elidable).

ke'e'au [experimental]
KEhEhAU
terminates a JUhAU expression
Closes the right-hand (sumti-filling) scope of words belonging to selma'o JUhAU.

ke'ei [experimental]
KEhEI
Toggles to right grouping of tanru/lujvo.
rafsi -keb- "ke'ei'a" toggles back to left grouping. (Applies only to next selbri.)

ke'ei'a [experimental]
KEhEIhA
Toggles to left grouping of tanru.
rafsi -kex- Toggles back to left grouping after ke'ei toggles right grouping or ke'ai toggles to no grouping.

ke'e'u [experimental]
KEhEhU
Locks tanru modification order reversal (does not affect lujvo). {ke'e'unai} restores regular order
Makes all tanru in the following text "selskiski"/"military-style": i.e. {tertau} come *before* {seltau}. This essentially puts {ke'oi} before every tanru. // This is an experimental cmavo in the truest sense of the word, used to test out "what if" Lojban chose "noun-adjective" order, which does have several advantages (chief of them being that the selbri-unit that describes the subject is uttered first), despite being unusual for English speakers.

kei
-kez-
KEI
elidable terminator: end abstraction bridi (often elidable).

ke'i
GAhO
open interval bracket marker; modifies intervals in non-logical connectives; exclude boundaries.

kei'ai [experimental]
PEhO
mekso style converter: elementwise application of operator
Prefixed to an operator/function that operates on numbers, thereby transforming it to a set operator (thus its arguments must be sets where before they were numbers), as defined in a given structure. Produces the set of all numbers that are given by some ordered pair of elements (the nth term of which belongs to the nth set specified) with the operator acting on them (per the rules of that operator). The set produced may include empty terms and/or infinity. Let "✦" represent the operator; then X_1 kei'ai ✦ X_2 boi X_3 boi X_4 = Set(x_1✦x_2✦x_3✦x_4: x_i in X_i). See also {kei'au} for a similar but different word.

kei'au [experimental]
KEIhAU
mekso operator: finite result set derived from/on set A with/due to operator/function B under ordering of application C
Equivalent to: lo'i li zy du ca'e li pe'o se'au mau'au B zai'ai vei ma'o xy boi ny ve'o boi tau sy boi C ku poi ke'a cmaci xanri zi'e poi ke'a mleca li ci'i zo'u tau sy klesi A. Acts on an operator/function (B) and produces all finite results of that operator being used on any allowable number of elements of the set A without repetition within any given application; the results cannot be used as operands unless they are in A, but they are still in the result set. In order to overcome this limitation, iteration can be used (else, this definition may need to be modified). The result must be defined (and finite, obviously). Application of the operator on nothing (the elements of the empty set) is generically allowed and follows convention (for example, an empty sum may evaluate to 0). Differs from {kei'ai}. Use {mau'au} and {zai'ai} for quoting B. C will be specified explicitly (possibly elsewhere) and/or via {zoi'ai}.

kei'i [experimental]
KEIhI
non-logical connective/mekso operator - variable arity: X1 \\ X2
Ordered: 'x1 kei'i x2' is not generally the same as/equivalent to 'x2 kei'i x1'. If X1 is not explicitly specified, it is taken to be some universal set in the discourse (of which all other mentioned sets are subsets, at the least); in this case, the word operates more as the set (absolute) complement. When X1 is specified, it represents the set relative complement. Somewhat analogous to logical NOT (just as intersection is analogous to logical AND, union is analogous to logical AND-OR). The preferred description/name in English is "set (theoretic) exclusion".

kei'o [experimental]
PA5
quaternion j
Works like {ka'o} (as a comma) and is isomorphic to it. See also: {ka'o}, {kai'o}, {koi'o}, {kau'o}.

ke'o
COI
vocative: please repeat.

ke'oi [experimental]
KE
reverses modification order of contained tanru (does not affect lujvo).
Marks a "selskiski"/"military-style"/"noun-adjective" tanru, i.e. {tertau} come *before* {seltau}. This differs from {co} in that it does not affect the place structure of the sumti to the right; i.e. in {mi ke'oi broda brode do} (= {mi brode broda do}), both {mi} and {do} are arguments of {broda}. Default grouping is still left: {lo ke'oi ckule nixli cmalu melbi} resolves to {lo ke'oi (((ckule nixli) cmalu) melbi)}, which is equivalent to {lo melbi ke cmalu ke nixli ckule}. {co} does not (re-)reverse the order of tanru-modification; it only changes place structure. See {ke'e'u}.

ke'u
UI3
discursive: repeating - continuing.
See also {refbasna}, {krefu}, {rapli}, {velde'a}.

ke'u'i [experimental]
KEhUhI
accepts number (n) after: repeat last sumti up to n times
"lo pa plise (ku) ke'u'i ci" = "lo pa plise (ku) lo pa plise (ku) lo pa plise (ku)". Mostly for mathematical brivla, e.g. {konkatena}, {lairsume}, {sumji} (proposed to accept arbitrary number of places).

ke'unai
UI*3
discursive: repeating - continuing.

ki
KI
tense/modal: set/use tense default; establishes new open scope space/time/modal reference base.

ki'a
UI6
attitudinal question: confusion about something said.
See also {cfipu}, {kucli}.

ki'a'au'u'au'i [experimental]
UI6
attitudinal question: metalinguistic confusion caused by too many experimental cmavo
See {ki'a}, {ci'au'u'au'i}

ki'ai [experimental]
COI2
Converts following selbri, cmevla, or zoi-quote into a nonce interjection/attitudinal.
See {sa'ei}, {ci'oi}, {tai'i}. From {krixa}

ki'anai
UI*6
non-question: understanding of something said.

ki'e
COI
vocative: thanks - no thanks to you.

ki'enai
COI*
vocative: thanks - no thanks to you.

ki'i
BAI
ckini modal, 1st place (related to) relatively; as a relation of ...

ki'o
PA3
digit/number: number comma; thousands.

ki'oi [experimental]
BAI
se kibzva modal, 1st place: at website/Internet resource...
Alternative to the common metaphoric use of {bu'u}. See {kibzva}, {kibystu}, {kibro}

ki'u
BAI
krinu modal, 1st place (justified by) justifiably; because of reason ...

ki'u ma
BAI*
sumti question asking for a rational explanation/justification; why?.

ki'unai
BAI*
na'e krinu modal, 1st place; regardless of

ko
KOhA3
pro-sumti: you (imperative); make it true for you, the listener.

ko'a
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #1 (specified by goi).

ko'au [experimental]
BAI
kosmu modal, 1st place with purpose...
See {seko'au}, {kosmu}, {tezu'e}, {tepi'o}, {tefi'e}, {ki'u}

ko'e
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #2 (specified by goi).

koi
BAI
korbi modal, 1st place (bordered by) bounded by ...

ko'i
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #3 (specified by goi).

koi'e [experimental]
TOIhE
UI-cmavo parenthesis/separator: start grouping
This word is intended to "separate" cmavo in a UI-clause; it can separate the UI-cmavo a {toi'e} parenthetical will attach to. For example, in (iuro'o toi'e uinai), (uinai) would attach to (iuro'o), while in (iu koi'e ro'o toi'e uinai), (uinai) would attach only to (ro'o). /It can also override the normal "priority order" of how attitudinal-modifiers like {ro'a} and {dai} affect each other; this order is currently ill-defined, however. /Elidable terminator: {toi'o}

koi'o [experimental]
PA5
quaternion k
Works like {ka'o} (as a comma) and is isomorphic to it. See also: {ka'o}, {kai'o}, {kei'o}, {kau'o}.

ko'o
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #4 (specified by goi).

ko'oi [experimental]
UI6
discursive: imperative/hortative
``{ko}'' is a short form of ''{do} {ko'oi}''; broader term than {au}, {a'o}, {e'o}, {e'u}, {e'a}, {ei}; {minde}, {cpedu}, {curmi}, {pacna}, {stidi}, {djica}, {bilga}

ko'u
KOhA4
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #5 (specified by goi).

ku
KU
elidable terminator: end description, modal, or negator sumti; often elidable.

ku'a
-kuz-
JOI
non-logical connective: intersection of sets.

ku'au [experimental]
KUhAU
elidable terminator: end of LOhOI construct

ku'au'a [experimental]
VUhU
mekso (n+1)-ary operator: q-analog converter - the ath analog of b (quoted operator) applied to operands c, d, ...
Quote operator b with {mau'au} (and terminate it). The result is the q-analog of that operator (defined according to context if necessary), where q=a, which is then applied to operands of b in order (as defined for b).

ku'e
KUhE
elidable terminator: end mathematical (mex) forethought (Polish) expression; often elidable.

ku'i
UI3b
discursive: however/but/in contrast.
See also {karbi}, {dukti}, {nalpanra}.

ku'inai
UI*3b
discursive: in accordance with it; as expected
Used in order to draw conclusions in accordance with those statements which were said/uttered previously, as opposed to {ku'i} - 'in contrast'

ku'o
KUhO
elidable terminator: end NOI relative clause; always elidable, but preferred in complex clauses.

ku'oi'u [experimental]
KUhOIhU
closing bracket/terminator for mekso expression interpretation modifiers
Acts as closing for {boi'au}, {boi'ai}, {boi'oi}.

ku'u
BAI
kulnu modal, 1st place in culture ...

ky
BY2
letteral for k.

ky.bu
bu-letteral
BY*
Letteral: “q” character
See https://lojban.github.io/cll/17/5/

la
LA
name descriptor: the one(s) called ... ; takes name or selbri description.

la'a
UI3
discursive: probability - improbability.
See also {lakne}.

la'acu'i
UI*5
discursive: probability - possibility - improbability.

la'ai [experimental]
LOhU
otherwise lojbanic name, ending in a vowel; multiple names delimited by pauses.
Can be used to quote name(s) ending in consonants as well. See also {lai'e} of LAhE, {la'au} of LU and {la'o} of ZOI for naming cmavo.

la'anai
UI*3
discursive: probability - improbability.

la'au [experimental]
LU
start grammatical name quotation; the quoted text is an identifier and must be grammatical on its own.
Used to make more complex names where simple {la} doesn't apply, e.g. some book/song titles. Artibrary non-lojban text can be quoted with {la'o}. See also {lai'e} of LAhE, {la'ai} of LOhU and {la'o} of ZOI for naming cmavo.

la'e
LAhE
the referent of (indirect pointer); uses the referent of a sumti as the desired sumti.

la'e'au [experimental]
LAhE
the specific referent of [following sumti] defined/specified by the grammar
The grammar in question can itself be specified by metalinguistic tags that apply to the utterance; if not explicitly specified, then a cultural assumption/default is applied. This word is useful for distinguishing between, for example, differentiating between something that the speaker happens to call "PEMDAS" and the order of operations PEMDAS (which, presumably, could be included in the grammar as a special word that influences mekso interpretation); likewise for a font that happens to be called ".{mekrot}." ("math blackboard bold") and the one that definitely refers to the set of characters used for, among other purposes, set notation.

la'edi'u
KOhA*
pro-sumti: the referent of the last utterance; the state described: "IT was fun".

la'ei [experimental]
LA
combines LA with DOI
used to address someone in the 2nd person by name and use that as a sumti at the same time, that is: {do} {doi} {la} {broda} is equivalent to la'ei {broda}

lai
LA
name descriptor: the mass of individual(s) named ... ; takes name or selbri description.

la'i
LA
name descriptor: the set of those named ... ; takes name or selbri description.

lai'e [experimental]
LAhE
Named reference. It converts a sumti into another sumti. The converted sumti points to the referent the name of which is the referent of the unconverted sumti.
``lai'e ko'a''=``zo'e noi se cmene ko'a''. {lai'e} is a cmavo of LAhE, and followed by any sumti including ``lo se du'u BRIDI'', ``zo...'', ``lu...li'u'', ``lo'u...le'u'' or ``zoi...'', used with an elidable terminater {lu'u}. For example, ``lai'e lo se du'u ti brife doi la betis'' refers to something the name of which is a text in a language that means ``ti brife doi la betis'', while ``la'e lo se du'u ti brife doi la betis'' refers to the same as ``lo du'u ti brife doi la betis''. The syntax of sumti following {lai'e} is analysed by the parser, while the syntax of strings following {la'ai} or {la'o} is ignored. In the cases that {lai'e} is followed by {lu}, {lo'u} or {zoi}, the referent is the same as that of sumti formed by {la'au}, {la'ai} or {la'o} respectively: ``lai'e lu ti brife doi la betis li'u (lu'u)''=``la'au ti brife doi la betis li'u''; ``lai'e lo'u se ly van beti le'u (lu'u)''=``la'ai se ly van beti le'u''; ``lai'e zoi zoi C'est le vent, Betty zoi (lu'u)''=``la'o zoi C'est le vent, Betty zoi''. See also {la'e}, {la}, {la'o}, {la'ai}, {la'au}; {lu'u}; {cmene}.

lai'i [experimental]
UI2
evidential: I experience - I deny experiencing
See {lifri}, {kai'e}, {vei'i}. Split from {ba'a} so that it can be properly negated with {nai} or questioned with {pei}

la'o
ZOI
delimited non-Lojban name; the resulting quote sumti is treated as a name.

la'oi [experimental]
ZOhOI
single-word non-Lojban name; quotes a single non-Lojban word delimited by pauses and treats it as a name
See also {la'o}, {zo'oi}.

la su'oda
name: "Someone", aka "the god of lazy people", used when the speaker is pushing responsibility to someone else unspecified
Synonymous to la .{samyuan}. Also {la dzapre}.

lau
LAU
2-word letteral/shift: punctuation mark or special symbol follows.

la'u
BAI
klani modal, 1st place (amount) quantifying ...; being a quantity of ...

lau'e [experimental]
KOhA2
pronoun: the referent of the following utterance
Equivalent to {la'e} {di'e}, by analogy with {lau'u}

la'u ma
BAI*
sumti question asking for a quantity; how many?.

lau'u [experimental]
KOhA2
pronoun: the referent of the last utterance
Equivalent to {la'edi'u} or {lo} {su'u} {go'i}; compounds considered common enough in usage statistics to deserve a shortening.

le
LE
non-veridical descriptor: the one(s) described as ...

le'a
BAI
klesi modal, 1st place (scalar set) in/of category ...

le'ai [experimental]
LEhAI
replace recent mistakenly uttered text
The {lo'ai} ... {sa'ai} ... {le'ai} replacement construct asks the listener to replace the text after {lo'ai} with the text after {sa'ai}. The order {sa'ai} ... {lo'ai} ... {le'ai} is also allowed, and either or both parts can be omitted and thus left up to context. When both parts are omitted, the word {le'ai} on its own indicates that a mistake was made while leaving all the details up to context. It is also possible to attach SAI to a le'ai construct: le'ai {dai} (or le'ai {da'oi} ko'a) indicates that someone else made a mistake; le'ai {pei} asks whether someone else made a mistake; and {sai}, {ru'e} and {cu'i} can be used to indicate the importance of the substitution. Furthermore, le'ai {nai} can be used to explicitly deny mistakes instead of acknowledging them (compare "sic").

le'au [experimental]
SEI
Start property which sets the meaning of {le} in the surrounding text.

ledo
LE*
possessive/associative descriptor: the one(s) described as, of yours.

le'e
-lem-
LE
non-veridical descriptor: the stereotype of those described as ...

le go'i
KOhA*
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x_1 of the previous bridi.

lei
LE
non-veridical descriptor: the mass of individual(s) described as ...

le'i
LE
non-veridical descriptor: the set of those described as ..., treated as a set.

lei'e [experimental]
LE
anaphoric mass gadri: start a description of a mass/group/constituency mentioned earlier in the text/conversation, viewed as a whole
Part of the "gadganzu proposal" for the article system.

lei'i [experimental]
LE
demonstrative mass gadri; start a definite description that refers to a mass/group/constituency in the shared frame-of-reference, viewed as a whole
Part of the "gadganzu proposal" for the article system.

le jaica
LE*
description: marks description extracting the time tense place of the description bridi.

le jaigau
LE*
description: marks description extracting the agentive place of the description selbri.

le jaivi
LE*
description: marks description extracting the location place of the description bridi.

leko'a
LE*
possessive/associative descriptor: the one(s) described as, of it-1's.

lemi
LE*
possessive/associative descriptor: the one(s) described as, of mine.

lenu
LE*
specific event descriptor: contraction of {le nu} and identical in meaning.
Added because beginners often search for {lenu} without realizing that it is the same as {le} {nu} and getting confused.

le'o
UI5
attitudinal modifier: aggressive - passive - defensive.
See also {gunta}, {bandu}.

le'ocu'i
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: aggressive - passive - defensive.

le'onai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: aggressive - passive - defensive.

le sego'i
KOhA*
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x_2 of the previous bridi.

leta
LE*
possessive/associative descriptor: nearby demonstrative possessive; cannot use for 'THAT ...'.

le tego'i
KOhA*
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x_3 of the previous bridi.

leti
LE*
possessive/associative descriptor: immediate demonstrative possessive; cannot use for 'THIS ...'.

letu
LE*
possessive/associative descriptor: distant demonstrative possessive.

le'u
LEhU
end quote of questionable or out-of-context text; not elidable.

leva
LE*
located descriptor: descriptive that-there (non-demonstrative).

le vego'i
KOhA*
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x_4 of the previous bridi.

levi
LE*
located descriptor: descriptive this-here (non-demonstrative).

levu
LE*
located descriptor: descriptive that-yonder (non-demonstrative).

le xego'i
KOhA*
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x_5 of the previous bridi.

li
LI
the number/evaluated expression; convert number/operand/evaluated math expression to sumti.

li'a
UI3
discursive: clearly - obscurely.
See also {klina}.

li'ai [experimental]
LI
unevaluated mekso as name.
Where "la broda brode" is to "la'e lu broda brode" as "li'ai by cy" is to "la'e me'o by cy". See also {li}, {me'o}, {la}, {la'e}.

li'anai
UI*3
discursive: clearly - obscurely.

li'au [experimental]
LIhAU
terminator of selma'o LUhEI
See also {lu'ei}, {li'u} and {me'u}.

li'e
BAI
lidne modal, 1st place preceded by ...; non-time sequencing.

li'ei [experimental]
LIhEI
arbitrary character string or irregular number
Accepts any arbitrary string of BY, bu-letterals, PA. Elidable terminator: {lo'o}. See {li'ai}, {me'o}, {mo'e}, {li}. [Tentative proposal: {li'ei} = {li} {pe'o} {joi'i} / {me'o} {pe'o} {joi'i}]

li'i
-liz-
NU
abstractor: experience abstractor; x_1 is x_2's experience of [bridi] (participant or observer).

li'i'e [experimental]
BAI
lisri modal, 1st place: in/belonging to/of/from story...
Of a character, location, event, etc.; something which exists in the universe of the story.

li'i ze'ei ka
NU*
abstractor: experience of being: x_1 is x_2's experience of being [bridi] (property of x_2; with {ce'u} referring to x_2's position)
= {li'imdu} {be} {lo} {ka}. See {li'i}, {ze'ei}, {li'i ze'ei nu}

li'i ze'ei nu
NU*
abstractor: experience of event: x_1 is x_2's experience of observing or participating in [bridi] (event)
= {li'imdu} {be} {lo} {nu}. See {li'i}, {ze'ei}, {li'i ze'ei ka}

li'o
UI3a
discursive: omitted text (quoted material).

li'oi [experimental]
UI3a
marks word/construct as being optional, i.e. the bridi would still be both grammatical AND reflect the speakers opinion/intention would the marked construct be left out
{coi} {fu'e} {li'oi} {la} {fu'o} {selpa'i} would semantically expand to {coi} {la} {selpa'i} and {coi} {selpa'i} meaning that both a person named {selpa'i} and a beloved one is being greeted (both being the same person).

li'u
LIhU
elidable terminator: end grammatical quotation; seldom elidable except at end of text.

lo
LE
descriptor: the one, which (is / does) ... / those, which (are / do) ...
Terminated with {ku}. Under the xorlo reform, {lo} converts a selbri to a sumti in a generic way. In particular, lo broda = {zo'e} noi broda.

lo'a
BY1
shift letterals to Lojban (Roman) alphabet.

lo'ai [experimental]
LOhAI
start quote of recent mistakenly uttered text to be replaced
See {le'ai}.

lo'e
-lom-
LE
veridical descriptor: the typical one(s) who really is(are) ...

loi
LE
veridical descriptor: the mass of individual(s) that is(are) ...

lo'i
LE
veridical descriptor: the set of those that really are ..., treated as a set.

loi'e [experimental]
LE
generalized mass gadri; start a description of a generalization of some mass/group/constituency viewed as a whole
Part of the "gadganzu proposal" for the article system. http://mw.lojban.org/papri/zipcpi:_Yet_another_gadri_article

loi'i [experimental]
LE
essentialist mass gadri; start a description of an essential characterization of some mass/group/constituency viewed as a whole
Part of the "gadganzu proposal" for the article system.

lonu
LE*
event descriptor: contraction of {lo nu} and identical in meaning.
Added because beginners often search for {lonu} without realizing that it is the same as {lo} {nu} and getting confused.

lo'o
LOhO
elidable terminator: end math express.(mex) sumti; end mex-to-sumti conversion; usually elidable.

lo'oi [experimental]
LOhOI
Description clause: create a sumti from the enclosed bridi, describing the referent of the created sumti as filling the bridi place filled with {ke'a}.
Notes: Full-bridi equivalent of {lo}. Terminator: {ku'au}.

loroda
KOhA*
all the things (in our universe of discourse)

lo'u
LOhU
start questionable/out-of-context quote; text should be Lojban words, but needn't be grammatical.
Terminated by {le'u}.

lu
LU
start grammatical quotation; quoted text should be grammatical on its own.

lu'a
LAhE
the members of the set/components of the mass; converts another description type to individuals.

lu'au [experimental]
LAhE
Bridi to text conversion
Essentially equivalent to {se} in the context of a {se} {du'u}. Inverse of {du'au}; however note that this is not single-valued, while {du'au} (provided context) is single-valued. Hence "lu'au du'au" is a useful idiom for constructing a text which has the same basic meaning as another text but is not necessarily the same text.

lu'e
LAhE
the symbol for (indirect discourse); uses the symbol/word(s) for a sumti as the desired sumti.

lu'ei [experimental]
LUhEI
convert a grammatical quotation to a tanru unit; x_1 expresses/says the quoted text for audience x_2 via expressive medium x_3.
The terminator is {li'au}. It is neither grammatical nor logical that a fragment and a sentence are connected by a sentence conjunction like ``.i je'' or ``.i ba bo''. However, such an expression is common among non-Lojban texts. Selma'o {lu'ei} forms a tanru unit, and helps us to translate such an expression without losing logical aspect of Lojban. It is also useful in writing scenarios. See also {li'au}, {lu} and {me}. Example 1: lu'ei ki'u lo nu la'e di'u na se tarti mi'a noi cinfo ku'o lo tamsmi sei spuda li'au .i ba bo la cinfo fau lo nu banli plipe cu cecla vofli pagre lo vacri gi'e snura zvabi'o lo ragve (cited and modified from ``lo se manci te makfa pe la .oz.'' translated by la selpa'i.) Example 2: ko'a lu'ei u'i doi .maman. ko viska .i ta dasni cizra li'au i ko'e lu'ei .oi ko na degja'o .i ko smaji li'au

lu'i
LAhE
the set with members; converts another description type to a set of the members.

lu li'u
empty (grammatical) string/text/utterance
Not: empty word, empty symbol. See also: {zoi'ai'e}.

lu'o
LAhE
the mass composed of; converts another description type to a mass composed of the members.

lu'u
LUhU
elidable terminator: end of sumti qualifiers; usually elidable except before a sumti.

ly
BY2
letteral for l.

ma
KOhA7
pro-sumti: sumti question (what/who/how/why/etc.); appropriately fill in sumti blank.

ma'a
KOhA3
pro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) & you the listener(s) & others unspecified.

ma'e
BAI
marji modal, 1st place material in object/substance ...

mai
MAI
utterance ordinal suffix; converts a number to an ordinal, such as an item or paragraph number.

ma'i
BAI
manri modal, 1st place (by standard 2) in reference frame ...

mai'e'e [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Meissel-Mertens constant M ≈ 0.2614972128476427837554268386086958590516…
The limiting difference of the harmonic series summed over only the positive prime natural numbers less than or equal to n and the natural logarithm of the natural logarithm of n, as n -> ∞.

mai'i [experimental]
KOhA7
pro-sumti: the universal argument/value; syntactically-contextually and type-permitted maximally generic in its typing
It is a pro-sumti with a universal reference set (restricted to syntactically-demanded/appropriate type). Probably semantically maximally and generally elliptical/generic. Typing can be restricted by (possibly metalinguistic) restriction. See also: {zai'o} (pro-sumti; empty), {gai'o} (pro-bridi; empty), {cei'i} (pro-bridi; universal), {ctaipe}. Proposed by: lai .az. .e lai .krtisfranks.

mai'o [experimental]
LI2
turns number into pro-sumti: the abstraction described by the utterance denoted by that number and {mai}
E.g. {mai'o pa} refers to the events or statements described earlier with {pamai}. Use {lu'e} to refer to the text. See {goi'e}, {mai}

mai'u [experimental]
VUhU
unary mekso operator: signum function
Maps any positive number to 1; maps any negative number to -1. All other properties are purely by convention (including its behavior at 0 and in the complex plane). It should probably not be generalized to include the Levi-Civita symbol or other "sign" functions.

ma'o
MAhO
convert letteral string or other mathematical expression (mex) operand to mex operator.

ma'o'e [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical operator: vague/elliptical/general/generic operator
Arity is context-dependent. Properties and structure are context-dependent or vague. See also: {xo'e}, {zi'a'o}. Preferred over {ma'e'o}.

ma'oi [experimental]
ZO
selma'o quote; quotes a word (a cmavo) and uses it to name a selma'o.
Example: ma'oi coi is equivalent to COI. See also {ra'oi}.

mau
BAI
zmadu modal, 1st place (a greater) exceeded by ... ; usually a sumti modifier.

ma'u
PA3
digit/number: plus sign; positive number; default any positive.

mau'au [experimental]
MAUhAU
mekso: conversion of operator/function to operand
Must be followed by a function (meaning "f", not "f(x)" (which is a number)) or operator (such as "+"). Treats it formally and syntactically as a number so that it can be operated upon, such as by {se'au} or by a functional/operator (technical sense). Terminated by {zai'ai}; the pair essentially act as mathematical quotation marks. Also works on connectives and {kei'i}. Expressions may be complicated (such as with SE, NA, NAI, etc. modifying the string); perhaps one may even find a use for quoting relations (such as equality or element-hood) and/or some brivla or other cmavo. See also: {kei'au}.

mau'e [experimental]
MAUhE
UI conversion start quote; converts grammatical Lojban text to cmavo of selma'o UI
Internal text/utterance must be grammatical and Lojbanic; output is some unspecified emotion relating to/specific to/associated with the referent of quoted text. The construct as a whole operates/behaves as UI. See also: {mau'o}.

mau'i [experimental]
CAI2
attitudinal: stronger intensity attitudinal relativizer
Specifies a stronger intensity - relative to any previously specified intensity of the same UI/cmavo. CAI2 after CAI specifies an absolute intensity - but the CAI2 specifies the relative shift from the regular value. CAI after CAI2 specifies an relative value - and the CAI denotes the relative amount interval size. See also {me'ai}, {dau'i}, {sai}

mau'o [experimental]
MAUhO
UI conversion end quote (elidable terminator); converts grammatical Lojban text to cmavo of selma'o UI
Internal text/utterance must be grammatical and Lojbanic; output is some unspecified emotion relating to/specific to/associated with the referent of quoted text. The construct as a whole operates/behaves as UI. See also: {mau'e}.

mau'u [experimental]
UI1
savoring/focusing and attempting to retain feelings of strong satisfaction - trying to escape intense dissatisfaction
'Mmm...'

me
ME
convert sumti to selbri/tanru element; x_1 is specific to [sumti] in aspect x_2.

me'a
BAI
mleca modal, 1st place (a lesser) undercut by ... ; usually a sumti modifier.

me'ai [experimental]
CAI2
attitudinal: weaker intensity attitudinal relativizer
Specifies a weaker intensity - relative to any previously specified intensity of the same UI/cmavo. See also {mau'i}, {dau'i}, {ru'e}

me'au [experimental]
ME
Convert abstract predicate sumti back to predicate
Has an inverse: {me'ei}. Essentially synonymous with {ckaji}. Differences: ckaji2 is unary whereas the me'au-predicate can have any arity; me'au is in ME.

medomoi
x_1 is yours among x_2 by rule/relationship x_3; x_1 is your x_2 by rule/relationship x_3.

me'e
BAI
cmene modal, 1st place (requires quote) with name ...; so-called ...

me'ei [experimental]
LE
Article for abstract predicate sumti. Turns a selbri into an abstraction with all open places filled by {ce'u}.
Has an inverse: {me'au}

me'ei'o [experimental]
VUhU
mekso n-ary operator: interleave sequences
Given the ordered input of m sequences a_i wherein the jth term is a_(i,j), the output is a sequence z with the nth term z_n = a_(n % m, 1 + (n - n % m)/m), where "n % m" is the remainder of division/modulus of n by m.

me'e ma
BAI*
sumti question asking for a name; who?; requires quoted name as an answer.

mei
-mem-
-mei-
MOI
convert number to cardinality selbri; x_1 is the mass formed from set x_2 whose n member(s) are x_3.
[x_1 is a mass with N components x_3 composing set x_2; x_2 is an n-tuple (x_2 is completely specified) (= {selmei} for reordered places); x_1 forms an n-some; x_3 (not necessarily a complete enumeration) are among the members of x_2]; See also {cmima}, {gunma}, cmavo list {moi}.

me'i
PA3
digit/number: less than.

mei'e [experimental]
Accepts any number of sumti and turns them into a selbri-unit that means "x_1 is among the referents of these sumti".
See {me}, {menre}, {cmima}. Elidable terminator: {mei'o}

mei'o [experimental]
MEIhO
Elidable terminator for selma'o MEIhE (which turns any number of sumti into a selbri-unit)
Needed to close a MEIhE expression to resume adding sumti to the parent bridi.

memimoi
x_1 is mine among x_2 by rule/relationship x_3; x_1 is my x_2 by rule/relationship x_3.

me'o
LI
the mathematical expression (unevaluated); convert unevaluated mathematical expression to sumti.

me'oi [experimental]
MEhOI
non-Lojban brivla
Quick way to borrow foreign words into Lojban. Also known as "stage-0 fu'ivla". Equivalent to {me'au} {la'e} {zo'oi}. See {mu'oi}.

me'u
MEhU
elidable terminator: end sumti that was converted to selbri; usually elidable.

mi
-mib-
KOhA3
pro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s); identified by self-vocative.

mi'a
KOhA3
pro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) & others unspecified, but not you, the listener.

mi'ai [experimental]
KOhA3
we; several people including one of the speakers; I (the speaker) and at least one another person (even if that person is one of the speakers too)
English "we". {mi'a}, {mi'o} and {ma'a} are more specific cases of {mi'ai}.

mi'e
COI
self vocative: self-introduction - denial of identity; identifies speaker.

mi'enai
COI*
self vocative: self-introduction - denial of identity; denies identity of speaker.

mi'i
BIhI
non-logical interval connective: ordered components: ... center, ... range surrounding center.

mi'o
KOhA3
pro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) & you the listener(s).

mi'oi [experimental]
KOhA3
inclusive we; includes the speaker (I) and the listener (you), but may or may not include others
May mean {mi'o} or {ma'a}, but never {mi'a}. Also see {mi'ai}.

mi'u
UI3b
discursive: ditto.
See also {mintu}.

mo
GOhA
pro-bridi: bridi/selbri/brivla question.

mo'a
-mob-
PA4
digit/number: too few; subjective.

mo'aroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: too few times; objective tense; defaults as time tense.

mo'e
MOhE
convert sumti to mex operand; sample use in story arithmetic: [3 apples] + [3 apples] = what.

moi
-mom-
-moi-
MOI
convert number to ordinal selbri; x_1 is (n)th member of set x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

mo'i
-mov-
MOhI
mark motions in space-time.

mo'ibe'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: northwardly; to the north directional space motion.

mo'ibu'u
FAhA*
space motion tense: moving to coincide directional space motion.

mo'ica'u
FAhA*
space motion tense: forward directional space motion.

mo'idu'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: eastwardly; to the east directional space motion.

mo'idu'oi
FAhA*
space motion tense: clockwisely; to the clockwise angular-directional space motion.
See also: {mo'izu'au}

mo'ifa'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: arriving at; arriving at a point directional space motion.

mo'iga'u
FAhA*
space motion tense: upwardly; upwards directional space motion.

moi'i [experimental]
UI2
evidential: I remember - I don't remember (fact ; that/whether something is true)
Differs from {vei'i} or {ba'anai} on being based on recollection of facts, not an experience. {moi'i} is to {morji} what {vei'i}/{ba'anai} is to {vedli}. Also see {moi'icu'i}

moi'icu'i
UI*2
evidential: if I remember correctly...
Used to indicate uncertainty of memory. See {moi'i}, {ju'ocu'i}

mo'ine'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: approximating; moving around the neighborhood of ... space motion.

mo'ine'i
FAhA*
space motion tense: moving into directional space motion.

mo'ine'u
FAhA*
space motion tense: southwardly; to the south directional space motion.

mo'ini'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: downwardly; downwards directional space motion.

moi'o [experimental]
MOI
x_1 is the PA-th date/time of unit x_2 (si'o) counting from x_3 (default: now) by calendar x_4
x_3 is the reference point in time (PA = {no}). The splicing method depends on x_4. For example, at 14:03 on 2014-11-14, the 0th day (x_2 = lo si'o {djedi}) from now is 11-14, the 0th century from now is the 21st century, the 0th month (x_2 = lo si'o {masti}) is November, the 0th afternoon is this afternoon (x_2 = lo si'o {donri}), the 0th night (x_2 = lo si'o {nicte}) refers to nothing (because this time-point is not in night).

moi'oi [experimental]
LE
interrogative mass gadri: "which group of..."; viewed and counted as a group

mo'ipa'o
FAhA*
space motion tense: passing through directional space motion.

mo'ire'o
FAhA*
space motion tense: along; along a path directional space motion.

mo'iri'u
FAhA*
space motion tense: rightwardly; to the right directional space motion.

mo'iru'u
FAhA*
space motion tense: orbiting; surrounding/annular directional space motion.

mo'ite'e
FAhA*
space motion tense: moving along the border directional space motion.

mo'iti'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: rearwardsly; rearwards directional space motion.

mo'ito'o
FAhA*
space motion tense: moving away from a point directional space motion.

mo'ivu'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: westwardly; to the west directional space motion.

mo'ize'o
FAhA*
space motion tense: outwardsly; outward directional space motion.

mo'izo'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: passing by a site directional space motion.

mo'izo'i
FAhA*
space motion tense: approaching directional space motion.

mo'izu'a
FAhA*
space motion tense: leftwardsly; to the left directional space motion.

mo'izu'au
FAhA*
space motion tense: counterclockwisely; to the counterclockwise angular-directional space motion.
See also: {mo'idu'oi}

mo'o
MAI
higher-order utterance ordinal suffix; converts a number to ordinal, usually a section/chapter.

mo'oi [experimental]
LE
interrogative gadri: "which"
Roughly equivalent to {ma} {noi}, but doesn't start a new bridi.

mo'u
ZAhO
interval event contour: at the natural ending point of ...; completive | >|<.

mu
-mum-
PA1
digit/number: 5 (digit) [five].

mu'a
UI3
discursive: for example - omitting - end examples.
See also {mupli}.

mu'acu'i
UI*3
discursive: for example - omitting - end examples.

mu'ai [experimental]
BAI
munje modal: 1st place; in universe...
May be {lo} {fatci}, or a universe-of-discourse, real or imagined. See {munje}, {li'i'e}, {xanri}, {da'inri}, {mu'ei}, {enzasti}, {enfasnu}, {va'o}, {ci'e}

mu'ai'au [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical/logical/mekso ternary operator: μ (mu) operator: outputs the most extreme extended-natural number that satisfies relationship/predicate A, where extremeness is bounded by B and of a version determined by C; error output is -1
A is a proposition; it will be a function of at least one variable. The output of this function will cause A to evaluate to true if plugged in as the primary (first) argument of A, except in the Error Case that is described later. C can only be -1 or 1; if C = 1, then extremeness here is defined as "least"; if C = -1, then extremeness here is defined as "greatest". If C = 1, then B is an upperbound; if C = -1, then B is a lowerbound. The contextless default value of C is 1. The contextless default value of B is sgn(C)*infinity (countable, in a sense). The output may be equal to B. The output belongs to the set of all positive integers united with the set of 0 and sgn(C)*infinity. Error Case: If no such number exists, the output is -1. Use A in order to restrict outputs from being pathological for your purposes. Example: Let C = 1 and suppose that there exists a number that satisfies A and is one of the following values: 0, a positive integer, (countable) infinity. Then the output of this function (id est: μ(A, B, 1); where "μ" represents the mu operator) is the least such number that is less than or equal to B. Note that in this example, the contextless default value of B is (countable) infinity.

mu'anai
UI*3
discursive: for example - omitting - end examples.

mu'e
-muf-
NU1
abstractor: achievement (event) abstractor; x_1 is the event-as-a-point/achievement of [bridi].

mu'ei [experimental]
ROI
Converts PA into tense; in [number (usually nonspecific)] possible worlds/alternate histories where [sumti (du'u)] is true
Includes what "may have happened" if the past were different from the actual past. See {ba'oi}

mu'i
BAI
mukti modal, 1st place because of motive ...

mu'i'ai [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Hafner-Sarnak-McCurley coprime determinants limiting probability constant; h ≈ 0.3532363719…
The limiting probability of two n×n matrices have determinants that are coprime, as n -> ∞

mu'i ma
BAI*
sumti question asking for a motive; why?.

mu'inai
BAI*
na'e mukti modal, 1st place; regardless of motive ...
Cf. {na'e}, {mukti}.

muki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 5,000 expressed with comma.

mumei
MOI*
quantifier selbri: convert 5 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with the quintet of members x_2.

mumoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 5 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is fifth among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

muno
PA*
number/quantity: 50 [fifty].

munono
PA*
number/quantity: 500 [five hundred].

mu'o
COI
vocative: over (response OK) - more to come.

mu'oi [experimental]
MUhOI
delimited non-Lojban selbri-unit
Similar to {me'oi} but requires delimiters, to allow quotation of multiple words or words with glottal-stops. In other words, {me'oi}:{mu'oi} :: {zo'oi}:{zoi} :: {la'oi}:{la'o} . Equivalent to {me'au} {la'e} {zoi}.

mu'onai
COI*
vocative: over (response OK) - more to come.

mu'u
BAI
mupli modal, 1st place exemplified by ...

my
BY2
letteral for m.

na
-nar-
NA
bridi contradictory negator; scope is an entire bridi; logically negates in some cmavo compounds.

na.a
A*
logical connective: sumti afterthought conditional/only if.

na'a
BY1
cancel all letteral shifts.

na'au [experimental]
converts an unevaluated mekso expression into a sumti referencing its evaluated result (if sensible/defined)
For example, would be prefixed to {ke'a} in {xe'au}-NOIhA clauses in order to reference the bracketed (unevaluated, formal) subexpression's evaluated result. In some sense, this word plays inverse of/to {me'o}, but may see less general use since expressions are typically evaluated at the end of mekso utterances. (Thus, this word may find its greatest amount of usage within mekso expressions before they are concluded and evaluated.)

na'a'u [experimental]
PA5
not a number
See also {ci'i}, {xo'e}, {tu'o}.

na'e
-nal-
NAhE
contrary scalar negator: other than ...; not ...; a scale or set is implied.

na'ebo
NAhE+BO
negation sumti qualifier: something other than.
Cf. {na'e}, {bo}, {je'abo}, {no'ebo}, {to'ebo}.

na'efa'a
FAhA*
space direction: not towards specified point, contrary negation; direction modal.

na'ei [experimental]
NAhE
Contradictory negation of a predicate
The quantifier negation laws can be stated as: naku ro da zo'u da broda .ijo [su'o] da zo'u da na'ei broda, naku [su'o] da zo'u da broda .ijo ro da zo'u da na'ei broda.

na'epu'i
CAhA*
modal aspect: has never, and perhaps cannot; other-than-demonstrated-ability.

nagi'a
GIhA*
logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought conditional/only if.

nago'i
GOhA*
selbri: repeats preceding bridi while denying it as false; pro-assign values are unchanged.

nai
NAI
attached to cmavo to negate them; various negation-related meanings.

na'i
UI3a
discursive: metalinguistic negator.
See also {naldra}, {nalmapti}.

naja
JA*
logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought conditional/only if.

naku
NAKU
(adverbial) bridi contradictory negator; "it is not true that...."; negates the bridi as well as any other adverbial or quantifier located on its right.

na'o
TAhE
tense interval modifier: characteristically/typically; tense/modal; defaults as time tense.

na'oi [experimental]
CAI
Indicator for moderate or normal attitudinal intensity
Used to indicate the "default" intensity of attitudinals, the intensity that is implied when for example using a bare "ui" (which is in-between "sai" and "ru'e"). Useful mostly together with pei. Derived from cnano.

na'onai
TAhE*
tense interval modifier: atypically; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense.

naru'e
NA*
weak bridi negation; almost, but not quite.

nau
CUhE
tense: refers to current space/time reference absolutely.

na'u
NAhU
convert selbri to mex operator; used to create less-used operators using fu'ivla, lujvo, etc.

nau'u [experimental]
KOhA7
what is now; refers to current space/time/situation reference absolutely
sumti equivalent of {nau}

ne
GOI
non-restrictive relative phrase marker: which incidentally is associated with ...

ne'a
FAhA3
location tense relation/direction; approximating/next to ...

ne'au [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: devoidness of emotion (neutral by absence of emotion) - overwhelmed by/replete with/overflowing with (seemingly all) emotion
Carries no positive or negative connotations. In some sense, the "empty attitudinal".

ne'e [experimental]
CAI
polar opposite scalar negator; equivalent to {to'e} but in selma'o CAI
See also {to'e}

nei
GOhA
pro-bridi: repeats the current bridi.

ne'i
FAhA3
location tense relation/direction; within/inside of/into ...

nei'o [experimental]
KOhA
pro-sumti: this paragraph

ne'o
VUhU3
unary mathematical operator: factorial; a!.

ne'oi [experimental]
VUhU3
unary operator: primorial a#
The product of the first pi(a) prime numbers p_i starting with p_1 = 2, where pi(a) is the (not-greater-than-)prime-counting function. Not strictly monotonically increasing unless a=p_j for positive integers j.

ne'u
FAhA1
location tense relation/direction; south of.

ni
-nil-
NU
abstractor: quantity/amount abstractor; x_1 is quantity/amount of [bridi] measured on scale x_2.

ni'a
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction; downwards/down from ...

ni'a'au [experimental]
GAhUhAU
mekso n-ary operator: append covariant (lower) indices to tensor
Terminated by {te'oi'oi}. Takes ordered input (A, X_1, X_2, …, X_(n-1)), where A is a tensor and X_i is an index with an understood (or elsewhere defined) ordered domain. It appends/assigns X_i to be the ith covariant index of A, which is usually designated as a subscript in the ith position to the right of A. See also: {ga'u'au}. It is probable that Einstein summation notation will be conventionally in effect.

ni'ai [experimental]
NU
x_1 is a number/value such that the abstraction is true, under mathematical system x_2; x_1 binds to ke'a within the abstraction
Essentially a specialized version of {poi'i} for use with predicated mathematical statements (as an alternative to mekso). See also {ke'a}.

ni'au [experimental]
CAI
attitudinal: 'how do you do?'
Chinese style greeting. See also {pei}, {coi}, {a'oi}

ni bu
bu-letteral
the last sumti having a {ni}-abstraction at its topmost level inside
See also {ka bu}, {nu bu}, {du'u bu}

ni'e
NIhE
convert selbri to mex operand; used to create new non-numerical quantifiers; e.g. "herd" of oxen.

ni'e'ei [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Niven's greatest-exponent prime factorization constant lim_(n->∞) (avg_n (H)) ≈ 1.705211…
This constant is the greatest exponent appearing in the prime factorization of a positive natural number over the ring integers on average. See also: {ni'e'oi}

ni'e'oi [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Niven's smallest-exponent prime factorization constant c = zeta(3/2)/zeta(3) ≈ 2.1732543125195541382370898404…
This constant plays a role in the bounding of the infinite sum of the smallest exponents in the prime factorizations of the positive natural numbers over the ring of integers; specifically, it is the coefficient of the √(n) term; Niven's bound more fully is given by n + c√(n) + o(√(n)). See also: {ni'e'ei}

ni'i
BAI
nibli modal, 1st place logically; logically because ...

ni'i ma
BAI*
sumti question asking for a logical proof; why?.

ni'inai
BAI*
na'e nibli modal, 1st place; regardless of logically sufficient condition ...
Cf. {na'e}, {nibli}.

ni'o
NIhO
discursive: paragraph break; introduce new topic.

ni'u
PA3
digit/number: minus sign; negative number); default any negative.

no
-non-
PA1
digit/number: 0 (digit) [zero].

no'a
GOhA
pro-bridi: repeats the bridi in which this one is embedded.

no'ai [experimental]
PA4
digit/number: absolute zero; nothing; there does not exist; ∄
Mathematically equivalent to {no}, but implies lack of negative values, especially on a scale ({va'e}/{va'ei} e.g.). Equivalent to "{rone'e} {no}". Cf. {no'e'u}, {su'o}, {ro}, {su'oi}, {ro'oi}

no'au [experimental]
XOI
Introduces a bridi relative clause, with the scope of {xoi} and the semantics of {noi}
See also {xoi} and {noi}. "ko .{iklki} no'au jalge fa lo nu {kibycpa}" means something close to "do se {koinde} fi lo ka .iklki noi lo nu do ckaji ke'a cu se jalge lo nu kibycpa"

no'au'au [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical/mekso binary operator: the zero/identity-element/(primitive (-))constant operator; outputs the identity-element of structure A (contextless default: the additive group of integers) regardless of the input value of B (except blank or ill-defined values)
According to the contextless default, the (contextless default) output will be identically 0. B can be literally anything imaginable (no specific type is required), so long as B is non-empty (not blank) and is well-defined; if these conditions are satisfied, the identity-element of structure A is output; else, this function is undefined. Notice that in Lojban, a blank must be input explicitly; otherwise {xo'o} will fill the argument implicitly. By skipping arguments in this manner (assuming a known default and using implicit elliptical argument-filling features of Lojban), this operator can be reduced to 0-arity. Note that this operator is different from multiplying by 0. See also: {bai'ei}, {ci'o'au}.

noda
KOhA*
logically quantified sumti: nothing at all (unless restricted).

no'e
-nor-
-no'e-
NAhE
midpoint scalar negator: neutral point between je'a and to'e; "not really".

no'ebo
NAhE+BO
negation sumti qualifier: the neutral form/value of.
Cf. {no'e}, {bo}, {na'ebo}, {je'abo}, {to'ebo}. Midpoint between {je'abo} and {to'ebo}.

no'e'u [experimental]
PA4
digit/number: liminal zero; neither positive nor negative
Mathematically equivalent to {no}, but implies existence of both positive and negative values, especially on a scale ({va'e}/{va'ei} e.g.). Cf. {no'ai}, {no'e}, {ma'u}, {ni'u}

noi
NOI
non-restrictive relative clause; attaches subordinate bridi with incidental information.

no'i
NIhO
discursive: paragraph break; resume previous topic.

noi'a [experimental]
NOIhA
PA incidental relative clause; attaches to a PA number/numeral/digit with the ke'a referring to that PA number/numeral/digit.
It attaches to the last mentioned PA, which can be only a single digit within a number rather than the entire number itself (if it has digit length greater than one in some base). Thus, beware of grouping. Confer: {poi'a}, {jau'au}. The attachment of this word to the immediately preceding word can be ovverriden by the usage of {xe'au}, which begins bracketing together an utterance/subexpression that will be considered to be the single and whole referent of the clause introduced by this word, wthe utterance of which also finishes the bracket. There is a proposal to expand the attachment of this word to any word spoken in a mekso utterance (rather than only members of selma'o PA), including members of selma'o VUhU, etc.

noi'e [experimental]
NAhE
scalar normative: normal in intensity
{rei'e}:{ru'e}:{milxe} ; {noi'e}:{na'oi}:{cnano} ; {sai'e}:{sai}:{mutce} ; {cai'e}:{cai}:{tcetce}. See http://mw.lojban.org/papri/zipcpi:_scalar_modifiers

noi'i [experimental]
NOIhI
connective modifer/limiter
Used for {ji} and other connective questions. It is preceded by such a connective (question) word and is followed by the set of words or the selma'o name to which the answer is expected/required to belong; the former may be literally a list of cmavo (such as 'zo .{e} ce zo .{a}', meaning that only AND or AND-OR are acceptable responses) or the name of a set of them (such as 'non-logical connectives', 'tanru after-thought connectives', 'symmetric connectives', 'all connectives except .{u}'. etc.). Terminated by {ge'u'i}. For example 'do djica tu'a loi ckafi ji noi'i lu .enai li'u ce lu na .e li'u ge'u'i loi tcati' asks 'Do you want: some coffee, some tea - where your answer can be only the former or the latter?'.

nomo'o
MAI*
discursive utterance ordinal: zeroth section/chapter ordinal; foreword.

no'o
PA5
digit/number: typical/average value.

no'oi [experimental]
NOhOI
Selbri incidental relative clause; attaches to a selbri with the ke'a being 'me'ei the attached selbri'
Cf. {me'ei}, {me'au}, {noi}, {po'oi}.

noroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: never; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.

no'u
GOI
non-restrictive appositive phrase marker: which incidentally is the same thing as ...

nu
-nun-
NU
abstractor: generalized event abstractor; x_1 is state/process/achievement/activity of [bridi].
Terminated with {kei}.

nu'a
NUhA
convert mathematical expression (mex) operator to a selbri/tanru component.

nu bu
bu-letteral
BY*
pro-sumti: refers to the last complete sumti that started with a nu-abstraction
See {nu}. See also {du'u bu}, {ka bu}, {ni bu}.

nu'e
COI
vocative: promise - promise release - un-promise.

nu'ecu'i
COI*
vocative: promise - promise release - un-promise.

nu'enai
COI*
vocative: promise - promise release - un-promise.

nu'i
NUhI
start forethought termset construct; marks start of place structure set with logical connection.

nu'o
-nu'o-
CAhA
modal aspect: can but has not; unrealized potential.

nu'u
NUhU
elidable terminator: end forethought termset; usually elidable except with following sumti.

ny
BY2
letteral for n.

o
A
logical connective: sumti afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if.

o'a
UI1
attitudinal: pride - modesty/humility - shame.
See also {jgira}, {cumla}, {ckeji}.

o'acu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: pride - modesty/humility - shame.

o'ai [experimental]
COI
vocative: slightly surprised greetings
See also {coi}, {co'oi}. This is an {u'ivla}.

o'anai
UI*1
attitudinal: pride - modesty/humility - shame.

obu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral for o.

o'e
UI1
attitudinal: closeness - distance.
See also {cnijbi}, {cnikansa}.

o'enai
UI*1
attitudinal: closeness - distance.

oi
UI1
attitudinal: complaint - pleasure.
See also {pante}, {pluka}, {kufra}.

o'i
UI1
attitudinal: caution - rashness.
See also {capyrivbi}, {capfanta}, {srerivbi}, {srefanta}, {naldarsi}, {seljde}.

oi'a [experimental]
UI
Attitudinal: offended/insulted - unoffended - deserving and accepting
Confer: {jgicro}, .{oi}, .{o'a}

oinai
UI*1
attitudinal: complaint - pleasure.

o'inai
UI*1
attitudinal: caution - rashness.

oi'o [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: fuck/shit - fuck yeah/hell yeah
Vulgar version of {oi} used to express condescending disgust/dismissal/disapproval/pain/complaint (or ecstatic approval/pleasure/excitement with {nai}) all at once.

oire'e
UI*1
attitudinal: spiritual/religious complaint.

oiro'a
UI*1
attitudinal: social complaint.

oiro'e
UI*1
attitudinal: mental complaint (puzzlement, excess mental work).

oiro'i
UI*1
attitudinal: emotional complaint.

oiro'o
UI*1
attitudinal: physical complaint.

oiro'u
UI*1
attitudinal: sexual complaint.

oi se'i bu'o oi se'i bu'o
UI*
oopservative attitudinal: "Oops, I did it again!"
See also {za'ure'u}

oi'u [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: pain/suffering - comfort
See {cortu}

onai
A*
logical connective: sumti afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'.

o'o
UI1
attitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger.
See also {fengu}, {to'ersteba}, {de'acni}

o'ocu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger.

o'onai
UI*1
attitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger.

o'u
UI1
attitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress.
See also {surla}, {cnilanxe}, {dunku}.

o'ucu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress.

o'unai
UI*1
attitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress.

o'y [experimental]
BY
letteral for o.
Synonymous with the original CLL definition of .{obu}.

pa
-pav-
PA1
digit/number: 1 (digit) [one].

pa'a
BAI
panra modal, 1st place (parallel; shared property) similarly; in addition to ...

pa'aku
BAI*
sumti: explicitly marks respective use as in "THEY read THEIR (respective) books".

pa'aseva'u
BAI*
among (with a share for each)

pa'au'o [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: universal parabolic constant P = √(2) + Log_e(1 + √(2)) ≈ 2.295587

pabi
PA*
number/quantity: 18 [eighteen].

paci
PA*
number/quantity: 13 [thirteen].

pa'e
UI3
discursive: justice - prejudice.
See also {tcinydracu'a}, {tcinydrapai}, {vudypai}.

pa'enai
UI*3
discursive: justice - prejudice.

pai
PA5
digit/number: pi (approximately 3.1416...); the constant defined by the ratio of the circumference to the diameter of all circles.

pa'i
VUhU2
binary mathematical operator: ratio; [the ratio of a to b].

pai'e [experimental]
NAhE
scalar question: how very...?
Asks for NAhE. See http://mw.lojban.org/papri/zipcpi:_scalar_modifiers . See {pei'a}. Note: As many of the NAhE in this system are new and may be unfamiliar, NAI/CAI may be substituted for the answer instead.

paki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 1,000 expressed with comma.

pamai
MAI*
discursive: first utterance ordinal.

pamei
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 1 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with single/sole/only member x_2.

pamoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 1 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is first among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

pamo'o
MAI*
discursive utterance ordinal: first section/chapter ordinal.

pamu
PA*
number/quantity: 15 [fifteen].

pano
PA*
number/quantity: 10 [ten].

panoki'oki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 10,000,000 [ten millions](Western numbering system/1,00,00,000 [100 lakhs](Indian numbering system).
Cf. {panonoki'o}.

panomei
MOI*
quantifier selbri: convert 10 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with the decade of members x_2.

panomoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 10 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is tenth among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

panono
PA*
number/quantity: 100 [one hundred].

panonoki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 100,000 [hundred thousand](Western numbering system)/[one lakh](Indian numbering system)..
Cf. {panoki'oki'o}.

panonomei
MOI*
quantifier selbri: convert 100 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with the century of members x_2.

pa'o
FAhA3
location tense relation/direction; transfixing/passing through ...

papa
PA*
number/quantity: 11 [eleven].

pare
PA*
number/quantity: 12 [twelve].

paremei
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 12 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with a dozen members x_2.

paroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: once; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.

paso
PA*
number/quantity: 19 [nineteen].

pau
UI3a
discursive: optional question premarker.
See also {preti}.

pa'u
BAI
pagbu modal, 1st place having component ...

pau'ai [experimental]
UI
rhetorical construct marker - genuine/serious/literal assertion/question/command marker
Place after an interrogative word (such as {xu}, {ma}, {mo}, etc.) in order to indicate that a question (and, in particular, that construct) is being presented rhetorically with no actual desire for an answer (except one that plays along with the purpose). Place after an imperative construct (such as {ko}) in order to rhetorically command the audience- such as with the English sentence "Tell me about it", which actually indicates emphatic and personal agreement rather than a command/request for the details to be explicated or elaborated. Various grammatical structures can be marked as rhetorical flourishes this way; in this capacity, the word might (but need not) operate in a way similar to {pe'a} (such as with, maybe, the phrase "for forty days and forty nights" meaning that some event had a long duration and the utterer wishes to reference/bring to mind the Biblical story of Noah's Flood in some way). Of course, whole bridi can be marked by this word. In general, it elevates the understanding of an utterance from literal to something with a purpose or intent and which may not be entirely factual or genuine but, rather, which is being used a tool in the design of a presentation. This word's negative makes it clear that the utterance is to be understood literally or as a genuine, face-value piece of text (although figurative language may still be present- it is only literal in its presentation, so to speak). See also: {si'ai}

pau'a'u [experimental]
VUhU
mekso operator: part of number/projection (one sense); the X2 part of X1
X1 can be a tensor, in which case the operator applies entry-wise; X1 can be a function, in which case the operator applies pointwise. It extracts the part of the number that belongs to the structure X2 united with the singleton 0. X2 = R implies "real part"; X2 = i*R implies "imaginary part"; X2 = R+ implies "positive part"; X2 = R- implies "negatige part". If X1 has no explicit value/projection in/along X2, then the output is 0. If 0 is X1 or X2, then the output is 0. X1 should really be a structure, not just a set.

paubu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral: '?' symbol

pau'ei [experimental]
VUhU
mekso operator: power set - produces the set of all subsets of set A that are of (any) size (that is) b [a nonnegative integer or transfinite/infinite number]
Possibly also could be used as a nonlogical "connective" of sorts. For accessing more than one cardinality in b, use modifiers ("less than"/"greater than") or vague numbers; default: «su'e ro», which outputs the set of all subsets of A; thus, the unary operator is just the standard power set operator.

paunai
UI*3
discursive: unreal/rhetorical question follows.

pau'oi [experimental]
VUhU3
unary mathematical operator: predecessor/diminish/decrement (by one), \\operatorname{pred}(a) = a-- = a-1
See also: {bai'ei} (inverse), {vu'u} {pa}.

pavo
PA*
number/quantity: 14 [fourteen].

paxa
PA*
number/quantity: 16 [sixteen].

paze
PA*
number/quantity: 17 [seventeen].

pe
GOI
restrictive relative phrase marker: which is associated with ...; loosest associative/possessive.

pe'a
-pev-
UI3c
marks a construct as figurative (non-literal/metaphorical) speech/text.

pe'ai [experimental]
UI3c
discursive: layperson/laïc meaning; marks a construct as layperson/common/non-technical/non-jargon speech/text
Similar, but not equivalent, to {pe'a} and {sa'enai}. If a construct could be interpreted in a technical sense (such as the word "likelihood" in English in the field of statistics) but is not being used in that technical sense, it may be marked for layperson interpretation by this word. See also: {pe'ainai}.

pe'ainai
UI3c
technical meaning; marks a construct as jargon/terminology/technical/precise/exact speech/text
Marks how a construct is to be interpreted/understood. Similar, but not equivalent, to {pe'anai} and {sa'e}. If a construct should/could be interpreted in a technical sense (such as the word "likelihood" in English in the field of statistics) AND is actually being used in that technical sense (rather than in a layperson sense), it may be marked for technical interpretation by this word. See also: {pe'ai}

pe'anai
UI3c
literal sense; marks a construct as literal (non-figurative/non-metaphorical/exact) speech/text
"Literally"; one sense of "exactly speaking". Not to be used as an intensifier (unlike some usages of "literally" in English).

pe'aru'e
UI3c*
weak metaphor marker: indicates that there is some broadening of the concept, typically to include objects of types that are unusual for the defined place structure, but which retains most of the semantic of the word as defined.
See {pe'a}, {ru'e}, {do'a}. See the Lojban definitions for {dimnu'e} and {tcimi'e} for examples.

pecai
GOI*
restrictive relative phrase marker: permanently / inalienably associated with; it is impossible or near-impossible to break that relation
Proposed as a variation of {po'e} with less semantic-boundary difficulties, while freeing up {po'e} for reassignment in dialects/forks. Most words that the concept of 'inalienable possession' applies to, e.g. {birka}, {mamta}, or even {pendo} in some natlangs, have a convenient {be} place to be used instead with a better-defined meaning. However, this may be used for any relation that is impossible-or-nigh-impossible to break, e.g. the car you worked on and made custom modifications to for years; in a sense, it will still be "your car" even if you sold it. {do'e}{cai} could be a variation to associate a bridi or the subject of the bridi, e.g. 'ti karce do'ecai mi'. See also {pesai}, {pe}

pe'e
PEhE
marks the following connective as joining termsets.

pei
CAI
attitudinal: attitudinal question; how do you feel about it? with what intensity?.

pe'i
UI2
evidential: I opine (subjective claim).
See also {jinvi}.

pei'a [experimental]
CAI
scalar / attitudinal question: how very...?
Essentially asks for NAI/CAI. For selbri/sumtcita, the full range of NAI/CAI may be asked for; see http://mw.lojban.org/papri/zipcpi:_scalar_modifiers and {pai'e}. For attitudinals, it is limited to {ru'e}/{na'oi}/{sai}/{cai} or combinations thereof (use {pei} to ask for the full range).

pei'e [experimental]
UI2
evidential question: how do you know that?
Asks for UI2 (evidential) category, though a more detailed explanation may also be given.

pei'i'a [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Apéry's constant ζ(3) = 1.202056903159594285399738161511449990764986292…

pei'o [experimental]
UI4
attitudinal category question: what is the category (UI4) of attitudinal?
Specifically asks about the UI4-category, either when attached to attitudinals or used alone. Valid answers include both the category on its own and a whole UI with additional specifiers (as long as the category is included). Of course, any relevant -nai or -cu'i of the category must be included in the answer.

pe'o
PEhO
forethought flag for mathematical expression (mex) Polish (forethought) operator.

pesai
GOI*
restrictive relative phrase marker: semi-permanently associated to; will remain associated unless something breaks that relation
Proposed as a variation of {po} with less semantic-boundary difficulties, while freeing up {po} for reassignment in dialects/forks. Legal ownership is a possible relation; it could also mean, say, the chair assigned to you in an office, which will remain 'your' chair until reassigned, where mere {pe} could just mean the one you're sitting on. {do'e}{sai} could be a variation to associate a bridi or the subject of the bridi, e.g. 'ti stizu do'esai mi'. See {pecai}, {pe}, {ponse}, {po'a}

pe'u
COI
vocative: please.

pi
-piz-
PA3
digit/number: radix (number base) point; default decimal.

pi'a
VUhU4
n-ary mathematical operator: operands are vectors to be treated as matrix rows.

pi'ai [experimental]
KE
Prefix multiplication of unit selbri
Cf. {te'ai}, {fei'u}. Used to construct selbri for units such as coulombs, which is pi'ai xampo snidu [ke'e] which is x1 is measured in Coulombs (Ampere-seconds) as x2 (li) etc. Since pi'ai is prefix, pi'ai mitre snidu grake [ke'e] is m s g, etc.; separate multipliers are not necessary.

pidu'e
PA*
number: too much of.

pi'e
PA3
digit/number:separates digits for base >16, not current standard, or variable (e.g. time, date).

pi'ei [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical/mekso binary operator: vector or function inner product over a field; the inner product of A and B over field C
The field is usually defined or implicitly clear from context. May be generalized to higher tensors over fields and which have many (or less) entries; in this case, it is tensor contraction.

pi'ei'au [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical ternary operator: not-greater-prime-counting function
Outputs the number of prime numbers that are less than or equal to the input value a according to ordering rules b in ring c; contextless default for c is the standard/typical ring of integers (Z,+,*); contextless default for b is the standard typical ordering of the ring, which is the 'normal' absolute value (signless difference/distance with/from 0) for the standard ring (Z,+,*); thus, it will usually operate as an unary operator. Usually denoted "π(n)" in the literature.

pi'ei'oi [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical ternary operator: prime-generating function
The a-th prime according to ordering rules b in ring c; contextless default for c is the standard/typical ring of integers (Z,+,*); contextless default for b is the standard typical ordering of the ring, which is the 'normal' absolute value (signless difference/distance with/from 0) for the standard ring (Z,+,*); thus, it will usually operate as an unary operator. The function must be defined over the set of strictly positive integers in/for the first operand; generalizations may be possible. Ignores units and 0. It begins counting at 1 [in/for the first operand]; under contextless default conditions, the outputs increase strictly monotonically with respect to increase in the first input [a], starting with the least prime in (Z,+,*), namely 2. Usually denoted "p_i" or "Prime" in the literature.

pi'i
VUhU1
n-ary mathematical operator: times; multiplication operator; [(((a * b) * c) * ...)].
see also {pilji}, {fe'i}

piji'i
PA*
number: approximately all of.

pimo'a
PA*
number: too little of.

pimu
PA*
half.
synonym {fi'ure}; see also {xadba}

pimucu'o
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert .5 to probability selbri; event x_1 has a 50/50 chance under cond. x_2.

pi'o
BAI
pilno modal, 1st place used by ...

piresi'e
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert .2 = 1/5 to portion selbri; x_1 is 1/5 of mass/totality x_2.

piro
PA*
number: all of.

pirosi'e
MOI*
quantified selbri: converts all-of to portion selbri; x_1 is the whole portion of mass x_2.

piso'a
PA*
number: almost all of.

piso'e
PA*
number: most of.

piso'i
PA*
number: much of.

pisoi'a
PA*
almost all of/almost 1/almost surely/almost certainly (technical sense)

piso'iroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: often; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.

pisoi'u
PA*
almost none of/almost 0/almost never/almost certainly not/nearly nothing of (technical sense)

piso'o
PA*
number: some of.

piso'u
PA*
number: a little of.

piso'uroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: rarely; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.

pisu'o
PA*
number: at least some of.

pi'u
-piv-
JOI
non-logical connective: cross product; Cartesian product of sets.

po
GOI
restrictive relative phrase marker: which is specific to ...; normal possessive physical/legal.

po'a [experimental]
BAI
ponse modal, 1st place: with possessor/owner...
See {ponse}, {po}

po'e
GOI
restrictive relative phrase marker: which belongs to ... ; inalienable possession.

poi
NOI
restrictive relative clause; attaches subordinate bridi with identifying information to a sumti.

po'i
BAI
porsi modal, 1st place (in order) sequentially; in the sequence ...

poi'a [experimental]
NOIhA
PA restrictive relative clause; attaches to a PA number/numeral/digit with the ke'a referring to that PA number/numeral/digit.
It attaches to the last mentioned PA, which can be only a single digit within a number rather than the entire number itself (if it has digit length greater than one in some base). Thus, beware of grouping. Confer: {noi'a}, {jau'au}. The attachment of this word to the immediately preceding word can be ovverriden by the usage of {xe'au}, which begins bracketing together an utterance/subexpression that will be considered to be the single and whole referent of the clause introduced by this word, wthe utterance of which also finishes the bracket. There is a proposal to expand the attachment of this word to any word spoken in a mekso utterance (rather than only members of selma'o PA), including members of selma'o VUhU, etc.

poi'i [experimental]
NU
x1 is such that poi'i abstraction is true; x1 binds ke'a within the abstraction.
Originally proposed by And Rosta around 2001.

po'o
UI3b
discursive: uniquely, only, solely: the only relevant case.
See also {pamei}, {mulno}, {frica}.

po'oi [experimental]
NOhOI
selbri restrictive relative clause; attaches to a selbri with the ke'a being "me'ei the attached-selbri"
Cf. {me'ei}, {me'au}, {no'oi}, {poi}.

po'u
GOI
restrictive appositive phrase marker: which is the same thing as.

pu
PU
time tense relation/direction: did [selbri]; before/prior to [sumti]; default past tense.

pu'a
BAI
pluka modal, 1st place pleased by ...

pu'ai [experimental]
BAI
pluta modal, 1st place: via route...
See {pluta}, {veka'a}

pu'au [experimental]
CUhE
tense: refers to past of current space/time reference absolutely
before the time of {nau}

puba
PU*
time tense: was going to; (tense/modal).

puca'a
PU*
time tense: past actuality; modal aspect.

puca'o
ZAhO*
time tense: was then; (tense/modal).

pu'e
BAI
pruce modal, 1st place (in manner 1) by process ...

pu'e'u'o [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: the Prouhet-Thue-Morse constant τ = 0.412454033640… (in decimal)
Binary expansion: .01101001100101101001011001101001…

pu'i
-pus-
CAhA
modal aspect: can and has; demonstrated potential.

pujeba
PU*
time tense: before and after; (tense/modal).

pujeca
PU*
time tense: before and during; (tense/modal).

pu'o
ZAhO
interval event contour: in anticipation of ...; until ... ; inchoative ----| |.

pupu
PU*
time tense: had earlier been; (tense/modal).

pu'u
-puv-
NU1
abstractor: process (event) abstractor; x_1 is process of [bridi] proceeding in stages x_2.

puza
PU*
time tense: a medium time before; (tense/modal).

puze'a
PU*
time tense: for a medium length interval some time in the past; (tense/modal).

puze'i
PU*
time tense: for a short interval some time in the past; (tense/modal).

puze'u
PU*
time tense: for a long interval some time in the past; (tense/modal).

puzi
PU*
time tense: a short time before; (tense/modal).

puzu
PU*
time tense: a long time before; (tense/modal).

puzuvukiku
PU*
time-tense discursive: a long time ago and far away; locks frame-of-reference of time and space
Commonly used similarly to English "once upon a time" in story introductions.

py
BY2
letteral for p.

ra
KOhA5
pro-sumti: a recent sumti before the last one, as determined by back-counting rules.

ra'a
BAI
srana modal, 1st place pertained to by ... (generally more specific).

ra'ai [experimental]
RAhAI
quotes a single non-meaning name in lojban (Must be lojban text and sounds) delimited by pauses
Similar to la'ai but used for single-word names.

ra'anai
BAI*
unrelated to... / regardless of...

ra'e
PA3
digit/number: repeating digits (of a decimal) follow.

rai
BAI
traji modal, 1st place with superlative ...

ra'i
BAI
krasi modal, 1st place from source/origin/starting point ...

ra'i'au [experimental]
UI5
attitudinal modifier: want this to last - (cu'i) accept this - (nai) want this to end soon
{ra'i'au} means that the speaker wants this situation or emotion to last.; From {ranji} + {au}; See also: {ra'i'aucu'i}, {ra'i'aunai}

ra'i'aucu'i
UI5
attitudinal modifier: want this to last - (cu'i) accept this - (nai) want this to end soon
{ra'i'au} means that the speaker will accept this situation or emotion; From {ranji} + {au}; See also: {ra'i'au}, {ra'i'aunai}

ra'i'aunai
UI5
attitudinal modifier: want this to last - (cu'i) accept this - (nai) want this to end soon
{ra'i'au} means that the speaker wants this situation or emotion to end soon.; From {ranji} + {au}; See also: {ra'i'au}, {ra'i'aucu'i}

ra'o
RAhO
flag GOhA to indicate pro-assignment context updating for all pro-assigns in referenced bridi.

ra'oi [experimental]
ZOhOI
single-word rafsi quote; quotes a single word delimited by pauses (in speech) or whitespace (in writing) and treats it as a rafsi
Useful for quoting rafsi that aren't legal words on their own. See http://mw.lojban.org/papri/unspeakable_rafsi_gotcha for details.

rau
PA4
digit/number: enough; subjective.

ra'u
UI3
discursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally.
See also {ralju}, {vajni}.

ra'ucu'i
UI*3
discursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally.

raumei
MOI*
quantified selbri: converts enough to cardinal; x_1 is a set with members x_2, enough by std. x_3.

raumoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: converts enough to ordinal; x_1 is enoughth among x_2, order rule x_3.

ra'unai
UI*3
discursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally.

re
-rel-
PA1
digit/number: 2 (digit) [two].

re'a
VUhU4
unary mathematical operator: matrix transpose/dual; A*.

re'au'e [experimental]
SE
the trivial selbri conversion - identity permutation of terbri
Outputs the terbri in the standard/original/trivial order: x1 broda x2 x3 x4 x5. Useful for answering '{se'u'o}' questions.

re'e
UI4
emotion category/modifier: religious/spiritual/worship - sacrilege.
See also {lijda}.

re'enai
UI*4
emotion category/modifier: spiritual/worship - sacrilege.

rei
PA2
digit/number: hex digit E (decimal 14) [fourteen].

re'i
COI
vocative: ready to receive - not ready to receive.

rei'e [experimental]
NAhE
scalar abator: slightly... / not very...
{rei'e}:{ru'e}:{milxe} ; {noi'e}:{na'oi}:{cnano} ; {sai'e}:{sai}:{mutce} ; {cai'e}:{cai}:{tcetce}. See http://mw.lojban.org/papri/zipcpi:_scalar_modifiers

re'inai
COI*
vocative: ready to receive - not ready to receive.

reki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 2,000 expressed with comma.

remai
MAI*
discursive: second utterance ordinal.

remei
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 2 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with the pair of members x_2.

remoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 2 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is second among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

reno
PA*
number/quantity: 20 [twenty].

renomei
MOI*
quantifier selbri: convert 20 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with the score of members x_2.

renono
PA*
number/quantity: 200 [two hundred].

re'o
FAhA3
location tense relation/direction; adjacent to/touching/contacting ...

reroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: twice; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.

re'u
ROI
converts number to an objectively quantified ordinal tense interval modifier; defaults to time.

ri
KOhA5
pro-sumti: the last sumti, as determined by back-counting rules.

ri'a
BAI
rinka modal, 1st place (phys./mental) causal because ...

ri'a ma
BAI*
sumti question asking for a physical cause; why?.

ri'anai
BAI*
na'e rinka modal, 1st place (phys./mental); regardless of cause ...
Cf. {na'e}, {rinka}.

ri'au [experimental]
KOhA5
pro-sumti: the next/immediately following sumti (as determined by back-counting rules applied forward)
Mostly stylistic in use, although certain word orders may help the audience understand what is being said more easily and thus this word can be more desired. Works basically the same as {ri} but counts forward; if this word were replaced by the referent sumti (the next sumti) and the next sumti were replaced by {ri}, the meaning of the sentence would not change at all.

ri'e
UI5
attitudinal modifier: release of emotion - emotion restraint.
See also {cniri'u}, {cnicru}.

ri'enai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: release of emotion - emotion restraint.

ri'i
BAI
lifri modal, 1st place patient/passive case tag; happens to...,experienced by...,with passive...

ri'o
VUhU4
trinary mathematical operator: [integral of a with respect to b over range c].

ri'oi [experimental]
LE
the latest aformentioned...; refers back to the most recently mentioned thing(s) that satisfies the x1 of the following predicate
See also {ri'oirkai}, {ri}, {ra}, {le}, {bi'unai}.

ri'u
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction; rightwards/to the right of ...

ro
-rol-
PA4
digit/number: each, all.

ro'a
UI4
emotion category/modifier: social - antisocial.
See also {jikca}.

ro'anai
UI*4
emotion category/modifier: social - antisocial.

ro'au'o [experimental]
BY1
shift to Latin alphabet (strictly)
(Part of a proposal to restrict definition of {lo'a} to strictly a Lojbanic (default/natural) script.)

roda
KOhA*
logically quantified universal sumti: everything (unless restricted).

ro'e
UI4
emotion category/modifier: mental - mindless.
See also {menli}.

ro'enai
UI*4
emotion category/modifier: mental - mindless.

roi
-rom-
-roi-
ROI
converts number to an objectively quantified tense interval modifier; defaults to time tense.

ro'i
UI4
emotion category/modifier: emotional - denying emotion.
See also {cinmo}.

ro'inai
UI*4
emotion category/modifier: emotional - denying emotion.

romai
MAI*
discursive utterance ordinal: finally; last utterance ordinal.

romoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: is final among; convert all to ordinal selbri; x_1 is last among x_2, rule x_3.

rone'e
PA*4
digit/number: least contextually-possible number
= {ro} + {ne'e}. Could mean {ni'u}{ro}, {no}/{no'ai}, or even "400/600" (SAT score), depending on context. See {da'ane'e}

ro'o
UI4
emotion category/modifier: physical - denying physical.
See also {xadni}.

ro'oi [experimental]
PA4
universal plural quantifier. ``All.''
``{ro'oi} {da}'' = ``{na} {ku} {su'oi} {da} {na} {ku}.'' cf. {ro} which is a universal singular quantifier.

ro'onai
UI*4
emotion category/modifier: physical - denying physical.

roroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: always; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.

ro'u
UI4
emotion category/modifier: sexual - sexual abstinence.
See also {cinse}.

ro'unai
UI*4
emotion category/modifier: sexual - sexual abstinence.

ru
KOhA5
pro-sumti: a remote past sumti, before all other in-use backcounting sumti.

ru'a
UI2
evidential: I postulate.
See also {sruma}.

ru'e
CAI
attitudinal: weak intensity attitude modifier.

ru'i
TAhE
tense interval modifier: continuously; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense.

ru'inai
TAhE*
tense interval modifier: occasional/intermittent/discontinuous; defaults as time tense.

ru'o
BY1
shift letterals to Cyrillic alphabet.

ru'u
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction; surrounding/annular ...

ry
BY2
letteral for r.

sa
SA
erase complete or partial utterance; next word shows how much erasing to do.

sa'a
UI3a
discursive: material inserted by editor/narrator (bracketed text).
See also {setca}.

sa'ai [experimental]
LOhAI
start quote of replacement for recent mistakenly uttered text
See {le'ai}.

sa'e
UI3
discursive: precisely speaking - loosely speaking.
See also {satci}, {jibni}.

sa'ei [experimental]
COI2
Converts following cmevla or zoi-quote into onomatopoeia. (bam! crash! kapow! etc.)
Narrower term than {tai'i}. See also {sance}, {ci'oi}, {ki'ai}.

sa'enai
UI*3
discursive: precisely speaking - loosely speaking.

sai
CAI
attitudinal: moderate intensity attitude modifier.

sa'i
VUhU4
n-ary mathematical operator: operands are vectors to be treated as matrix columns.

saibu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral: '!' symbol

sai'e [experimental]
NAhE
scalar intensifier: very...
{rei'e}:{ru'e}:{milxe} ; {noi'e}:{na'oi}:{cnano} ; {sai'e}:{sai}:{mutce} ; {cai'e}:{cai}:{tcetce}. See http://mw.lojban.org/papri/zipcpi:_scalar_modifiers

sa'o
VUhU4
trinary mathematical operator: [derivative of a with respect to b of degree c].

sau
BAI
sarcu modal, 1st place requiring ...

sa'u
UI3
discursive: simply - elaborating.
See also {sampu}, {pluja}.

sau'ei [experimental]
COI
vocative: celebratory cheer/hooray

sa'unai
UI*3
discursive: simply - elaborating.

se
-sel-
SE
2nd conversion; switch 1st/2nd places.

se'a
UI5
attitudinal modifier: self-sufficiency - dependency.
See also {sezysei}, {kantcu}.

se'anai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: self-sufficiency - dependency.

sebai
BAI*
bapli modal, 2nd place (forcing result) compelling event ...

seba'i
BAI*
basti modal, 2nd place instead of ...

sebau
BAI*
bangu modal, 2nd place (speakers) in language of speakers ...

sebe'ei
BAI
benre modal, 2nd place, which is the beneficiary of...
See {benre}.

sebe'i
BAI*
benji modal, 2nd place (message/cargo) transmitting ...

seca'i
BAI*
catni modal, 2nd place authoritatively; with authority over ...

secau
BAI*
claxu modal, 2nd place (lacking) without ...

seci'e
BAI*
ciste modal, 2nd place with system function ...

seci'o
BAI*
cinmo modal, 2nd place (shows attitude) emotionally; emoting ...

seci'u
BAI*
ckilu modal, 2nd place used in scalar negation on scale measuring ...

secu'u
BAI*
cusku modal, 2nd place (saying) expressively; expressing ...

sede'i
BAI*
detri modal, 2nd place (for letters) on the same date as ... ; label with event.

sedi'o
BAI*
diklo modal, 2nd place locally; at specific locus ...

sedu'i
BAI*
dunli modal, 2nd place (same as 1st); equal to ... [same as 1st place modal].

sedu'o
BAI*
djuno modal, 2nd place knowingly; knowing facts ...

sedu'u
NU*
compound abstractor: sentence/equation abstract; x_1 is text expressing [bridi] which is x_2.

se'e
BY1
following digits code a character (in ASCII, Unicode, etc.).

sefa'e
BAI*
fatne modal, 2nd place (same as 1st); backwards; in reversal of ...

sefi'e
BAI*
finti modal, 2nd place creatively; creating work ...

sega'a
BAI*
zgana modal, 2nd place observing ...

segau
BAI*
gasnu modal, 2nd place actor/agent case complement; actively; as active agent in doing ...

sei
SEI
start discursive (metalinguistic) bridi.

se'i
UI5
attitudinal modifier: self-oriented - other-oriented.
See also {sevzi}, {drata}.

se'i'a'o [experimental]
VUhU
unary mathematical operator: identity function id(a) = a
Outputs whatsoever value is inputted. A trivial function that is actually of some importance. See also: {dubyfancu}.

sei'au [experimental]
SEIhAU
terbri editor: passes the terbri value through the quoted function so that the sumti that fills it really is filling the output of the function
Terminated by itself ({sei'au}); explicit termination is always required; the sumti after it must be explicit (even if elliptical, such as with explicit use of {zo'e}). Inside the module formed by the "sei'au" brackets, at most three sumti (where this counting contracts connected sumti into one) can be specified. The first one is a {mau'au}-{zai'ai} quoted function (which is taken to be the operand of this word); it must be preceded (not necessarily immediately) by {li}; let f be this function. The second and third sumti each are a nonnegative integer (preceded by {li}); call them n and m respectively; n defaults to 1 and m defaults to the next (thus-far unfilled) terbri number for/of the current selbri unless these specifications are overridden by zmico; if the relevant selbri has no terbri following this word, then this default value of m causes this word to have no effect. The mth terbri of the selbri to which this construct applies will be passed through f before being filled by any sumti (including {zo'e}, explicit or implicit; terbri numbers start counting at 1 and increase by 1 with each new occurrence) for the next n occurrences of the aforementioned selbri in the discourse (with n = 1 counting the current occurrence; aside: a non-default value of m can thus affect the interpretation of an already-filled terbri of the currently open selbri in an afterthought manner); this counting is only done forward in the discourse/time, including the current selbri, never back through it. Thus, n = 0 effectively neutralizes this word, n being infinite causes the effect to be permanent. f being {zi'a'o} returns the terbri in question to its default value/understanding (according to zmico). It is important to realize that this word does not affect the mth terbri of all selbri, just of the one currently open when this word is utterred (no matter where it is positioned/nested in future costructs). If this word is in conflict with another usage of this word over the same terbri, follow the specification applied by the most recent still active occurrence of this construct; this construct is considered to be active for this purpose until its-n occurrences of the appropriate terbri are uttered; thus if the earlier-n is greater than the later-n, the later effect takes precedent until it is disactivated, after which point the earlier effect resumes. Define n and m (and f) outside of the module created by brackets of this word if you wish to reuse them; for the sake of future referencing the value specified within the module, n gets reduced/decremented by 1 at each occurrence of the appropriate terbri until it reaches the value 0 (at which value it remains forever after); if n is a series of connected numbers, this decrementation is applied to each connectand in turn. Use {pi'u} (possibly subscripted) in order to simplify utterances. Especially helpful if f is non-injective. The affected terbri must be referenced by {ce'u} as an operand of f wheresoever it is desired; this reference must be explicit. Let 'broda' be the currentry open selbri; then this word replaces broda_m with f(broda_m) in the definition of 'broda' for the next n occurrences of the terbri. For example, if f were {cu'a}, then any sumti which fills broda_m will be understood to be doing so in absolute value. See also: {de'ai}.

se'i'i [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Sierpiński constant K = π(2 Log_e(2) + 3Log_e(π) + 2γ - 4Log_e(Γ(1/4)) ≈ 2.584981759579253217065893587383…

sei'i [experimental]
UI2
evidential: stereotypically...
See {sei'inai}, {lemkai}, {kesri}, {ka'u}, {su'a}, {le'e}

sei'inai
UI*2
evidential: avoiding stereotypes...
See {sei'i}, {lemkai}, {kesri}, {le'e}

se'inai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: self-oriented - other-oriented.

sei'o [experimental]
SEIhO
selbri terminator
Elidable terminator for selbri-groups/tanru. Represented by the pseudo-cmavo "SF" (selbri fanmo) in some parsers. Might have some use for attitudinals, and certain experimental constructs.

sei'u'e [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: ideal first Skewe's constant Sk_1 ; the first (minimal positive) infimum for which all greater x in some neighborhood have the property that it is false that the prime counting function at x is less than the logarithmic integral function at x
Somewhat dependent on the conclusive truth of the Riemann hypothesis. Humans do not currently know this value precisely, but it is greater than 10^14 and less than 1.39822*10^316

seja'e
BAI*
jalge modal, 2nd place (event causal) results because of ...

seja'enai
BAI*
na'e jalge modal, 2nd place (event causal); results regardless of ...
Cf. {na'e}, {se}, {jalge}.

seja'i
BAI*
javni modal, 2nd place orderly; by rule prescribing ...

seji'e
BAI*
jimte modal, 2nd place limitedly; as a limit of ...

seji'o
BAI*
jitro modal, 2nd place controlledly; controlling/guiding aspects ...

seji'u
BAI*
jicmu modal, 2nd place (from basis) supporting ...; as a basis for ...

seka'a
BAI*
klama modal, 2nd place with destination ...

sekai
BAI*
ckaji modal, 2nd place (quality) characterized by ...; with property ...

seka'i
BAI*
krati modal, 2nd place representingly; on behalf of ...

sekai ma
BAI*
sumti question asking for a characteristic property/quality; which?.

seki'i
BAI*
ckini modal, 2nd place (same as 1st) related to ...

seki'u
BAI*
krinu modal, 2nd place reason therefore ...

seki'unai
BAI*
krinu modal, 2nd place reason nevertheless ...

seko'au
BAI*
kosmu modal, 2nd place: "which is the purpose of..."
See {ko'au}, {kosmu}

sekoi
BAI*
korbi modal, 2nd place (bounding) as boundary of ...

seku'u
BAI*
kulnu modal, 2nd place (people) in culture of ...

sela'u
BAI*
klani modal, 2nd place in quantity ...; measured as ...

sele'a
BAI*
klesi modal, 2nd place as a category of/within ...

seli'e
BAI*
lidne modal, 2nd place preceding ...;leading ... ; non-time sequence.

sema'e
BAI*
marji modal, 2nd place made of material/composition ...

sema'i
BAI*
manri modal, 2nd place (of reference) as a reference standard for observing ...

semau
BAI*
zmadu modal, 2nd place (relative!) more than ...; usually a sumti modifier.

semaunai
BAI*
zmadu modal, 2nd place (relative!) not more than ...; usually a sumti modifier.

seme'a
BAI*
mleca modal, 2nd place (relative!) less than ...; usually a sumti modifier.

seme'anai
BAI*
mleca modal, 2nd place (relative!) not less than ...; usually a sumti modifier.

seme'e
BAI*
cmene modal, 2nd place (the named one) as a name for ...

semu'i
BAI*
mukti modal, 2nd place motive therefore ...; motivating action ...

semu'inai
BAI*
mukti modal, 2nd place motive nevertheless ...

semu'u
BAI*
mupli modal, 2nd place as an example of property ...

sene'i
FAhA3
location tense relation/direction; containing / enclosing...
See {ne'i}, {vasru}, {nenri}

seni'i
BAI*
nibli modal, 2nd place entails therefore ...

seni'inai
BAI*
nibli modal, 2nd place entails nevertheless ...

se'o
UI2
evidential: I know by internal experience (dream, vision, or personal revelation).
See also {senva}.

se'o'e [experimental]
SE
elliptical/generic/unspecific/vague selbri conversion
Basically says 'in some (id est: at least one) ordering/permutation, these arguments and this selbri make sense [and I claim the produced sentence]'. The ordering may be complicated, or it could even be the case that multiple orderings work. Can be useful for when one does not quite remember or care about the exact definition of a brivla, including in sumti; can also be useful when the conversion is particularly complicated, when a desired terbri has a large index, or when multiple conversions are true; it is an allowed, if unhelpful, response to {se'u'o}.

sepa'a
BAI*
panra modal, 2nd place similarly; similar to ...

sepa'u
BAI*
pagbu modal, 2nd place (whole) partially; as a part of ...

sepi'o
BAI*
pilno modal, 2nd place (instrumental) tool/machine/apparatus/acting entity; using (tool) ...

sepo'i
BAI*
porsi modal, 2nd place sequentially; sequenced by rules ...
"Under (total) ordering"

sepu'a
BAI*
pluka modal, 2nd place (for) pleasingly; pleasing ...; in order to please ...

sepu'e
BAI*
pruce modal, 2nd place (inputs) processing from inputs ...

sera'a
BAI*
srana modal, 2nd place (pertaining to) relevantly; concerning ... (less specific).

serai
BAI*
traji modal, 2nd place (property) -est; most extremely; superlative in ...

sera'i
BAI*
krasi modal, 2nd place originally; as an origin/starting point of ...

seri'a
BAI*
rinka modal, 2nd place (phys./mental) causal therefore ...

seri'anai
BAI*
rinka modal, 2nd place (phys./mental) causal nevertheless ...

seri'i
BAI*
lifri modal, 2nd place experiencing ...; undergoing ...

sesau
BAI*
sarcu modal, 2nd place (process) necessarily; necessary for ...

sesi'u
BAI*
sidju modal, 2nd place assisting ... (in doing/maintaining something).

setai
BAI*
tamsmi modal, 2nd place similarly; resembling ... (in ideal form).
{tamsmi} is x_1 resembles x_2 sharing ideal form/shape x_3 in property x_4

seta'i
BAI*
tadji modal, 2nd place methodically; as a method for doing ...

setese
SE*
complicated selbri conversion: exchange x2 and x3
Equivalent to {tesete}.

seti'i
BAI*
stidi modal, 2nd place suggestively; suggesting (idea/action) ...

seti'u
BAI*
tcika modal, 2nd place (for letters) at the same time as ... ; label with event.

setu'i
BAI*
stuzi modal, 2nd place as a location of ...

se'u
SEhU
elidable terminator: end discursive bridi or mathematical precedence;usually elidable.

se'u'o [experimental]
SE
selbri conversion question
Asks for the SE word that is intended (or at least makes the sentence true). Subscript a set of numbers that represent the order of terbri in question; the subscripted set can be a set of ordered or unordered tuples, specifying exactly which terbri may be exchanged. 'la .ralf. se'u'o xi li re ce li ci pi'u li re cebo li ci klama by boi cy' = 'Did Ralph come to B from C or to C from B?' (notably, 'Did B come to Ralph from C?' is not a possible option for answering the question). An answer is a SE string that is allowed by the selbri and by the subscripts; continuing the example, if the response is 'Ralph went to C from B', one would respond with '.i {setese}'. Any SE word works for the general question possibility (which is the unrestricted/non-subscripted case). Essentially 'se'u'o xi sy' is equivalent to 'se xi li xo poi ke'a cmima sy' (where '{te}' is basically understood as ' se xi li jo'i pa boi ci te'u ', etc.), but the answer can be a complicated ordered sequence/string of SE words; this word complements specifically {fi'a} in the typical/same way that SE complements FA. Typically, leaving the subscripted set vague or not completely free of every possible semantic or syntactic pathology is perfectly fine; syntax and practicality will typically restrict it enough for reasonable responses to be made. See also: {re'au'e} (which alone would be used in answering that 'Ralph goes to B from C' in the previous question).

seva'o
BAI*
vanbi modal, 2nd place (environment) as conditions/environment of/for ...

seva'u
BAI*
xamgu modal, 2nd place beneficiary case tag for the benefit of...; with beneficiary ...

sezau
BAI*
zanru modal, 2nd place approvingly; approving ...

sezu'e
BAI*
zukte modal, 2nd place purposefully; goalfully acting at ...

si
SI
erase the last Lojban word, treating non-Lojban text as a single word.

si'a
UI3b
discursive: similarly.
See also {simsa}, {panra}.

si'ai [experimental]
UI
marks a construct as being a reference/allusion - explicit marker of divorce/isolation of a construct from any external allusions that may come to mind
The subject of the allusion may be general cultural knowledge or to another utterance, especially in the same work/text/speech. There is an intent by the utterer to bring to mind somewhat external pieces of knowledge that are somewhat similar or relate to the marked construct in some (unspecified) manner. The audience is expected to understand but need not actually be able to do so. The subject of the allusion can be included via, for example, a {to}-{toi} construct. The allusion can be an exact or nearly-exact quotation or can be more loose/vague; the intensity of the marker will give some indication to this. The negation of this word marks a construct as standing on its own, independent and isolated/divorced from any potential allusions that may inadvertently arise. This is a rhetorical device. See also: {sitna}, {simsa}, {pau'ai}.

si'au [experimental]
UI2
evidential: it seems that...

si'e
MOI
convert number to portion selbri; x_1 is an (n)th portion of mass/totality x_2; (cf. gunma).

si'i
VUhU4
trinary mathematical operator: [sigma summation of a using variable b over range c].

si'o
-siz-
NU
abstractor: idea/concept abstractor; x_1 is x_2's concept of [bridi].

si'oi'e [experimental]
mekso unary operator: the result of the logistic function applied to/at a; 1/(1+\\operatorname {e}^(-a)), where \\operatorname {e} is the natural base

si'o ze'ei du'u
NU*
abstractor: x_1 is x_2's concept of [bridi] (proposition or {kau}-question)
= {lo} {sidbo} {be} {lo} {du'u}. See {si'o}, {ze'ei}, {kau}

si'o ze'ei ka
NU*
abstractor: x_1 is x_2's concept of the property [bridi]
= {sidbo} {be} {lo} {ka}. See {si'o}, {ze'ei}

si'o ze'ei nu
NU*
abstractor: x_1 is x_2's concept of the event [bridi]
= {sidbo} {be} {lo} {nu}. See {si'o}, {ze'ei}

si'o ze'ei poi'i
NU*
abstractor: x_1 is x_2's concept of the object bound to {ke'a} and described by [bridi]
= {lo} {sidbo} {be} {lo} {poi'i}. See {si'o}, {ze'ei}

si'u
BAI
sidju modal, 1st place (aiding agent) aided by ...

slaka bu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral: Lojban ',' character.

so
-soz-
PA1
digit/number: 9 (digit) [nine].

so'a
-soj-
PA4
digit/number: almost all (digit/number).

so'e
-sop-
PA4
digit/number: most.

so'eroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: usually; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.

soi
SOI
discursive: reciprocal sumti marker; indicates a reciprocal relationship between sumti.

so'i
-sor-
-so'i-
PA4
digit/number: many.

soi'a [experimental]
PA
almost all/almost every/almost everywhere (technical sense): there is a conull subset of such things that are satisfactory
Can be used as a quantifier. See also: {soi'u}, {pisoi'a}

so'imei
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert many to cardinal; x_1 is a set with many members x_2 of total set x_3.

so'iroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: many times; objective tense; defaults as time tense.

soi'u [experimental]
PA
almost none/almost no/almost nowhere (technical sense): the subset of satisfactory such things is null
Can be used as a quantifier. See also: {soi'a}, {pisoi'u}

soki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 9,000 expressed with comma.

somoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 9 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is ninth among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

sono
PA*
number/quantity: 90 [ninety].

sonono
PA*
number/quantity: 900 [nine hundred].

so'o
-sos-
PA4
digit/number: several.

sosoce'i
PA*
number/quantity: 99% (number).

so'u
-sot-
PA4
digit/number: few.

so'uroi
ROI*
tense interval modifier: a few times; objective tense; defaults as time tense.

sozepimu
PA*
number/quantity: 97.5.

su
SU
erase to start of discourse or text; drop subject or start over.

su'a
UI2
evidential: I generalize - I particularize; discursive: abstractly - concretely.
See also {sucta}, {sucni'i}.

su'ai [experimental]
PA4
digit/number: precise to within the stated sigfigs (significant figures/digits); approximately, measured to be approximately, with some error/rounding
In the {su'e} and {su'o} family. See also: {su'au}.

su'anai
UI*2
evidential: I generalize - I particularize; discursive: abstractly - concretely.

su'au [experimental]
PA4
digit/number: exact, exactly equal to, no more and no less, mathematically ideally (no measuring or rounding error)
In the {su'e} and {su'o} family. In some sense, it is equivalent to {su'e} {je} {su'o}; in some sense, it emphasizes the exact equality; but it also can distinguish results from data/measurements and mathematical truths. See also: {su'ai}.

su'e
-sup-
-su'e-
PA4
digit/number: at most (all); no more than.

su'ei [experimental]
SE
shows that the first two places have a reciprocal relation
'mi do su'ei damba' is the same as 'mi do se xi vei pa .e re damba' and means "We fight with each other"

su'ero
PA*4
digit/number: any number
"Not more than all"; idiom to indicate that any number (within contextual limits, i.e. {rone'e} {bi'i} {ro}) would satisfy the predicate. {su'o}{no} "at least zero" is also usable in contexts where negative numbers aren't meaningful (e.g. most quantifiers). See {xe'e}, {xo'e}

su'i
VUhU1
n-ary mathematical operator: plus; addition operator; [(((a + b) + c) + ...)].
See also {vu'u}, {sumji}

su'ifa'uvu'u
VUhU*
mekso operator: plus or minus with order important, (((a±b)±c)±...±z)
Strictly not "positive or negative" (if order matters, use {ma'ufa'uni'u} instead for that purpose). Subscript {fa'u} when multiple such operators (including "positive or negative" and others) are in use but are applied independently. This word is more useful and more general in mathematics than {su'ijavu'u} is, but is perhaps/arguably less general(ly useful) in Lojban, syntactically speaking, since not all statements have multiple occurrences of {fa'u} that may be linked.

su'ijavu'u
VUhU*
mekso operator: plus or minus, (((a±b)±c)±...±z)
Strictly not "positive or negative" (which is {ma'ujani'u} vel sim.). This word is general but could easily be replaced by {su'ijonaivu'u} when the two options are not equivalent (usually when none of the operands are 0). Not preferred in complicated expressions wherein order of operations is important: see {su'ifa'uvu'u} or {su'ifa'u'aivu'u}.

su'o
-suz-
-su'o-
PA4
digit/number: at least (some); no less than.

su'oi [experimental]
PA4
existential plural quantifier. ``There is/are.''
``{su'oi} {da}'' = ``{na} {ku} {ro'oi} {da} {na} {ku}.'' cf. {su'o} which is an existential singular quantifier.

su'oremei
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert at least 2 to cardinal selbri; x_1 is a set with plural membership x_2.

su'oremoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert at least 2 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is at-least-2nd among x_2 by rule x_3.

su'u
-suv-
NU
abstractor: generalized abstractor (how); x_1 is [bridi] as a non-specific abstraction of type x_2.

sy
BY2
letteral for s.

ta
-taz-
KOhA6
pro-sumti: that there; nearby demonstrative it; indicated thing/place near listener.

ta'a
COI
vocative: interruption.

ta'ai [experimental]
pro-bridi: Quotes a single Lojban word, and turns it into the bridi, "x_1 is the same word-shape as the quoted word"
See {vlatai}.

ta'e
TAhE
tense interval modifier: habitually; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense.

ta'ei [experimental]
UI3
discursive: reconsideration of statement - continuing (on) in that line of thought/discussion
Common English phrases that may (based on context) indicate reconsideration of what has been or was about to be said: reconsider, back-pedal, "On second thought", second thinking, "Eh", "Never mind", "Forget that (all)", "I should not have said that", "Actually, ...", conversational U-turn, revise, retrace (with intent to brush aside/over, ignore, move in different direction of conversation), reevaluate, reweigh, review, rethink (that), emend/correct (with intent to avoid a certain path of discussion), etc.

ta'enai
TAhE*
tense interval modifier: non-habitually; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense.

tai
BAI
tamsmi modal, 1st place (like)/(in manner 2) resembling ...; sharing ideal form ...
{tamsmi} is x_1 resembles x_2 sharing ideal form/shape x_3 in property x_4

ta'i
BAI
tadji modal, 1st place (in manner 3) methodically; by method ...

tai da'i
BAI+UI
like ..., resembling ..., as if ...

tai da'inai
BAI+UI*
as ..., in the form of ..., in the role of ...

tai'e'i [experimental]
VUhU?
mekso unary operator: basic Schlafli symbol composer (defined only on ordered lists)
Given an ordered (typically finite) list (which is a single object) of zero or more (probably nonnegative) rational numbers, L = (X_1, X_2, ..., X_n). This word composes them in order into a Schlafli symbol S(L) with these entries exactly and without any entries that do not appear in the list so as to produce an (n-1)-dimensional regular polytope. For example: L = () implies that S(L) = S(()) is a line segment. Where L = (6), S(L) = S((6)) is a regular convex hexagon; generally, for integer X_1 > 2, S((X_1)) is a proper convex regular (X_1)-gon. S((X_1, X_2) is a proper convex regular polyhedron with polygonal faces being all of form S((X_1)) such that they are arranged with X_2 touching at each vertex of the polyhedron. Star polytopes and tessellations are supported. More general notation such as Schlafli symbols prefixed by a letter/acted upon by a function, which are affixed with/multiplied by a number or other symbols, which contain "|", etc. are not presently supported in this definition; only the most basic/classic Schlafli symbols (those composed of a single pair of curly braces containing rational numbers separated only by commas, and nothing else) are presently supported. Certain operators (such as "half", "alter", etc., as well as Cartesian product, "add"/"plus", and "join", and affixation of other numbers or symbols) have somewhat special definitions on Schlafli symbols; they are presently not supported in Lojban (but this will hopefully soon change). Not all ordered lists will produce good output. See also: {tarmrclefli}

tai'i [experimental]
COI2
Converts following cmevla or zoi-quote into phenomime.
Broader term than {ci'oi} and {sa'ei}. See also {tai}, {tamsmi}, {ki'ai}. Examples in some languages. jpn: しーん (shiin): soundlessly. kor: 슬슬 (seul-seul): gently. nep: हत्तपत्त (hattapatta): immediately.

tai'i'e [experimental]
VUhU
mekso unary operator: Kleene star - X1*

ta'i ma
BAI*
sumti question asking for a method; how?.

ta'iroda
anyway, under any method

ta'o
UI3
discursive: by the way - returning to main point.
See also {denpa}, {cneterta'a}.

ta'oi [experimental]
TAhOI
explicit indicator that the speaker is completing/continuing a previously uttered bridi in the discourse
The following text, until the next usage of .{i}, will be interpreted as being attached to a previous bridi, most likely, the most recently uttered one in the discourse/conversation that was not closed with .{i}.

ta'onai
UI*3
discursive: by the way - returning to main point.

tau
LAU
2-word letteral/shift: change case for next letteral only.

ta'u
UI3a
discursive: expanding the tanru - making a tanru.
See also {tanru}.

tau'e [experimental]
LAhE
the abstraction described by text; turns text sumti into abstraction sumti
= {tu'a} {la'e}. See {tu'ai}, {du'au}

ta'unai
UI*3a
discursive: making a tanru - expanding the tanru.

tau'o [experimental]
TAUhO
Following lujvo takes the form of a tanru (place structure of the lujvo is the same as the last rafsi/gismu)

tau'u [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: tau (approximately 6.2831...). The constant defined by the ratio of the circumference to the radius of all circles.

te
-ter-
SE
3rd conversion; switch 1st/3rd places.

te'a
VUhU2
binary mathematical operator: to the power; exponential; [a to the b power].
see {tenfa}

te'ai [experimental]
XI
Exponentiation of unit selbri
With {pi'ai}, this word can be used to construct unit selbri; see the notes of {pi'ai} for a simple example. A full example is the units of acceleration, pi'ai mitre snidu te'ai ni'u re [ke'e]. See also {fei'u}

te'au [experimental]
iterated Cartesian product with self: A × A × ... × A, n times.
Probably belongs to selma'o VUhU but, since it is iterated JOI, there is the case for that. First argument A is a set or similar object; second argument n is a nonnegative integer; the result is the cross-product of A with itself n times. Used as a shortcut for longer, arguably more preferable, constructions so that one can more closely say "R three" and mean R^3. Emphatically not equivalent to exponentiation; it only works on sets and similar objects. See also: {te'a}, {pi'u}, {se'au}.

te'au'u [experimental]
VUhU
mekso ternary operator: Knuth up-arrow notation: a \\textasciicircum{}…\\textasciicircum{} b with c-2 arrows ("\\textasciicircum{}") initially, evaluated from right to left; the cth hyperoperator on a by b
c must be a nonnegative integer. c=0 is the lowest-order hyperoperator in the structure. Thus, for integers: c=0 is succession of/on b (in which case a can be omitted or be any number), c=1 is addition, c=2 is multiplication, c=3 is exponentiation, c=4 is tetration, etc. Notice that right-grouping is in effect for all c; thus x*(y*z) is calculated, rather than (x*y)*z.

tebau
BAI*
bangu modal, 3rd place (expression) language expressing ...

tebe'i
BAI*
benji modal, 3rd place (source) sent to receiver ...

teca'i
BAI*
catni modal, 3rd place authoritatively; with basis of authority ...

teci'e
BAI*
ciste modal, 3rd place of system components ...

teci'o
BAI*
cinmo modal, 3rd place (attitude about) emotionally; emoting about ...

tecu'u
BAI*
cusku modal, 3rd place (3rd party hearsay) as told to ...

tede'i
BAI*
detri modal, 3rd place on a date measured at location ...

tedi'o
BAI*
diklo modal, 3rd place locally; at specific locus within range ...

tedu'i
BAI*
dunli modal, 3rd place equally; equal in property ...

tedu'o
BAI*
djuno modal, 3rd place knowingly; knowing about ...

te'e
FAhA3
location tense relation/direction; edged by/edging up to ...

tefi'e
BAI*
finti modal, 3rd place creatively; created for purpose ...

tega'a
BAI*
zgana modal, 3rd place observed by means ...

tei
TEI
composite letteral follows; used for multi-character letterals.

te'i [experimental]
BAI
at a point on time axis
{temjudri} modal. See also {de'i} and {ti'u}. ex.) su'o da nuntumdesku te'i li re no pa mu pi'e mu pi'e ci no pi'e re no pi'e re vo noi sinxa lo mentu ku'o te te'i u'y ty cy xi ma'u so (There was an earthquake at 2015-05-30 20:24 UTC+9.) / su'o da nuntumdesku te'i li re vo mu ze pa ze re pi so ze mu te te'i la juli'us (There was an earthquake at 2457172.975 of Julian date.)

te'i'o [experimental]
UI3
discursive: specified by the speaker - unspecified by the speaker
Used to indicate that a referent(s) of the preceding word/structure (usually sumti) is/are specified by the speaker; See also {steci}, {sanji}

tei'u [experimental]
TEIhU
elidable terminator of a JAhOI construct
See also: {ja'oi}

teja'i
BAI*
javni modal, 3rd place orderly; by rule within system ...

teji'e
BAI*
jimte modal, 3rd place limitedly; limited in property/domain ...

teji'o
BAI*
jitro modal, 3rd place controlledly; controlling event ...

teka'a
BAI*
klama modal, 3rd place with origin ...

teka'i
BAI*
krati modal, 2nd place representingly; representing in matter...

teki'i
BAI*
ckini modal, 3rd place with relation ...

tekoi
BAI*
korbi modal, 3rd place (bounding) bordering ...

tela'u
BAI*
klani modal, 3rd place quantity measured on scale ...

tele'a
BAI*
klesi modal, 3rd place (category) defined by quality ...

teli'e
BAI*
lidne modal, 3rd place ordered within sequence ...; non-time sequence.

tema'e
BAI*
marji modal, 3rd place in material form ...

tema'i
BAI*
manri modal, 3rd place (of reference) observed/measured with/by rules ...

temau
BAI*
zmadu modal, 3rd place (relative!) more than/exceeding in property ...

teme'a
BAI*
mleca modal, 3rd place (relative!) less than in property ...

teme'e
BAI*
cmene modal, 3rd place as a name used by ...

temu'i
BAI*
mukti modal, 3rd place motivated/motivating per the volition of ...

temu'u
BAI*
mupli modal, 3rd place as an example out of the set of ...

teni'i
BAI*
nibli modal, 3rd place entailment under logic system ...

te'o
PA5
digit/number: exponential e (approx 2.71828...).

te'oi'i [experimental]
mekso n-ary operator: tensor product/exterior product; letting "¤" denote the tensor product, A_1 ¤ A_2 ¤...¤ A_{n} .
Frequently denoted by a circled saltire. For all i, A_i must be a tensor.

te'oi'oi [experimental]
TEhOIhOI
terminator, mekso: terminates the listing of an ordered sequence of indices for a tensor
Terminates members of selma'o GAhUhAU.

tepa'a
BAI*
panra modal, 3rd place (property) contrastingly; contrasting in property ...

tepi'o
BAI*
pilno modal, 3rd place (instrumental) a tool usage for purpose ...

tepo'i
BAI*
porsi modal, 3rd place sequentially; as an order on set of items ...

tepu'a
BAI*
pluka modal, 3rd place pleasingly; being pleasing under conditions ...

tepu'e
BAI*
pruce modal, 3rd place (outputs) processing into outputs ...

terai
BAI*
traji modal, 3rd place (superlative) -est; most extremely; at extreme ...

teri'a
BAI*
rinka modal, 3d place (phys./mental) causally under conditions ...

tesau
BAI*
sarcu modal, 3rd place (conditions 2) necessarily; necessarily under ...

tesete
SE*
complicated selbri conversion: exchange x2 and x3
Equivalent to {setese}.

tesi'u
BAI*
sidju modal, 3rd place assisting in doing/maintaining/achieving ...

tetai
BAI*
tamsmi modal, 3rd place similarly; sharing common ideal form ...
{tamsmi} is x_1 resembles x_2 sharing ideal form/shape x_3 in property x_4

teta'i
BAI*
tadji modal, 3rd place methodically doing (something) under conditions ...

teti'i
BAI*
stidi modal, 3rd place suggestively; suggested to ...

teti'u
BAI*
tcika modal, 3rd place (for letters) as a time on day ...

te'u
TEhU
elidable terminator: end conversion between non-mex and mex; usually elidable.

teva'u
BAI*
xamgu modal, 3rd place good/beneficial by standard ...

tezu'e
BAI*
zukte modal, 3rd place purposefully; (as an action) with goal ...

ti
-tif-
KOhA6
pro-sumti: this here; immediate demonstrative it; indicated thing/place near speaker.

ti'a
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction; rearwards/to the rear of ...

ti'e
UI2
evidential: I hear (hearsay).
See also {tirna}, {sitna}, {tcidu}.

ti'i
BAI
stidi modal, 1st place suggested by ...; proposed by ...

ti'o
SEI
mathematical expression (mex) operator precedence (discursive).

ti'u
BAI
tcika modal, 1st place (for letters) associated with time ... ; attach time stamp.

ti'u'a [experimental]
BAI
at N o'clock; at the hour N of the day.
{djecacrytcika} modal. ex. lo trene cu cliva ti'u'a li so (The train departs at nine o'clock.) See also {ti'u}; {ti'u'e}, {ti'u'i}.

ti'u'e [experimental]
BAI
at the minute N of the hour.
{cacryme'utcika} modal. ex. mi ti xrukla ti'u'e li ci no (I will be back at thirty minutes past the hour.) See also {ti'u}; {ti'u'a}, {ti'u'i}.

ti'u'i [experimental]
BAI
at the second N of the minute.
{metnidytcika} modal. ex. samymri ti mi ti'u'i li vo xa (This was e-mailed to me at 46 seconds past the minute.) See also {ti'u}; {ti'u'a}, {ti'u'e}.

to
TO
left parenthesis; start of parenthetical note which must be grammatical Lojban text.

to'a
BY1
lower-case letteral shift.

to'ai [experimental]
SE
conversion: move ['drag-and-drop'] 3rd place to 1st position. Everything else stays in the same order.
Before: x1 x2 x3 x4 x5, after: x3 x1 x2 x4 x5. Has the same effect as "te se". Proposed rafsi: -toz-

to'e
-tol-
-to'e-
NAhE
polar opposite scalar negator.

to'ebo
NAhE+BO
negation sumti qualifier: the opposite of.
Cf. {to'e}, {bo}, {na'ebo}, {no'ebo}, {je'abo}.

to'ei'au [experimental]
VUhU
binary mathematical operator: Jordan totient function J_a(b)
Produces the number of a-tuples of strictly positive integers all less than or equal to b that form a coprime (a+1)-tuple together with b. J_1=Phi where Phi is the Euler totient function.

to'eki'unai
BAI*
na'e tolki'u modal, first place; despite the reason...
Cf. {na'e} {tolki'u}

to'emu'inai
BAI*
na'e tolmu'i modal, first place; despite the motive...
Cf. {na'e}, {tolmu'i}.

to'eni'inai
BAI*
na'e tolni'i modal, first place; despite the logically sufficient condition...
Cf. {na'e}, {tolni'i}.

to'eri'anai
BAI*
na'e tolri'a modal, first place; despite the cause...
Cf. {na'e}, {tolri'a}.

toi
TOI
elidable terminator: right parenthesis/end unquote; seldom elidable except at end of text.

to'i
TO
open editorial unquote (within a quote); contains grammatical text; mark with editorial insert.

toi'e [experimental]
TOIhE
start UI-applicative metalinguistic UI-parenthetical
Presently (without this word), there is no "official" way to apply a UI cmavo to another (instead, they merely express simultaneous emotions pertaining to the relevant construct). This word begins a parenthetical which can contain UI cmavo and applies these cmavo as a string of UI to the immediately previous UI cmavo metalinguistically (as if the external UI is/are any other type of word which can be acted upon by UI). An omitted UI (external or internal) in this case is equivalent to {ge'e}. Since the produced parenthetical functions as UI, nested or subsequent such parentheticals operate on it as it operates on external UI cmavo. For details on grouping and application, see {koi'e}. See also: {toi'o}.

toi'o [experimental]
TOIhO
end UI-applicative metalinguistic UI-parenthetical (elidable terminator)
Terminates {toi'e} parenthetical. Inherently functions as {fu'o} (only if abstraction-level and otherwise appropriately accessed) on any internal UI cmavo, with the added functionality of metalinguistic application. See also: {toi'e}.

to'o
FAhA4
location tense relation/direction; departing from/directly away from ...

to'u
UI3
discursive: in brief - in detail.
See also {tordu}, {clani}, {tcidu}.

to'unai
UI*3
discursive: in brief - in detail.

tu
-tuf-
KOhA6
pro-sumti: that yonder; distant demonstrative it; indicated thing far from speaker&listener.

tu'a
LAhE
extracts a concrete sumti from an unspecified abstraction; equivalent to le nu/su'u [sumti] co'e.

tu'ai [experimental]
LU
abstraction described by quoted text
Turns any grammatical quoted text into an abstraction. Terminated by {li'u}. Equivalent to {tu'a} {la'e} {lu}, or {du'au} {lu}. See {tau'e}.

tu'e
TUhE
start of multiple utterance scope; used for logical/non-logical/ordinal joining of sentences.

tu'ei [experimental]
SE
makes a new selbri, the first two places of which are to be filled with sumti from the first two abstraction places of the selbri following this word
'ko'a jai broda tu'a ko'e' = 'ko'a tu'ei broda ko'e'

tu'i
BAI
stuzi modal, 1st place (used to situate letters) associated with site ... ; label with location.

tu'o
PA5
null operand (used in unary mekso operations).
See also {xo'e}.

tu'oi [experimental]
KOhA7
null connective operand; used to fill empty places in JOI
Used with JOI to create sets/masses/sequences containing zero or one members. "{tu'oi} {ce} {tu'oi}" = the empty set ({lo} {kutysetmima}), "la .djon. {joi} {tu'oi}" = the mass consisting of only John. See {tu'o}, {zi'o}, {zai'o}

tu'u
TUhU
elidable terminator: end multiple utterance scope; seldom elidable.

ty
BY2
letteral for t.

u
A
logical connective: sumti afterthought whether-or-not.

ua
UI1
attitudinal: discovery - confusion/searching.
See also {facki}, {cfipu}, {sisku}.

u'a
UI1
attitudinal: gain - loss.
See also {jinga}, {selne'u}, {prali}, {cirko}.

uai [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: friendly/friendishly/amicably/companionship/compatriotship/comradeship - antagonistically/enemyishly
See also: {ai}, {au}, {iu}, {o'e}, {ua}, {ui}, {kansa}, {pendo}, {prami}

u'ai [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: triumph/victory - draw/tie/inconclusive - defeat/loss
Does not imply superiority. Related to: {io}, {o'a}, {ui}, {oinai}, {uo}, {u'a}.

uanai
UI*1
attitudinal: discovery - confusion/searching.

u'anai
UI*1
attitudinal: gain - loss.

uau [experimental]
UI1
Attitudinal: impressed/amazed - unimpressed (neutral)/blasé/bland/commonplace - unimpressed (negative)/disappointed/bored
Not necessarily positive (one can be inpressed by/amazed by another's foolishness, ignorance, etc., for example; this feeling of amazement is not quite ironic or sarcastic, but it is a bit wry).

ubu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral for u.

ue
UI1
attitudinal: surprise - not really surprised - expectation.
See also {spaji}.

u'e
UI1
attitudinal: wonder - commonplace.
See also {manci}, {fadni}.

uecu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: surprise - not really surprised - expectation axis.

uei [experimental]
UI3a
discursive: optional answer premarker
See also {pau}, {spuda}

ue'i [experimental]
UI1
attitudinal: excitement - lack of excitement - boredom
Used to express excitement (enthusiasm, exhilaration). The opposite expresses boredom (dullness), while the cu'i-form expresses "indifference". See {fizbu}, {tolzdi}

uei'e [experimental]
attitudinal: excited encouragement
Used to show excited encouragement, e.g. "Let's play!". = {ue'i} + {e'e}. See {fizbu}, {talsa}

uenai
UI*1
attitudinal: surprise - expectation.

u'enai
UI*1
attitudinal: wonder - commonplace.

u'ene'e
UI*1
attitudinal cluster: disappointment
{u'e} + {ne'e}. Suggested as a third position on the {u'e} scale; this is suggested to avoid having to reassign {u'enai} to {u'e}{cu'i}.

uepei
UI*1
attitudinal: surprise question.

ui
UI1
attitudinal: happiness - unhappiness.
See also {gleki}.

u'i
UI1
attitudinal: amusement - weariness.
See also {selzdi}, {selxajmi}, {xalbo}.

uibu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral: happiness symbol (letteral).

uinai
UI*1
attitudinal: happiness - unhappiness.

u'inai
UI*1
attitudinal: amusement - weariness.

ui'y [experimental]
BY*
letteral for :)
Synonynous with .{uibu}. [This word is presently not allowed by morphological and phonotactic constraints. See: .{a'y}, .{y'i}]

uo
UI1
attitudinal: completion - incompleteness.
See also {mulno}, {mansa}, {fanmo}, {snada}.

u'o
UI1
attitudinal: courage - timidity - cowardice.
See also {virnu}.

u'ocu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: courage - timidity - cowardice.

uonai
UI*1
attitudinal: completion - incompleteness.

u'onai
UI*1
attitudinal: courage - timidity - cowardice.

uu
UI1
attitudinal: pity - cruelty.
See also {kecti}.

u'u
UI1
attitudinal: repentance - lack of regret - innocence.
See also {xenru}, {zugycni}.

u'ucu'i
UI*1
attitudinal: repentance - lack of regret - innocence.

uunai
UI*1
attitudinal: pity - cruelty.

u'unai
UI*1
attitudinal: repentance - lack of regret - innocence.

uy [experimental]
BY
letteral for the u semi-vowel, sometimes written as ŭ

u'y [experimental]
BY
letteral for u.
Synonymous with the original CLL definition of .{ubu}.

va
-vaz-
VA
location tense distance: near to ... ; there at ...; a medium/small distance from ...

va'a
VUhU3
unary mathematical operator: additive inverse; [- a].

va'e
MOI
convert number to scalar selbri; x_1 is at (n)th position on scale x_2.

va'ei [experimental]
ROI
converts number to scalar tag; specifies the value on fuzzy logic scale; to the degree (n) on scale ...

va'ei'a [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Dom Hans van der Laan's plastic number ρ = 1.324717957244746025960908854…
The unique real solution of (x^3)-x-1=0; algebraic.

vai
PA2
digit/number: hex digit F (decimal 15) [fifteen].
Experimental rafsi: -vav-

va'i
UI3
discursive: in other words - in the same words.
See also {cneselsku}.

va'inai
UI*3
discursive: in other words - in the same words.

va'o
BAI
vanbi modal, 1st place (conditions 1) under conditions ...; in environment ...

vau
VAU
elidable: end of sumti in simple bridi; in compound bridi, separates common trailing sumti.

va'u
BAI
xamgu modal, 1st place beneficiary case tag complement benefiting from ...

vau'au'o [experimental]
PA5
omega constant, Lambert product-log W(1)
See also: {dei'au'o}

ve
-vel-
SE
4th conversion; switch 1st/4th places.

ve'a
VEhA
location tense interval: a small/medium region of space.

vebe'i
BAI*
benji modal, 4th place transmit origin ...

veci'e
BAI*
ciste modal, 4th place as a system with synergy in ...

vecu'u
BAI*
cusku modal, 4th place in expression medium ...

vede'i
BAI*
detri modal, 4th place on a date according to calendar ...

vedu'o
BAI*
djuno modal, 4th place under epistemology ...

ve'e
-ve'e-
VEhA
location tense interval: the whole of space.

vefi'e
BAI*
finti modal, 4th place creatively; created from ideas/elements ...

vega'a
BAI*
zgana modal, 4th place (under conditions) observed under observing conditions ...

vei
VEI
left mathematical bracket.

ve'i
VEhA
location tense interval: a tiny region of space.

vei'i [experimental]
UI2
evidential: I remember (experiencing) - I deny remembering
See {moi'i}, {vedli}, {morji}, {kai'e}, {lai'i}. Split from {ba'a} so that it can be properly negated with {nai} or questioned with {pei}

veka'a
BAI*
klama modal, 4th place via route ...

vemau
BAI*
zmadu modal, 4th place (relative!) more than/exceeding by amount ...

veme'a
BAI*
mleca modal, 4th place (relative!) less than by amount ...

ve'o
VEhO
right mathematical bracket.

vepa'a
BAI*
panra modal, 4nd place (standard/geometry) similarly; similar by standard ...

vepu'e
BAI*
pruce modal, 4th place (set of stages) passing through processing stages ...

verai
BAI*
traji modal, 4th place (set) -est; most extremely; superlative among ...

vetai
BAI*
tamsmi modal, 4th place similarly; sharing ideal form in property ...
{tamsmi} is x_1 resembles x_2 sharing ideal form/shape x_3 in property x_4

veti'u
BAI*
tcika modal, 4th place (for letters) as a time at location ...

ve'u
VEhA
location tense interval: a large region of space.

vi
-viz-
VA
location tense distance: here at ... ; at or a very short/tiny distance from ...

vi'a
VIhA
dimensionality of space interval tense: 2-space interval; throughout an area.

vi'e
VIhA
dimensionality of space interval tense: 4-space interval; throughout a spacetime.

vi'ei'e [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Lévy-Khinchin constant γ = e^{(π^2)/(12Log_e(2))} ≈ 3.2758…
Some definitions of a constant likewise named are the natural logarithm of this number.

vi'i
VIhA
dimensionality of space interval tense: 1-space interval; along a line.

vi ma
VA*
sumti question asking for a location: at/near what?.

vi'o
COI
vocative: wilco (ack and will comply).

vi'oi'au [experimental]
VUhU
mekso unary operator: the set of all fixed points of function a
The output is an (unordered) set of all of the fixed/stationary/self-mapping points of the input function a; in other words, it the set of all x that are in the domain of a such that a(x) = x. Beware that a may have a larger range than intended (for example, e^x makes sense even for some matrix-valued x). Use {mau'au} for quoting a.

vi'u
VIhA
dimensionality of space interval tense: 3-space interval; throughout a space.

vo
-von-
PA1
digit/number: 4 (digit) [four].

vo'a
KOhA4
pro-sumti: repeats 1st place of main bridi of this sentence.

vo'ai [experimental]
SE
conversion: move 4th place to 1st position. Everything else stays in the same order.
Before: x1 x2 x3 x4 x5, after: x4 x1 x2 x3 x5. Has the same effect as "ve te se". Proposed rafsi: -voz-

vo'au'u [experimental]
VUhU
quaternary mathematical operator: (left) convolution (a★b)(c) in structure d
a, b are integrable functions; c is the variable of input of the convolution a★b; d is the structure in which these objects and the convolution live; the convolution is applied from the left (subject to context and definitions). Domains of integration and characteristics of the integrand, etc., can be defined by d and/or by context. See also: {di'ei'o'au}.

vo'e
KOhA4
pro-sumti: repeats 2nd place of main bridi of this sentence.

vo'ei'a [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Lambert W(1) constant Ω ≈ 0.5671432904097838729999686622…
Ω*e^Ω = 1.

voi
NOI
non-veridical restrictive clause used to form complicated le-like descriptions using "ke'a".

vo'i
KOhA4
pro-sumti: repeats 3rd place of main bridi of this sentence.

voi'e [experimental]
GOI
titular possessive: possessive that is part of a name, e.g. "The Summer of Love", "The Wars of the Roses", "Zeno of Elea"
See {voi'i}, {pe}

voi'i [experimental]
NOI
titular relative clause: gives a title/name in the form of a relative clause, e.g. "Alexander the Great" or "Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds"
See comments for dialectal/proposal-related notes. For a bare title without a name or a descriptor, use {la} {poi'i}. Also see {voi'e}

voki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 4,000 expressed with comma.

vomoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 4 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is fourth among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

vono
PA*
number/quantity: 40 [forty].

vonono
PA*
number/quantity: 400 [four hundred].

vo'o
KOhA4
pro-sumti: repeats 4th place of main bridi of this sentence.

vo'u
KOhA4
pro-sumti: repeats 5th place of main bridi of this sentence.

vu
-vuz-
VA
location tense distance: far from ... ; yonder at ... ; a long distance from ...

vu'a
FAhA1
location tense relation/direction; west of.

vu'e
UI5
attitudinal modifier: virtue - sin.
See also {vrude}, {zungi}.

vu'enai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: virtue - sin.

vu'i
LAhE
sumti qualifier: the sequence made from set or composed of elements/components; order is vague.

vu'o
VUhO
joins relative clause/phrase to complete complex or logically connected sumti in afterthought.

vu'u
VUhU1
n-ary mathematical operator: minus; subtraction operator; [(((a - b) - c) - ...)].
See also {su'i}, {sumji}

vy
BY2
letteral for v.

vy.bu
bu-letteral
BY*
Letteral: “w” character
See https://lojban.github.io/cll/17/5/

xa
-xav-
PA1
digit/number: 6 (digit) [six].

xa'a [experimental]
UI1b
naturalistic interjection: laughter
Differs from {u'i} in that this is meant to be a typographical representation of actual laughter. Additional -'a syllables may be added as desired. See {bu'a'a}, {cmila}, {ki'ai}

xa'a'a [experimental]
UI1b
naturalistic interjection: laughter
= {xa'a}

xai [experimental]
KOhA5
they.(repeat >1 preceding sumti)
repeats two or more preceding sumti, not one plural sumti

xa'i [experimental]
UI3
discursive: imagining/roleplaying - not imagining/"out of character / in real life"
Denotes imaginary/roleplaying actions and events. Serves much the same purpose as *star-quotes* or the /me function [= xa'i mi] would in online communities. Cf. {da'i}, {xanri}, {xarpei}

xai'a [experimental]
UI1b
naturalistic interjection: Hyah! (battle cry/kiai)
A short yell/vocalization used in order to focus one's energies in external/outward projection, as in martial arts.

xaki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 6,000 expressed with comma.

xamoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 6 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is sixth among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

xano
PA*
number/quantity: 60 [sixty].

xanono
PA*
number/quantity: 600 [six hundred].

xa'o [experimental]
ZAhO
opposite of za'o: event contour: refers to the portion of the event which occurs before the natural beginning; starting too early before ...; <----.

xau [experimental]
BAI
preposition: marks that which the bridi is beneficial to; for the benefit of..., with beneficiary...
Similar to {seva'u}

xau'e [experimental]
XAUhE
symbol string to number/variable
The following string of PA, BY, and other SYM words are understood to refer to a single number or variable. This word is terminated with the first non-SYM word uttered after it. The SYM words within its scope lose/are divorced from all other meanings, even their definitions; every occurrence of a given sequence in the text (until it is unassigned via {xau'ei}) will refer to the same number when preceded by this word. The number may be treated formally or otherwise and may be evaluated or otherwise. The use of the word "number" here is extremely broad. The only limitations/restrictions/conditions on a number defined by this word are those imposed upon it by context or those explicitly specified by the utterer. Useful for ROI, MOI, and quantification (next to gadri). Can also occur in mekso, but would mean essentially the same thing as if the string were not preceded by this word- excepting the fact that if the string is already assigned a meaning, when it is preceded immediately by this word, it may assume an alternative meaning. It produces a number or digit which couples immediately with nearby PA, VUhU, or other mekso words before anything else happens; thus, "xau'e xy su'i pa" is interpreted and evaluated first to mean x+1, this is then treated as a single number (evaluated PA) and is used according to the grammar (such as being a quantifier, for example). See also: {xau'o}, {xau'oi}.

xau'ei [experimental]
XAUhO
text to number/variable unassignment
Terminated by {xau'oi}; this terminator is required. Any enclosed text has all associations with a given number/variable via {xau'e} or {xau'o} erased; no new definition is assigned unless proceeded by {xau'e} or {xau'o} and terminated as appropriate (in addition to the termination that this word requires).

xau'e'o [experimental]
XAUhEhO
mekso convention default specification/definition (explicit)
This word is followed by a list of rules. The rules specify the convention by which mekso or mathematical expressions (of various kinds) are to be interpreted. Such conventions are taken to remain in effect until the end of the discourse, until repealed, or if the come to conflict with subsequent rules so marked; in the lattermost case, the subsequent rule takes precedent and the earlier rules that are in conflict with it are ignored only in the most minimal domain of application possible (for example, a rule saying "left composition of functions is denoted by "°" in all cases" could be followed by a rule saying "when a linear transformation can be represented by a matrix, left composition of two such functions is equivalent to left multiplication of their corresponding matrices and so their left composition may be represented simply by juxtaposition as is typical with/for multiplication" with result being that "°" is to be used for all left compositions of functions except when both functions being composed are linear transformations admitting matrix representations, in which case "°" could be used but adjacency alone is sufficient to denote their left composition). Collections of rules (ordered in increasing precedence) can be named and referenced by such name expressed instead of those rules at length (such as calling a (specific) rather simple set of rules defining the order of operations ".pemas."). See also: {xau'o'o}.

xau'o [experimental]
XAUhO
text to number/variable
Terminated by {xau'oi}. Any text enclosed by these words is treated as a foreign text, delimited as for {zoi} and {la'o} (that is: by arbitrary valid sound strings that do not occur in the foreign text; I recommend ones that represent the language of origin of the text or a description of what the text is, such as {cmene}/{fangycme}), and is treated formally. The text then is assigned to refer to a single specific number or variable in a manner exactly the same as with {xau'e}. The meaning is unassigned via {xau'ei}. This is good for quoting names and treating them as numbers in mekso, quantifiers, or MOI expressions; the number to which the text refers can be inferred from context or can be explicitly defined. The word "number" here is extremely broad; the only limitations/restrictions/conditions on the number are those which context demands and those which the utterer explicitly specifies. The quoted text can be used in mekso expressions as a number or digit, just as any PA would be.

xau'oi [experimental]
XAUhOI
XAUhO terminator
Non-elidable.

xau'o'o [experimental]
XAUhOhO
mekso convention cancellation
This word is followed by an evaluated {li} clause (yielding specifically a number n, which probably is a non-negative integer, or a set thereof (the elements of which will also be denoted by simply n, for simplicity) ). It repeals the nth most recent/last convention (counting backward) for mekso/mathematical expressions defined by {xau'e'o}. In order to repeal all such conventions (returning to the conventions specified by some grammar collection), the set should include all integers less than or equal to some sufficiently large integer (which might be {ro}); {ro} denotes the first rule defined (the last rule counting backward from the most recent)- it does not reference "all rules defined"; the most recent rule is denoted by {pa}. Any named body/ordered collection of rules (such as ".pemas.") is treated as being only one rule for the purposes of such counting.

xavoki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 64,000 expressed with comma.

xe
-xel-
SE
5th conversion; switch 1st/5th places.

xe'au [experimental]
XEhAU
mekso clausal referent bracket initializer
Works with words of selma'o NOIhA. Within a mekso expression, any sequence of words/any subexpression between this word and the (immediate/very) next unmatched member of selma'o NOIhA are consolidated into (one whole and indivisible (for the sake of the clause) entity which acts as reference of the clause introduced by the same member of NOIhA, thus overriding the default attachment of NOIhA cmavo to the word immediately preceding them in a mekso expression. A member of NOIhA is considered "unmatched" if and only if the number of intervening additional uses of this word is less than or equal to the number of members of NOIhA uttered after the usage of this word being considered. The bracketed expression is considered to be a whole and single unit that can only be referenced together and in its single entirety; the bracketed expression is considered to be formal and remains unevaluated for the purposes of the reference/clause- thus, any reference to its evaluated result must be made by modifying {ke'a}. See also: {noi'a}, {poi'a}.

xebe'i
BAI*
benji modal, 5th place (medium) transmitted via ...

xe'e [experimental]
PA4
digit/number: any/non-specific referent; modifies quantifier to indicate that it is not important what the specific members of the referential set are
Note: {ro} is preferred if you are merely saying that the predicate is true for all referents ("Anyone can do this"), rather than saying something like "Choose any two apples". // (xe'e pa prenu) = "any one person / one non-specific person", ({xe'enai} pa prenu) = "one specific person". See {itca}, {steci}, {su'anai}, {su'ero}, {te'i'o}

xe'enai
PA*4
digit/number: specific referent; modifies quantifier to indicate that there are particular referents that fulfill the predicate
({xe'e} pa prenu) = "any one person / one non-specific person", (xe'enai pa prenu) = "one specific person". See {itca}, {steci}, {su'anai}

xei [experimental]
PA2
digit/number: hex digit E (decimal 14) [fourteen]
Used as an alternative to {rei} to avoid confusion with {re}. Experimental rafsi: -xem-

xeka'a
BAI*
klama modal, 5th place by transport mode ...

xe'u [experimental]
GOhA
Abstraction variable indicator selbrisle.
{xe'u} is a pro-bridi (meaning it takes the place of a fully-specified bridi). {xe'u} indicates that the {selbrisle} is considered to be a bridi-variable that can be filled by other bridi. {xe'u} makes sense only inside abstraction clauses. In particular, {xe'u} is almost solely used in prenex in order to put a word of selma'o NU in prenex in a statement of predicate logic of third or higher order. See {bu'ai} for usage. See also {ce'u}, {bu'ai}.

xi
XI
subscript; attaches a number of letteral string following as a subscript onto grammar structures.

xi'e [experimental]
XI
scalar subscript
Subscripts words with a PA-number (often subjective), indicating {va'e}/{va'ei} scale value.

xi'i [experimental]
XI
extent of truth
Proposed here: http://balance.wiw.org/~jkominek/lojban/9511/msg00430.html . See {xu'au} for a synonymous word (other than tentatively and temporarily belonging to a different selma'o) that is proposed in order to avoid multiple definitions for "xi'i".

xi'i'ei [experimental]
PA5
digit/number: Khinchin's constant K_0 = 2.6854520010…
See also: {vi'ei'e}, {fi'u}, {te'o}

xo
PA4
digit/number: number/digit/lerfu question.

xo'a [experimental]
XOhA
Loglan toggle: Toggles text to TLI Loglan; marks following text as TLI Loglan.
The proposal also includes an experimental Loglan Little word ``hoa'' (which toggles text to Lojban).

xo'ai [experimental]
SE
conversion: move 5th place to 1st position. Everything else stays in the same order.
Before: x1 x2 x3 x4 x5, after: x5 x1 x2 x3 x4. Has the same effect as "xe ve te se". Proposed rafsi: -xoz-

xo'e [experimental]
PA4
elliptical/unspecified number.
See also {no'o}, {tu'o}, {xo}, {zo'e}, {co'e}, and {do'e}.

xo'ei [experimental]
VUhU
unary mekso operator: produces a string of n consecutive "xo'e"'s, treated as digits (concatenated into a single string of digits)
n can be any nonnegative integer, infinity, or vague. The default value of n is itself "xo'e", thus transforming this word into a 0-ary operator. The output is a string of digits, not a number; thus, it automatically attaches to a string of PA's if immediately preceding this word; following digits must be concatenated on; it might be necessary to convert this string into a number (especially if it is isolated and/or is being acted upon an operator that is defined as desired for numbers but not for digits or strings), but the conversion may be automatic according to the grammar (at least in some contexts). {xo'e} is considered to represent exactly one digit in the given base until it is converted into a number.

xo'e'o'e [experimental]
XOhEhOhE
elliptical/unspecified/vague single-symbol (general)
Might mean either {bo'e} (BY) or {xo'e} (PA), or any other single-symbol selma'o elliptical.

xoi [experimental]
XOI
Right-scoping adverbial clause: encloses a bridi and turns it into an adverbial term; the antecedent (ke'a) of the enclosed bridi stands for the outer bridi {lo su'u no'a ku} (the bridi in which this xoi term appears), including all the other adverbial terms (tags...) within this bridi located on the right of this xoi term (rightward scope).
Terminator: {se'u}

xo'i [experimental]
XOhI
Extracts selbri from a tag, inverse of fi'o
xo'i bau is equivalent to bangu, xo'i fi'o broda is equivalent to broda

xoi'u [experimental]
JOI
non-logical connective (mekso set operator): regardless
Primary motivation is to allow for an analog of .{u} using non-logical connectives of the form of set operators (in the same analogy that related set intersection to logical AND). .krtisfranks. is not sure that this word even fulfills a heretofore unsatisfied logical role, let alone is necessary or practically useful/desirable.

xo'o [experimental]
UI5
attitudinal modifier: sarcastically - sincerely/honestly
There is no good attitudinal for sarcasm. Chosen for its similarity to {zo'o}.

xo'onai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: sarcastically - sincerely/honestly
See {stace}.

xo'u [experimental]
ZAhO
opposite of mo'u: interval event contour: at the natural beginning point of ...;

xu
UI6
discursive: true-false question.

xu'au [experimental]
XUhAU
extent of truth
As described here: http://balance.wiw.org/~jkominek/lojban/9511/msg00430.html, where the proposed word is {xi'i} and the selma'o is XI

xunai
UI*6
discursive: false-true question.
Example: {xunai} {do} {djuno} - 'Don't you know?'. Only negates the question rhetorically, and not the expected answer; {go'i}/{ja'a}/{je'u} still means "Yes, I know".

xu'o'e [experimental]
NA
elliptical bridi logical negator/affirmer/truth-evaluation
See also: {cau'o'e}

xu'u [experimental]
LOhOI
bridi to sumti: marks the beginning of a subordinate bridi; the whole construct is a sumti referring to the enclosed bridi
Terminator: {ku'au}

xu'u'i [experimental]
UI1b
naturalistic interjection: a controlled, focused breathing technique (used for coping, as with pain, fear, etc.)
(Commonly used in some guides to giving birth.) Essentially onomatopoeic.

xy
BY2
letteral for x.

xy.bu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral for "h" character
Synonym: {y'y.bu}

xy'y [experimental]
UI1b
naturalistic interjection: in thought/contemplation
Differs from {y} in that it doesn't imply hesitation or a desire to say anything after. The first syllable may be lengthened as desired. Has a mandatory pause after. See {pensi}.

y
Y
hesitation noise; maintains the floor while speaker decides what to say next.
Note: completely invisible to grammar (except in the cluster {ybu}), and thus can't even be quoted by {zo}. Use "lo {depsna}" instead if you wish to refer to the "word" {y} itself. See {denpa}, {sance}

ybu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral for y.

y'i [experimental]
YhI
connective: elliptical/generic/vague
Like {zo'e} or {co'e}, but for connectives. The connectives referred to may be logical or non-logical; they take the form proper for the syntax/context (probably is best implemented using post-original CLL connective system modification such as the MAD proposal or the system developed by selpa'i); in standard original CLL usage, this would be the inter-sumti connective. [Presently not allowed by morphology/phonotactic constraints. As such is the case, confer: {ji'o'e}.]

y'y
BY2
letteral for '.

y'y.bu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral for "h" character
Synonym: {xy.bu} . See https://lojban.github.io/cll/17/5/

za
ZI
time tense distance: medium distance in time.

za'a
UI2
evidential: I observe.
See also {zgana}, {lanli}.

za'ai [experimental]
ZI
time tense distance: an unspecified distance in time
Used to express a time distance without specifying any subjective notion about its size. May typically be used in a question when the subjective notion is not known. See also {za}, {zi}, {zu}, {ze'ai}

za'e
BAhE
forethought nonce-word indicator; indicates next word is nonce-creation and may be nonstandard.
Compare {zi'a}, {pe'a}, {xo'o}

za'ei [experimental]
VUhU
mekso binary operator: right-handed vectorial cross product (ordered input), a×b
Generally noncommutative; right-handed in three dimensions. See also: {du'ei}

zai
LAU
2-word letteral/shift: alternate alphabet selector follows.

za'i
-zaz-
NU1
abstractor: state (event) abstractor; x_1 is continuous state of [bridi] being true.

zai'a [experimental]
UI5
attitudinal modifier: observed emotion; preceding attitudinal is observed on listener
Replaces recent questionable usage of dai, which should be reserved for situations in which the speaker also feels the emotion. ui nai zai'a - I see you are unhappy. (Note that observation is not limited to visual)

zai'ai [experimental]
ZAIhAI
(elidable) terminator of mathematical/formal quote with mau'au
See also: {mau'au}.

zai'e [experimental]
BAhE
jargon word indicator; indicates next word is a jargon word
Jargon words are to have a single, defined, specialized meaning within one particular narrow context (e.g. a game, field of study, or industry), but may also be assigned to other meanings in other contexts. // Proposed rafsi: -zam-. Afterthought variant: {zi'ai} // Jargonic context, if needed, may be explicated using tanru, including with {bo'ei} / {me} {la}...{ku} clauses, or even defined with a specific meaning using the assigned rafsi e.g. {samyzamsmacu} or {gugyl zei zamgri}

zai'o [experimental]
KOhA7
pro-sumti: the empty argument/value; syntactically-contextually and type-permitted maximally generic in its typing
It is a pro-sumti with an empty reference set. Probably semantically maximally and generally elliptical/generic. Typing can be restricted by (possibly metalinguistic) restriction. See also: {gai'o} (pro-bridi; empty), {mai'i} (pro-sumti; universal), {cei'i} (pro-bridi; universal), {ctaipe}. Proposed by: lai .az. .e lai .krtisfranks.

za'o
-za'o-
ZAhO
interval event contour: continuing too long after natural end of ...; superfective | ---->.

zau
BAI
zanru modal, 1st place approved by ...

za'u
PA3
digit/number: greater than.

za'umai
MAI*
discursive: further utterance ordinal

za'ure'u
ROI*
again; in addition to the first time; for the "more"-th time
See {krefu}, {rapli}

ze
-zel-
PA1
digit/number: 7 (digit) [seven].

ze'a
ZEhA
time tense interval: a medium length of time.

ze'aba
ZEhA*
time tense: a medium time interval offset towards the future; (tense/modal).

ze'aca
ZEhA*
time tense: a medium time interval spanning the present; (tense/modal).

ze'ai [experimental]
TAhE
tense interval modifier: increasingly...; incrementative. Tagged sumti, if present, indicates amount of increase (lo te zenba)
Alternate form: {zei'a}. See {zenba}. Opposite of {dei'a}

ze'apu
ZEhA*
time tense: a medium time interval offset towards the past; (tense/modal).

ze'e
-ze'e-
ZEhA
time tense interval: the whole of time.

ze'ei [experimental]
SI
nonce word with existing grammar
Binds two arbitrary words together to form a nonce word whose semantics are indicated by the left word and whose grammar is the same as that of the right word. Useful for creating function words without having to allocate experimental cmavo forms.

zei
ZEI
joins preceding and following words into a lujvo.
To make tanru out of arbitrary cmavo, use {ze'oi} instead.

ze'i
ZEhA
time tense interval: an instantaneous/tiny/short amount of time.

zei'a [experimental]
TAhE
tense interval modifier: increasingly...; incrementative. Tagged sumti, if present, indicates amount of increase (lo te zenba)
Alternate form to avoid confusion: {ze'ai}. See {zenba}. Opposite of {dei'a}

zei'ei [experimental]
ZEIhEI
begin quote that is converted into rafsi
Terminated by {zei'oi}. Quotes an utterance (must be grammatical) and converts it (as a whole) into a single rafsi with the meaning of "something to do with the referent of "[insert quoted text]"". Notably, does not distribute through the text, treating each word individually with left-grouping (it does not distribute {zei} before and/or after each word (as needed)); the quoted utterance is taken as a whole unit of meaning unto itself; for the former purpose, see {zei'ei'au}. This word is useful for forming quotes and mathematical expressions (formal, evaluated, or otherwise) into lujvo. This rafsi is assumed to begin the next word if the preceding text/utterance does not end with an otherwise standalone and ungrammatical rafsi (the grammar in such a situation should be discussed); in order to connect it as a rafsi within a lujvo that began before it, precede the quotation with {zei}. In order to finish a lujvo or treat the quotation as a brivla on its own, follow it with {co'e}, which is treated as if the preceding utterance (the quote) is a single word followed immediately by {zei}; in order to string multiple ZEIhEI-ZEIhOI rafsi together follow this formula: zei'ei broda zei'oi co'e zei zei'ei brode zei'oi (co'e (zei...))... . Individual rafsi outside of lujvo are typically not grammatical (except in certain quotation structures, vel sim.).

zei'ei'au [experimental]
ZEIhEI
begin quote that is converted into rafsi, distributing lujvo-glue between quoted words
Terminated by {zei'oi}. Begins a quote of a grammatical utterance. Between each word in the utterance, {zei} is to be interpreted and any grouping that might be applied is left-grouping. In other words, {zei} is distributed left-groupingly between each word; each word is treated on its own, individually; the quote is not treated as a whole. The final word is interpreted to have {zei} after it as well (this is a quirk of {zei'oi}), thus the quote is a string of rafsi, left-groupingly considered to be a rafsi. In order to end the lujvo formed with such a quote, follow it by {co'e}. This word compactifies large {zei}-clauses/-statements. For the perhaps generally more useful, if slightly more ambiguous, quote marker that treats the quote as a whole entity and converts it singly and wholly into a rafsi (rather than a rafsi string, as is done by this word), see: {zei'ei}. This word works as {zei'ei} does in all other regards (including as a marker for a new word (specifically a lujvo) unless preceded by {zei} or possibly by a standalone and otherwise ungrammatical rafsi). For the purpose of quoting with {ra'oi}, the result of a {zei'ei'au}-quote is treated as a single rafsi.

zei'oi [experimental]
ZEI'OI
end rafsi-converting quote: terminates ZEIhEI quote
Elidable terminator (rarely elidable). Ends ZEIhEI quotes. See also: {zei'ei}, {zei'ei'au}. Treats quoted utterance as a rafsi; in order to make it end a lujvo (or act on its own as a brivla), follow it with {co'e} (wherein the the quote is treated as a single word followed by {zei}).

zeki'o
PA*
number/quantity: 7,000 expressed with comma.

zemoi
MOI*
quantified selbri: convert 7 to ordinal selbri; x_1 is seventh among x_2 ordered by rule x_3.

zeno
PA*
number/quantity: 70 [seventy].

zenono
PA*
number/quantity: 700 [seven hundred].

ze'o
-zev-
-ze'o-
FAhA4
location tense relation/direction; beyond/outward/receding from ...

ze'oi [experimental]
GOhOI
converts following word to selbri-unit: "x_1 is related to the meaning of this word in aspect x_2"
Quoting rules are similar to {zo}. Roughly, (ze'oi *coi*) ≈ (me la'e zo *coi* moi). Meant primarily to quote cmavo, to supersede use of {zei} as a way of making "tanru" out of cmavo.

ze'u
ZEhA
time tense interval: a long amount of time.

zi
ZI
time tense distance: instantaneous-to-short distance in time.

zi'a [experimental]
UI3a
nonce-word indicator; indicates previous word is nonce-creation and may be nonstandard
Equivalent to {za'e} but in selma'o UI. See also {za'e}, {pe'a}, {xo'o}

zi'ai [experimental]
UI3a
jargon word indicator; indicates previous word is a jargon word
Jargon words are to have a single, defined, specialized meaning within one particular narrow context (e.g. a game, field of study, or industry), but may also be assigned to other meanings in other contexts. Proposed rafsi: -zam- (technically rafsi for {zai'e}; this rafsi is always placed *before* the modified morpheme(s)) Forethought variant: {zai'e}

zi'a'o [experimental]
VUhU
mathematical operator: the empty/null [one sense]/trivial [one sense]/blank operator
Arity is context-dependent. Induced structure is /probably/ empty/trivial [one sense] as well.

zi'e
ZIhE
joins relative clauses which apply to the same sumti.

zi'o
-zil-
KOhA7
pro-sumti: fills a sumti place, deleting it from selbri place structure;changes selbri semantics.

zi'oi [experimental]
ZIhOI
fills and deletes (in the manner as {zi'o}) all terbri of immediately previous word that are not explicitly filled with a sumti
Implicit/omitted {zo'e} will be deleted. Deletion is only meaningful if the immediately previous word is a brivla with at least one unfilled (explicitly) terbri. In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri deletion (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by {be} or {bei}; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word.

zo
ZO
quote next word only; quotes a single Lojban word (not a cmavo compound or tanru).

zo'a
-zon-
-zo'a-
FAhA4
location tense relation/direction; tangential to/passing by ...

zo'au [experimental]
ZOhAU
start logical, topical, or termset postnex
Like {zo'u}, but placed after a bridi or {tu'e}...{tu'u} clause.

zo'e
KOhA7
pro-sumti: an elliptical/unspecified value; has some value which makes bridi true.

zo'ei [experimental]
LAhE
Something associated with; equivalent to ''zo'e pe'' or "lo co'e be".
There are a lot of cases where people use "tu'a" where they actually mean zo'ei; once I noticed the usefulness of such a word to elide whole chunks of sentences, I started wanting it all the time. -camgusmis

zoi
ZOI
delimited non-Lojban quotation; the result treated as a block of text.

zo'i
-zor-
-zo'i-
FAhA4
location tense relation/direction; nearer than .../inward/approaching from ...

zoi'ai [experimental]
ZOIhAI
non-mekso quote/name substitution for ordered collection of prescriptions, descriptions, definitions, etc.
Delimited non-math/non-mekso quote (works like {zoi} in this respect). Treats the quote as a substitute for some formal collection of rules or mathematical description/definitions/notations; the exact meaning of the quote must be inferred as is the case with {la} or any quote; the quote is treated as a single block of text representative a single entity so described in only that case/context by the utterer; can be used to clarify the interpretation of text (convention specification; text need not be mathematical (in which case, it must be used in a meta-linguistic scope)) or as an operand of certain mathematical operators (or, more generally perhaps, bridi). Might be useful for quoting names as descriptors for arguments of operands. For example: orderings, metrics, bases, densities, analytic properties, conventions, etc. can all be more easily described by a moniker than by a formal mathematical description. See also: {ju'au}, {se'au}, {mau'au}.

zoi'ai'e [experimental]
ZOIhOhE
empty string/text/word
More or less equivalent to {lu li'u}, but is useful for when that construct would not be grammatical or practical; it also be used when a single word is necessary, etc. Commonly represented by epsilon or lambda. See also: {zai'e}.

zoi'o'e [experimental]
ZOIhOhE
elliptical/unspecified/vague string/text/word
In numbers/mekso, produces a string of single-symbols or digits (not considered as a single entity, but a concatenated sequence of those symbols).

zo'o
UI5
attitudinal modifier: humorously - dully - seriously.
See also {xajmi}, {junri}.

zo'obu
bu-letteral
BY*
letteral: humor symbol, ":-)" and its related forms expressing humor (letteral).

zo'ocu'i
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: humorously - dully - seriously.

zo'oi [experimental]
ZOhOI
quote next non-Lojban word only; quotes a single non-Lojban word delimited by pauses (in speech) or whitespace (in writing)
See also {zo}, {zoi}, {la'oi}.

zo'onai
UI*5
attitudinal modifier: humorously - dully - seriously.

zo'u
ZOhU
marks end of logical prenex quantifiers/topic identification and start of sentence bridi.

zu
ZI
time tense distance: long distance in time.

zu'a
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction; leftwards/to the left of ...

zu'ai [experimental]
KOhA7
shows mutual activity between this place and the first place of the current bridi; members participating in the activity are put into the first place (that e.g. can be formed by connecting sumti with {ce} or {jo'u})
See also {simxu}, {zi'o}

zu'au [experimental]
FAhA2
location tense relation/direction (angular); counterclockwise from..., locally leftwards/to the left of ...
See also: {zucna}, {du'oi}.

zu'e
BAI
zukte modal, 1st place (purposed agent) with goal-seeking actor ...

zu'i
KOhA7
pro-sumti: the typical sumti value for this place in this relationship; affects truth value.

zu'i'a [experimental]
KOhA
typically what?
Ask what {zu'i} in the place means. From {zu'i} + {ma}. It will be usually used to learn brivla.

zu'o
-zum-
NU1
abstractor: activity (event) abstractor; x_1 is abstract activity of [bridi] composed of x_2.

zu'oini'u
yesterday

zu'oino
today

zu'oipa
tomorrow

zu'u
UI3
discursive: on the one hand - on the other hand.
See also {karbi}, {frica}, {dukti}

zu'ucu'i
UI3*
on the gripping hand
Used after {zu'u} and {zu'unai}, to refer to a third case not covered by two opposing viewpoints.

zu'unai
UI*3
discursive: on the one hand - on the other hand.

zy
BY2
letteral for z.